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|Location||Hachiōji, Tokyo, Japan|
Chuo University (中央大学 Chūō Daigaku?), literally Central University, is a private university in Tokyo, renowned for its law school. Chuo is one of the most prestigious schools in Japan. The University has four campuses at Tama (Hachiōji), at Korakuen (Bunkyo, Tokyo), at Ichigaya (Shinjuku), and at Ichigaya-Tamachi (Shinjuku). Chuo University has six faculties, ten graduate schools, and nine research institutes. It also operates four high schools and two junior high schools.
- 1 History
- 2 Faculties and Graduate schools
- 3 Campus
- 4 Academic Activities
- 4.1 Research Institutions
- 4.1.1 Institute of Comparative Law in Japan
- 4.1.2 Institute of Economic Research
- 4.1.3 Institute of Social Sciences
- 4.1.4 Institute of Business Research
- 4.1.5 Institute of Cultural Science
- 4.1.6 Institute of Health and Sports Science
- 4.1.7 Institute of Science and Engineering
- 4.1.8 Institute of Policy and Cultural Studies
- 4.1.9 Institute of Accounting Research
- 4.2 Special Government Programs
- 4.1 Research Institutions
- 5 Famous alumni
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Early days: 1885–1920
Chuo was founded as the English Law School (英吉利法律学校 Igirisu Hōritsu Gakkō?) in 1885 at Kanda in Tokyo by a group of lawyers. Before 1889, the school moved and was renamed to Tokyo College of Law (Tokyo Hōgakuin). The curriculum was changed to reflect the government reform of Japanese law and creation of a new civil code. Opposition to the implementation of new civil code resulted in the government shuttering of the campus journal and the subsequent creation of the Chuo Law Review (Hōgaku Shinpo), which has been regularly published since then.
The university was burnt down in the Great Kanda Fire that occurred in 1892, but was able to hold temporary classes. Before 1903, the school was promoted to Tokyo University of Law (Tokyo Hōgakuin Daigaku) and in 1905, the school expanded itself with the department of economics and renamed itself Chuo University.
The origin of its name "Chuo" has not been certain. However, many founders of the university were once students of the Middle Temple, London, United Kingdom before they completed their training and became qualified as Barristers. This is one of the reasons why the university renamed "Chuo" with its literally meanings: Middle, Center or Central.
Another fire torched the campus in June 1917, but it was rebuilt in August 1918.
Under the old University Ordinance : 1920–1949
In 1918, Japanese government enacted University Ordinance (Daigaku Rei) that set legal framework of universities except imperial universities established by Imperial University Ordinance. Under this University Ordinance, licenced universities were permitted to issue official degrees. Chuo University was successfully licenced in 1920 with three faculties (law, economics and commerce), graduate schools and preparatory schools.
In 1944, Engineering College was established.
Reform along with new School Education Act: 1949–1978
After World War II, Chuo University started a series of reformations along with a new School Education Act of 1947. In 1948, its Correspondence Division was annexed to its Faculty of Law. In 1949, a new university system under the School Education Act of 1947 was applied to Chuo University. Its Engineering College was abolished and new Faculty of Engineering was opened in this year. Its Faculty of Arts was established in 1951. Its Faculty of Engineering took wings and was renamed to Faculty of Science and Engineering in 1962.
New challenges: 1978–
In 1978, Chuo University's headquarters, four faculties and graduate schools including laws, economics, commerce and arts moved to newly established Tama Campus in Hachiōji from the Kanda-Suguradai Campus. The Faculty of Science and Engineering and its Graduate School are still located at the Korakuen Campus. For celebrating its 100th anniversary, in 1988, Chuo University built the Surugadai Memorial Hall which is a seven-story building. It is located at a section on the old Kanda-Surugadai Campus.
In 1993, the Faculty of Policy Studies was opened on the Tama Campus.
The Ichigaya Campus was built in 2000 originally as a satellite downtown campus for graduate schools, but, in 2002, a new professional graduate school, Chuo Graduate School of International Accounting (CGSA) and in 2004, another professional graduate school, Chuo Law School (CLS) were established at the same campus, and then, the satellite downtown campus function for graduate schools partially moved to Ichigaya-Tamachi Campus after it was established in 2010.
