South Chungcheong Province
|South Chungcheong Province
|• Revised Romanization||Chungcheongnam-do|
|Subdivisions||8 cities; 7 counties|
|• Governor||Ahn Hee-jung|
|• Total||8,204 km2 (3,168 sq mi)|
|• Density||235/km2 (610/sq mi)|
|• Tree||Weeping Willows|
|• Bird||Mandarin Duck|
South Chungcheong Province, or Chungcheongnam-do (abbreviated Chungnam), is a province in the west of South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the south-western half of the former Chungcheong Province and remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, thereafter becoming part of South Korea. In 2012, the provincial capital moved from Daejeon to Hongseong.
Chungnam is South Korea's richest province, with a 2012 GDP per capita of $56,133, a level of living standard higher than that of the Norway and higher than the United States. It is by far South Korea's fastest growing region, with an average GDP growth of 9.7% in 2001-2007 that accelerated to 12.4% in 2010. Such rapid growth transformed it from a mostly agricultural to a highly industrialized economy in the 21st century.
Along with Gangwon, Chungnam is the only province outside the Seoul Capital Area to be served by the Seoul Metropolitan Subway, with Seoul Subway Line 1 passing Cheonan and Asan. Multi-million dollar projects are being developed, such as New Asan City centered on the newly built Cheonan-Asan Station that connects Chungnam's largest city, Cheonan, to Seoul Station in less than 30 minutes via the KTX bullet train.
The province is part of the Hoseo region, and is bounded to the west by the Yellow Sea, to the north by Gyeonggi-do province, to the south by Jeollabuk-do province, and to the east by Chungcheongbuk-do province. Its area is 8,204 km2 as of 2012.
One third of the province's area is under cultivation. Aside from agriculture, marine products are of importance. There are 220 square kilometres (85 sq mi) of exposed beach which is used to produce salt by solar evaporation. There is coal mining, but gold and silver mines are also found in Chungcheongnam-do, as is Monazite (a rare thorium bearing mineral) and zircon.
At 845 metres, Mount Gyeryong is the most notable elevation. It is located in a national park which is noted for its unique rock features. Apart from the stone formations there are a number of old temples. These include Gwanchok-sa, a temple which is home to the largest stone Buddha in Korea. In 1978 the Taean Marine National Park was opened. It includes some of the country's best bathing beaches.
In early 2007, the Republic of Korea government decided to create a special administrative district out of part of the present Chungcheongnam-do Province, near what is presently Daejeon. The new district will be named Sejong Special Autonomous City, and is to replace Seoul as the future capital of the Republic of Korea. But, in 2009, the replaced Seoul as new national capital was violating South Korean Constitution by Constitution Court, and now Sejong City was only to be National Administrative Capital and Secondary capital alongside Seoul with representing about 36 government ministers and agencies, including Prime Minister office in 2015.
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- Kongju National University
- Gongju National University of Education
- Korea National University of Cultural Heritage
- "Population-Households". South Chungcheong Province. March 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
- See List of South Korean regions by GDP.
- "일반현황" (in Korean). South Chungcheong Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013.
- Official Site of Korea Tourism
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chungcheongnam-do.|