Church Crookham

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Coordinates: 51°16′04″N 0°49′56″W / 51.267835°N 0.832289°W / 51.267835; -0.832289

Church Crookham
Church Crookham is located in Hampshire
Church Crookham
Church Crookham
 Church Crookham shown within Hampshire
OS grid reference SU8156352723
Civil parish Church Crookham
District Hart
Shire county Hampshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town FLEET
Postcode district GU15
Dialling code 01252
01276
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Aldershot
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire

Church Crookham is a large suburban village and civil parish contiguous with the town of Fleet, in northeast Hampshire, England, located 39 miles (63 km) southwest of London. Formerly a separate village and now generally considered as a southern suburb of Fleet, the area comprises one of the 18 wards of the Hart District, in addition to parts of two others. The southwest of the village incorporates the Zebon Copse housing development constructed in the late-1980s.

History[edit]

Crookham (formerly Crokeham) dates back at least as far as the Domesday Book, though Church Crookham and Crookham Village did not become distinct entities until the founding of the Christ Church in 1840.[1] It is this church for which Church Crookham is named.

The region had few inhabitants at this time, with the 1831 edition of Samuel Lewis's "Topographical Dictionary of England" claiming Crookham had 623 inhabitants and not even mentioning the (at the time) much smaller Fleet.[2] The settlements in area, particularly Fleet, experienced a minor population bloom in 1840 when a railway station was built at nearby Fleet Pond; while this was primarily for the benefit of day-trippers, many Londoners enjoyed the area so much that they decided to settle there.

The Second World War[edit]

Dragons teeth at Crookham Wharf on the Basingstoke Canal.

Church Crookham lies on GHQ Line - the most important of a number of fortified stop lines constructed as a part of British anti-invasion preparations of World War II - and was at one of the most heavily fortified sections of that line.[3][4]

Notes of interest[edit]

Although now completely enveloped by its formerly-separate and larger neighbour, local residents of Church Crookham still consider the area to be a village in its own right[citation needed]. Motorists entering Fleet from the south and west are met with signs welcoming them to Church Crookham, whereas those entering the town from the north and east are welcomed to Fleet instead.

The Basingstoke Canal passes through Church Crookham.

Vertu mobile phones are made at the company headquarters, located in Church Crookham. The HSES Group headquarters are located in Church Crookham. The head office of Ferranti Thomson Sonar Systems, was located on the Redfields Industrial Estate, to the south of the town.

John Keble was a regular visitor to Church Crookham's Christ Church.[5]

Queen Elizabeth Barracks[edit]

Queen Elizabeth Barracks (Boyce Barracks) - Crookham - Date of construction 1938

Originally named Boyce Barracks, but renamed in 1948 following the visit of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother.

This large barracks complex was built to act as the Depot for the Royal Army Medical Corps, who used it until 1962. From 1965 until 1970 it was used by Training Regiments of the Royal Corps of Transport. From 1970 until 2000 it was used by Gurkha Regiments.

Wooden hutted camp, with single storey barrack blocks arranged as 'spiders'. The camp could accommodate 2500 men in peace time. This camp also included a numbers of stores and administration buildings, as well as a large parade area, gymnasium and cinema.

Site sold by the MOD and due for redevelopment as housing. The headquarters administration building has been moved and preserved at the Aldershot Military Museum. The Battalion vacated the barracks in August 2000, and the abandoned site is still present. Bryant Homes bought the site in 2002,[6] and planning permission has been sought for a housing estate which will include a medical centre, school, and shops.

Tweseldown race course[edit]

Another well-known site is Tweseldown race course, a point-to-point horse racing track. The first steeplechase was held here in 1847. This race track was used for the eventing steeplechase in the 1948 London Olympics.[7] Winston Churchill raced there while at Sandhurst, with scandal attending him in one race, in which he was accused of bullying a fellow rider, an incident that he disregarded in his account of his early life.[citation needed]

Filming location[edit]

Church Crookham has been used as a filming location for several films. These include the 2002 James Bond movie Die Another Day, which used woodland and flat ground in between Church Crookham and Aldershot to represent the demilitarised zone between North and South Korea.[8] Church Crookham was also one of several English towns and villages (others including nearby Aldershot, Farnham, and Chobham) that served as filming locations for the 2006 movie Children of Men.

Tobacco[edit]

Church Crookham was also the location for the only commercially successful tobacco plantation in Britain which produced among other brands "Blue Prior" cigarettes and pipe tobacco. Production finished in 1938 and the plantation site is now occupied by Redfields Garden Centre, but Redfields House is part of the buildings that now encompass St Nicholas' School.[9]

Redfields was also the centre for the British Pioneer Tobacco Growers Association (BPTGA) after the Second World War. Tobacco was grown there, cured and a commercial brand 'Trowards Rayon D'or' was produced alongside the main purpose of supplying plants to members, curing and shredding their final product before returning to the appropriate members. Among members of the staff were Charles Baggs, General Manager throughout their existence, and Admiral Sir Clement Moody. A BBC film was made during the 1950s entitled Tobacco Road which featured the Redfields site and their site in nearby Crondall. The Association closed after the death of Mr Troward, although Charles Baggs did continue to supply plants and cure the members' product for a further period after his death. The works at Redfields employed some twenty to thirty local staff, which demonstrated its importance at that time in history.

Education[edit]

For a list of local schools see the list of Hampshire schools.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Church Crookham.co.uk. "Church Crookham: A pleasant village in Hampshire, England". Retrieved 28 November 2006. 
  2. ^ Hantsweb. "A Little Local History". Retrieved 28 November 2006. 
  3. ^ Foot, 2006, p335-341
  4. ^ "Defending Chequers Bridge". Pillbox study group. Retrieved 2 February 2007. 
  5. ^ Guildford Diocese. "Aldershot Deanery > Crookham". Archived from the original on 29 September 2006. Retrieved 28 November 2006. 
  6. ^ Tailor Woodrow (2002). "Bryant Acquires Major Brownfield Development Site". Retrieved 28 November 2006. 
  7. ^ House and Hound (2006). "BEF says Greenwich will work in 2012". Retrieved 28 November 2006. 
  8. ^ News.com.au (7 October 2006). "Licence to thrill". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 28 November 2006. 
  9. ^ Roe, Ted (1975). Mainly about Old Fleet and Crookham. 

General references[edit]

  • Foot, William (2006). Beaches, fields, streets, and hills ... the anti-invasion landscapes of England, 1940. Council for British Archaeology. ISBN 1-902771-53-2. 

External links[edit]