In 2008, Chuo Graduate School of Strategic Management, which is a professional graduate school, was launched at Korakuen Campus.
The Ichigaya-Tamachi Campus in Shinjuku was opened in 2010. CGSA and the Graduate School of Public Policy have moved to this campus.
In 2010, Chuo University celebrated its 125th anniversary and the other university events including the main ceremony were held on November 13.
Faculties and Graduate schools
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Economics
- Faculty of Commerce
- Faculty of Science and Engineering
- Faculty of Arts
- Faculty of Policy Studies
- Faculty of sexolozy science
- Faculty-Linkage Program(FLP)
- Graduate School of Law
- Graduate School of Economics
- Graduate School of Commerce
- Graduate School of Science and Engineering
- Graduate School of Arts
- Graduate School of Policy Studies
- Graduate School of Public Policy
Professional graduate schools
- Chuo Graduate School of International Accounting(CGSA)
- Chuo Law School(CLS)
- Chuo Graduate School of Strategic Management(CBS)
The main campus in Tama
It is located in a short walk distance from the Chūō-Daigaku-Meisei-Daigaku Station of the Tama Monorail, which is easily reachable from any city where there runs the JR Chūō Line, the Keiō Line or the Odakyū Line.
There are (1) headquarters, (2) all the faculties except for the Faculty of Science and Engineering, (3) five graduate schools including law, economics, commerce, arts and policy studies.
The Korakuen campus
There are the Faculty of Science and Engineering and its graduate school and the Chuo Graduate School of Strategic Management (professional graduate school).
The Ichigaya campus
It is located in Shinjuku ward, Tokyo. It can be reached from Akebonobashi Station (Shinjuku subway line), Yotsuya-sanchōme Station (Marunouchi subway line), and Ichigaya Station (JR Chūō-Sōbu Line, Shinjuku subway line, Namboku subway line, and Yūrakuchō subway line).
There is the Chuo Law School (professional graduate school).
The Ichigaya-Tamachi campus
There are the Chuo Graduate School of International Accounting (professional graduate school) and the Graduate School of Public Policy. It also has downtown satellite campus function for graduate schools.
The Surugadai Memorial Hall
Chuo has eight research institutions and one research based educational institution.
Institute of Comparative Law in Japan
It was established as the first research institute for comparative legal studies in Japan and East Asia. Its academic research journal "Hikakuho Zasshi" is one of the most prestigious academic journals in this filed. Its office and library are located in Tama Campus.
Institute of Economic Research
It was established in 1964. Its research covers micro economics, macro economics as well as Marxian economics.
Institute of Social Sciences
It was established in 1979. It research covers wide range of social sciences including politics, applied policy studies, area studies and modern histories.
Institute of Business Research
Official Japanese name of this institute is "Kigyo Kenkyu-jyo", literally Institute for Business Entity Analysis. It was established in 1979. It is vary famous of its large collection of materials on Japanese corporations or business entities.
Institute of Cultural Science
Official Japanese name of this institute is "Junbun Kagaku Kenkyu-jyo", literally Institute of Humanities Sciences. The research undertaken by the Institute is primarily collaborative, and involves study of cultural sciences in their broadest sense.
Institute of Health and Sports Science
The institute was established in 1978. Its main office and laboratories are located in the main Gymnastic Building at Tama Campus.
Institute of Science and Engineering
The institute, established in 1992, is promoting joint and project research in the field of science and technologies. Its office is located in Korakuen Campus.
Institute of Policy and Cultural Studies
The institute was established in 1996 for promoting applied research in the filed of policy studies.
Institute of Accounting Research
The Institute of Accounting Research was founded in 1948, for researching practice and theory of corporate accounting, tax, and legislation and/or regulation on business entities. In 1979, Chuo decided to separate this institute into two. New Institute of Business Research succeeded research functions and the Institute of Accounting Research has changed its function into research-based education in the field of accounting. The institute is offering various courses for the students who would like to be qualified as CPA or Tax Accountant under the Japanese law, or to became business professionals empowered by the knowledge of accounting.
