On March 19, 1971, an earthquake set off a series of calamities—a landslide, flood, and avalanche—that resulted in the destruction of the town of Chungar, Peru, and the deaths of more than four hundred people. Chungar was a mining camp in the Andes Mountains, where workers and their families lived while exploiting a nearby mine. The camp was some 15,000 feet above sea level, yet still thousands of feet below some nearby peaks. On March 19, a small earthquake centered in the Andes Mountains prompted a landslide along the slopes of a mountain near Chungar. The landslide caused a massive amount of dirt and water to plunge into a lake that sat above Chungar. The displaced water from the lake flooded down the hillside toward Chungar, triggering an avalanche of snow, mud, and rock along the way. Within seconds, water, snow, rocks, and mud swallowed Chungar and its people.
Chungar may refer to:
- Chungar Lake or Chungará Lake, a lake in the Lauca National Park, Chile
- Chungar (camp) (11° 7' S, 76° 32' W), the camp of a mining company in Peru which was destroyed by a landslide into Lake Yanahuni
- Eslām Chūngar, a town in Northern Afghanistan
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