Churachandpur district

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Churachandpur District
Lamka
District
Location of Churachandpur district in Manipur
Location of Churachandpur district in Manipur
Coordinates: 24°20′N 93°41′E / 24.333°N 93.683°E / 24.333; 93.683Coordinates: 24°20′N 93°41′E / 24.333°N 93.683°E / 24.333; 93.683
Country  India
State Manipur
District Churachandpur
Headquarters Churachandpur
Elevation 914.4 m (3,000.0 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 271,274
 • Density 59/km2 (150/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Paite
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 795128
Telephone code 03874
Sex ratio 969 females per 1000 males[1] /
Website ccpurdistrict.com

Churachandpur (Pron:/ˌtʃʊɹətʃændɹəˈpʊə/) locally and originally known as Lamka[citation needed] is a district located in the south-western corner of the Indian state of Manipur which covers an area of 4,750 kilometres (2,950 mi).

Economy[edit]

Khuga Dam in 2006

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Churachandpur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It is one of the three districts in Manipur currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 census, Churachandpur district had a population of 271,274,[3] roughly equal to that of Barbados.[4] This gives it a ranking of 575th in India (out of a total of 640 districts).[3] The district has a population density of 59 inhabitants per square kilometre (150/sq mi).[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 19.03%.[3] Churachandpur has a sex ratio of 969 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 84.29%.[3]

Area: 4,570 square kilometres (1,760 sq mi) Rank 1/9
Literacy Rate (2001) 84.29%[1] Rank 2/9
Literacy by Gender Male 88.34%[1] Female 80.13%[1]
Population (2011 Census) 271,274[1] Rank 5/9
Population % to state population 9.97%[1] (2011 Census)
Sex ratio 969 (2011 Census)[1] 993 (2001 Census), 1004 (1961 Census)
Temperature 41oC Maximum 0oC Minimum
Humidity 89% Maximum 20% Minimum
Longitude 93.15oE 94.0oE
Latitude 24.0oN 24.3oN
Altitude 914.4 metres (District Hqrs.)
Population Density 50 (2001 Census) Rank 6/9
Telephone Code + 3874
Postal Code Churachandpur 795128 Chiengkonpang 795158
Digital Map of Churachandpur http://www.mapmyindia.com/?cx=416826&cy=5710960&cz=8 MapmyIndia

Language[edit]

Paite is the lingua franca language in Churachandpur. Languages spoken in the district are Paite, Vaiphei, Zou, Gangte, Thadou, Tedim/Sukte, Simte, Mizo, Hmar, Kom and other tribal languages. The area also includes fewer than 3,000 speakers of the Sino-Tibetan Aimol language, which is written using Latin script.[5]

Media[edit]

There are a number of print, audio-visual and electronic media in Churachandpur.

The Manipur Express Daily Newspaper (Paite), established in 1981 is the largest circulating newspaper in Manipur among tribal languages. The Lamka Post (Paite), also prints around 10,000 copies daily. These two dailies are the largest circulating newspapers in the District. Other newspapers in Lamka include Sikni-Eng (Mizo), Nisin Thuhiltu (Vaiphei), Zogam Today (Zou), Hmasawnna Thar (Hmar)etc.

Several monthly magazines in different tribal languages are also published from Churachandpur viz, Tongdam (Paite), The Lamka Chronicle (Paite), Tongluang (Paite), ZingDaitui (Paite), Suangmantam Digest (Paite), Limlang (Paite), Ruth Messenger (Paite), Frontier Weekend (Paite-English), Voice of the Hills (Thadou), Zingvalpa (Thadou), Vanglai (Simte), Chollha (Thadou), Sawrtui (Hmar), Laizon Digest (Thadou), Khohui (Thadou), Zalen Banner (weekly in Thadou), etc.

Hornbill Cable Network, TC Network, Sinlung Cable, Angel's Vision, ZRS and Laizom Cable are some of the main Cable Television Networks in Churachandpur.

Churachandpur FM Radio Station is located at Tuibuang. AIR Lamka (101.4 Megahertz). Paite is the link language. (MS. Prabharaka: "Ferment In Manipur" Frontline, January 7–20, 1989, p. 38)

Transport[edit]

Air The nearest airport from the District is Tulihal Airport which is 60 kilometres (37 mi) from the main town. There is an all weather road from the town to the airport.

Rail The nearest railway station is Dimapur

Road NH 150 Tipaimukh Road passes through the heart of the town connecting the District with Mizoram. Tedim Road, passing through the District HQ, connects Imphal with Tedim, Burma. Guite road links the town with Mizoram.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Census of India: Provisional Population Totals and Data Products – Census 2011: Manipur". "Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India". 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Barbados 286,705 July 2011 est. 
  5. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Aimol: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011. 
  1. Census of India 2001: Manipur Series 14 (Provisional Population Totals), Imphal: Directorate of Census Operations, Manipur.
  2. Chinkhopau (1995) Churachandpur District, Churachandpur: Published by Author.
  3. District Statistical Handbook – Churachandpur: District Statistical Officer.
  4. Gangte, Thangzam (undated) Churachandpur Chanchin (An Account of Churachandpur)
  5. Ginsum, H (undated) Lamka Vangkhua (Lamka Town).
  6. Kamkhenthang, Dr. H (1995) "Lamka Town vis-a-vis Churachandpur", Shan (daily), 21 December.
  7. Kamkhenthang (1998) "Lamka (Churachandpur)" in B.D. Ray, A.K. Neog & H.K. Mazhari (eds.) Urban Development in North-East India : Potentiality and Problems, New Delhi: Vedams Books.
  8. Manipur State Archives, Imphal: Manipur State Durbar 1907–1947 – Papers related to the Court of the President of Manipur State Durbar, Hill Misc. Case No. 28 of 1945–46, Phungkhothang Chief of Hiangtam Lamka; also Misc Case No. 504 of 1934 Phungkhothang Chief of Hiangtam Lamka.
  9. Neihsial, Dr. Tualchin (1996) This is Lamka: A Historical Account of the Fastest Growing Town of Manipur Hills, Churachandpur, India: Zogam Book Centre & Library.
  10. Nengzachin (1974) "North East India General Mission Tanchin" in Jubilee Thusuah 1974, Churachandpur: Evangelical Convention Church; pp. 1–18.

External links[edit]