Special Government Programs
Chuo has awarded various special government supports for its academic activities.
21st Century Center of Excellence
"21st Century Center of Excellence (COE)" program is the Japanese goverment's special support program for establishing top research center in the world at the research universities. Chuo had this support from 2002 to 2006 for its "Research on Security and Reliability in Electronic Society." Combining cryptogram technologies and other social engineering methods including legal studies, Chuo is contributing to the society on this matter.
- Shozo Sasahara de:Shōzō Sasahara(wrestling, Olympic gold medalist)
- Takao Sakurai (Boxing, Olympic gold medalist)
- Isao Okano (Judo, Olympic gold medalist)
- Kōkichi Tsuburaya (athletics, Olympic bronze medalist)
- Kohei Murakoso (athletics, Games of the XI Olympiad)
- Hiromori Kawashima (former commissioner of Nippon Professional Baseball)
- Yutaka Takagi (baseball)
- Shinnosuke Abe (baseball)
- Yoshiyuki Kamei (baseball)
- Shiro Takegami (baseball, former Manager of Yakult Swallows)
- Yoshio Anabuki (baseball, former Manager of Nankai Hawks)
- Yoshimasa Takahashi (baseball, former Pitcher of Toei Flyers and Yomiuri Giants / Manager of Chuo University Baseball Club)
- Hirokazu Sawamura (baseball, Pitcher of Yomiuri Giants)
- Tsuyoshi Fukui (tennis / Managing Director, Japan Tennis Association)
- Dejima (Sumo, former ōzeki)
- Takekaze (Sumo)
- Tamakasuga (Sumo)
- Mai Nakamura (swimmer,Olympic silver medalist)
- Masami Tanaka (swimmer,Olympic bronze medalist)
- Sumika Minamoto (swimmer,Olympic bronze medalist)
- Masahiro Fukuda (football player)
- Nobutoshi Kaneda (football player)
- Kengo Nakamura (football player)
- Ken Naganuma (football player, former President of the Japan Football Association)
- Katsuaki Satō (karate)
- Jumbo Tsuruta (wrestling)
- Kazushi Sakuraba (wrestling)
- Takuzo Hanai (lawyer)
- Raizaburo Hayashi (former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court / former Prosecutor-General, former Minister of Justice)
- Chiharu Saiguchi (former Justice, the Supreme Court)
- Shigeyori Tsukamoto (former Justice of the Supreme Court / former Professor, Chuo University)
- Motoo Ono (former Justice of the Supreme Court)
- Hisayuki Okuno(former Justice of the Supreme Court)
- Takehisa Fukazawa (former Justice of the Supreme Court)
- Tatsuo Kainaka (former Justice, the Supreme Court / Superintending Prosecutor, Tokyo High Public Prosecutors Office)
- Masahiko Sudo (Justice, the Supreme Court)
- Tomoyuki Yokota (Justice, the Supreme Court)
- Haruo Kasama (Prosecutor-General, Supreme Public Prosecutors Office)
- Tomoyuki Yokota (former Deputy Prosecutor-General, Supreme Public Prosecutors Office)
- Shuji Iwamura (Chief Prosecutor, Tokyo District Public Prosecutors Office)
- Toshiki Kaifu (the 76th and 77th Prime Minister / former Chairman,the Liberal Democratic Party)
- Saburo Tsukamoto (former Chairman, now-defunct“Minshato”─the Democratic Socialist Party)
- Sadao Yamahana (former Chairman, the Japan Socialist Party)
- Masahiko Kōmura (Minister for Foreign Affairs)
- Okiharu Yasuoka (Minister of Justice)
- Toshihiro Nikai (Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry)
- Kunimatsu Hamada (former Chairman, the House of Representatives)
- Hirofumi Hirano (Chief Cabinet Secretary, the House of Representatives)
- Yonezo Maeda(former Seiyukai leader / former Minister of Railways / lawyer)
- Shigeru Hori (former Chairman, the House of Representatives)
- Yoshimori Yoneda (the founder of Kanagawa University)
- Osamu Inaba (former Minister of Justice, Lockheed bribery scandals / former Professor, Chuo University)
- Yoshimi Watanabe (former Minister,State for Financial Policy and Administrative Reform)
- Ichita Yamamoto(House of Councilors member)
- Hideo Usui (former Minister of Justice)
- Yoshihiko Tsuchiya (former Governor Saitama Prefecture, Upper House Speaker)
- Masaaki Kanda (Governor, Aichi Prefecture)
- Fumio Ueda (Mayor, Sapporo city / lawyer)
- Yorikane Masumoto (former Mayor, Kyoto city)
- Hwang Jang-yop (North Korean defector; dropped out of the law school in 1944. Was previously Kim il-Sung's and Kim Jong-il's personal advisor.)
- Hiroshi Saitō (mayor of Tokorozawa, Saitama)
- Hasegawa Nyozekan
- Sojinkan Sugimura
- Genji Shibukawa
- Shunosuke Inada
- Gennosuke Yokoyama
- Sanshiro Ishikawa
- Bungo Sakurada
- Sozo Matsuura
- Chiyumi Hioki (fashion journalist)
- Yang Ho-Min (former Chosun Ilbo columnist; 1992 Ho-Am Prize recipient)
- Kiminobu Hashimoto (former Member, Japan Academy / Honorary Professor of Constitutional Law, Chuo University)
- Hachiro Sugimoto (Medicinal Chemist, Ph.D. / Visiting Professor, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University)
- Kazuyuki Nagai (former President and Chancellor, Chuo University, sitting 2005-2011)
- Tadahiko Fukuhara (President and Chancellor, Chuo University, sitting 2011-)
- Tsutomu Fuse (President, Yokohama City University)*Akira Fuse is his little brother.
- Yoshiaki Ishizawa (President, Sophia University)
- Kenzo Kitakata
- Go Ousaka (Naoki Prize)
- Kageki Shimoda (Naoki Prize)
- Yoshie Wada (Naoki Prize)
- Kazumasa Hirai
- Junji Yamagiwa
- Sen Saga (lawyer)
- Kazuo Koike
- Ken Akamatsu (manga artist)
- Masashi Ueda (manga artist)
- Kiyoshi Ichimura (the founder of Ricoh Co.,Ltd.)
- Hiroshi Okawa (the founder of Toei Company Co.,Ltd.)
- Kensuke Matano (former President and chairman, Iino Kaiun Kaisha, Ltd.)
- Fujio Mitarai (Chairman & CEO, Canon Co.,Ltd. / Chairman, “Nippon Keidanren”Japan Business Federation)
- Toshifumi Suzuki (Chairman & CEO, Seven & i Holdings Co.,Ltd. / former Chairman of the Board of Trustees, Chuo University )
- Shuji Hisano (President and chairman, Ensuiko Sugar Refining Co.,Ltd. / Chairman of the Board of TrusteesPresident, Chuo University)
- Jotaro Takagi (former President and chairman, Mitsubishi Estate Co., Ltd. / President, Dai-nippon Karete-do Shoto-kai)
- Yoshio Sasaki (former President, Nippon Television / former Vice President, Yomiuri Shinbun)
- Sueyoshi Takahashi (former President, Kinden Co.,Ltd.)
- Osamu Suzuki (Chairman & CEO, Suzuki Motor Co.,Ltd.)
- Kensho Kusumi (former Executive Vice President, Nissan Co.,Ltd.)
- Hiroo Mizushima (Former chairman, Sogo Co.,Ltd.)
- Akihiko Otsuka (the Otsuka Group, former President Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co.,Ltd.)
- Hisao Oguchi (Vice President, SEGA Co.,Ltd.)
- Makoto Naruke (former President, Microsoft Japan Co.,Ltd.)
- Shinobu Osako (former President, Zenrin Co.,Ltd.)
- Keiji Okoso (former President Nippon Ham Co.,Ltd. / owner, Nippon Ham Fighters)
- Hirotada Kotaki (Chairman, TOHAN Co.,Ltd.)
- Naoki Adachi (President & CEO, TOPPAN PRINTING Co.,Ltd.)
- Koji Miyauchi (former president and chairman, Yamato Transport Co.,Ltd.)
- Keiji Aritomi (former president and chairman, Yamato Holdings Co.,Ltd. / Yamato Transport Co.,Ltd.)
- Kaoru Seto (Chairman, Yamato Holdings Co.,Ltd. / Yamato Transport Co.,Ltd.)
- Hiroshi Hayakawa (Vice President, TV Asahi Co.,Ltd.)
- Hiroshi Yanai (Chairman, President & CEO, Pia Co.,Ltd.)
- Kazuo Komatsuzaki (President, Sports Hochi Co.,Ltd.)
- Masahiro Ouga (President, Shougakukan Co.,Ltd.)
- Fumiaki Shikatani (President, Diamond, Inc.)
- Kazutoshi Tsukada (President, Fukuinkan Shoten Publishers, Inc.)
- Kazunori Kataoka (President, AIG Edison Life Insurance Co.,Ltd.)
- Seiki Tokuni (Chairman, AIG Star Life Insurance Co.,Ltd.)
- Shigeru Myojin (former Vice Chairman, Salomon Brothers)
- Akio Dobashi (Chairman, Sojitz Co.,Ltd.)
- Nanaumi Hideyuki (CEO, Morningstar Japan)
- Koichi Kane (President, Mitsubishi Securities Co.,Ltd.)
- Tsutomu Yoneyama (President, YONEX Co.,Ltd.)
- Tadao Kojima (Directors President, Daiwa Seiko, Inc.)
- Tetsuya Mogi (President, Bunka Shutter Co.,Ltd.)
- Takanori Okumura (President and Representative Director, OKUMURA CORPORATION)
- Hirotake Yano (President, Daiso-Sangyo, Inc.)*100-yen shop
- Aki Fujinuma (Chairman & President, Japanese Institute of Certified Public Accountants)
Arts and entertainment
- Tetsurō Tamba (actor)
- Kiyoshi Atsumi(actor)
- Noboru Nakaya (actor)
- Minoru Chiaki (actor)
- Housei Komatsu (actor)
- Susumu Kurobe (actor, Ultraman)
- Sakae Takita (actor)
- Shinji Yamashita (actor)
- Ikko Furuya (actor)
- Takaya Kamikawa (actor)
- Goro Kishitani (actor)
- Hiroshi Abe (actor)
- Masami Imamura (actress)
- Naoko Morooka (actress / singer / lyricist)
- Tani Kei (comedian, Crazy Cats)
- Takagi Boo (comedian, The Drifters)
- Akiko (jazz singer)
- Shinji Sōmai (film director)
- Akihisa Okamoto (film director)
- Susumu Fukuhara (film director)
- Tetsuya Yamauchi (TV director, mitokomon)
- Yasuo Tsuruhashi (TV director)
- Makoto Shinkai (director)
- Yasushi Akimoto(producer / lyricist)
- Shozo Uehara (screenwriter)
- Shinji Nojima (screenwriter)
- Ippei Hayashiya(Rakugo / Sanpei Hayashiya)
- Taiji Nomura (NHK announcer / Tokyo Olympic Games)
- Seigoro Kitade (NHK announcer, Sumo / Tokyo Olympic Games)
- Katsuhiko Kaneko (TV announcer, Soccer)
- Masako Noguchi (former TBS announcer)
- Yuko Yajima (TV Asahi announcer)
- Yuka Kato (CBC announcer)
- Anna Kobayashi (ytv announcer)
- Kei Orihara (photographer)
- Jōsei Toda (2nd President of Soka Gakkai)
- Kunio Yonenaga (shogi Meijin / president, Japan Shogi Association)
- Isao Sawa (owner, Sawanoya Ryokan )
- Hiroyuki Nishimura (2ch)
- Yamashita Shoon
- Ittetsu Suzuki (pornographic actor)
- "Hwang Jang-yop Holds Press Conference To Explain Why He Defected from North Korea". North Korea Special Weapons Nuclear, Biological, Chemical and Missile Proliferation News (Federation of American Scientists) (152). 1997-07-21. Retrieved 2007-10-30.
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