Church Rock, New Mexico

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Church Rock, New Mexico
CDP
Nickname(s): Churchrock Chapter
Location of Church Rock, New Mexico
Location of Church Rock, New Mexico
Coordinates: 35°32′6″N 108°36′42″W / 35.53500°N 108.61167°W / 35.53500; -108.61167Coordinates: 35°32′6″N 108°36′42″W / 35.53500°N 108.61167°W / 35.53500; -108.61167
Country United States
State New Mexico
County McKinley
Government
 • Type Chapter Government
 • President Johnnie Henry Jr.
 • Vice-President Sherman Woody
 • Secretary-Treasurer Louise Jim
 • Tribal Council Member Edmund Yazzie
Area
 • Total 2.4 sq mi (6.2 km2)
 • Land 2.4 sq mi (6.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 6,686 ft (2,038 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,077
 • Density 450.7/sq mi (174.0/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 87311
Area code(s) 505
FIPS code 35-15370
GNIS feature ID 0902212
Website http://churchrock.navajochapters.org
Church Rock, a famous landmark. Photo circa 1875.

Church Rock (Navajo: Kinłitsosinil) is a census-designated place (CDP) in McKinley County, New Mexico, United States. It is within the Navajo Nation. The population was 1,077 at the 2000 census. Church Rock is named for a prominent natural landmark with the same name.

Navajo Nation government[edit]

2004-2008 Chapter Official 2004-2008 Council Delegate 2004-2008 Administration
Johnny Livingston, President Charles S. Damon II Alice Largo, Coordinator
Robinson Kelly, Vice-President Ernest D. Yazzie Jr. Deeanna Washee,
Sherman Woody, Secretary/Treasurer
Vanessa Begay-Lee, Grazing Official
2008-2012 Chapter Official 2008-2012 Council Delegate 2008-2011 Administration 2011-2012 Administration
Johnnie Henry Jr., President Charles S. Damon II Brian H. Chee, Coordinator Alvin Billie, Coordinator
Robinson Kelly, Vice-President Ernest D. Yazzie Jr. Deeanna Washee, Office Specialist Deeanna Washee, AMS
Louise Jim, Secretary/Treasurer ** Edmund Yazzie Michelle Johns, Office Assistant Michelle Johns, Office Assistant
Emery Chee, Grazing Official ** Member of 22nd NN Council

Geography[edit]

Church Rock is located at 35°32′6″N 108°36′42″W / 35.53500°N 108.61167°W / 35.53500; -108.61167 (35.534961, -108.611593).[1]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.2 km²), of which, 2.4 square miles (6.2 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (0.83%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,077 people, 258 households, and 214 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 450.7 people per square mile (174.0/km²). There were 299 housing units at an average density of 125.1 per square mile (48.3/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.14% Native American, 0.65% White, 0.09% African American, 0.28% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.39% of the population.

There were 258 households out of which 56.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.4% were married couples living together, 31.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.7% were non-families. 15.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.17 and the average family size was 4.65.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 42.2% under the age of 18, 11.7% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 15.6% from 45 to 64, and 4.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $27,917, and the median income for a family was $28,958. Males had a median income of $23,529 versus $21,016 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $6,780. About 34.3% of families and 36.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.5% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over.

Uranium mining[edit]

On July 16, 1979, the dam at a United Nuclear Corporation (based in Virginia) Church Rock uranium mill was breached and spilled 1,100 tons of milled uranium ore and 94 million US gallons (360,000 m3) of heavy metal effluent into the Puerco River.[3] This was the largest release of radioactive waste in U.S. history, but until recently, no epidemiological studies were undertaken of the effects on the population.[4] With the declining uranium market, two of the mines closed in 1983 and the third closed in February 1986.[5]

In 2003 the Church Rock Uranium Monitoring Project was initiated by the Churchrock Chapter of the Navajo Nation to assess environmental impacts of abandoned uranium mines and build capacity to conduct community-based research with policy implications.[6] Its May 2007 report found that significant radiation from both natural and mining sources remains in the area; the community is dedicated to remedy the problem as much as possible.[6]

In 2005 the Navajo Nation prohibited any further uranium mining in the nation. In 2008 the US EPA and the Navajo EPA began a five-year plan to identify and ameliorate areas contaminated by uranium mining; their priority has been water sources and structures.[7]

In 2013 the Churchrock Chapter passed a resolution supporting a demonstration in-situ mining at Section 8 and 17. The resolution passed with 68 in support 26 opposed and 16 abstained. Minority of community members continue to oppose mining operations as well as outside residents who reside in other chapters and non-Navajos. [8] [9]

Culture[edit]

Inter Tribal Ceremonial (August) brings thousands of visitors and members of almost all Indian tribes to Red Rock State Park.[citation needed]

Churchrock Chapter celebrates the annual, Treaty Day Festival on June 1. The first event took place on June 1, 2010. The event is to commemorate the signing of the Treaty of 1868 between the Navajo Tribe and United States Government to emancipate the Navajo people from Fort Sumner, New Mexico (Bosque Redondo).

Economy[edit]

Church Rock is the location of Fire Rock Casino, which opened on November 19, 2008.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Wasserman, Harvey & Norman Solomon (1982). KILLING OUR OWN: The Disaster of America's Experience with Atomic Radiation, Delta Book Ch. 9 http://www.ratical.org/radiation/KillingOurOwn/KOO9.html
  4. ^ Doug Brugge, PhD, MS, Jamie L. deLemos, MS and Cat Bui, BS, "The Sequoyah Corporation Fuels Release and the Church Rock Spill: Unpublicicized Nuclear Releases in American Indian Communities", American Journal of Public Health, September 2007, Vol 97, No. 9, pp. 1595-1600, doi:10.2105/AJPH.2006.103044 PDF version
  5. ^ Shuey, Chris (1992). "Contaminant Loading on the Puerco River: A Historical Overview", Southwest Research and Information Center Albuquerque, New Mexico, 14 October 1992. http://www.sric.org/uranium/PUERCO92.html
  6. ^ a b Shuey, Chris et al (2007). REPORT OF THE CHURCH ROCK URANIUM MONITORING PROJECT 2003-2007, CHURCHROCK CHAPTER, NAVAJO NATION, SOUTHWEST RESEARCH AND INFORMATION CENTER and NAVAJO EDUCATION AND SCHOLARSHIP FOUNDATION, Window Rock, Navajo Nation (Arizona), USA. http://www.sric.org/uranium/CRUMPReportSummary.pdf
  7. ^ Felicia Fonseca, "Navajo woman helps prompt uranium mine cleanup", Associated Press, carried in Houston Chronicle, 5 September 2011, accessed 5 October 2011
  8. ^ "Uranium project given green light on Navajo Nation", Farmington Daily Times, carried in "Farmington Daily Times", 24 December 2013, accessed 16 July 2014
  9. ^ "Churchrock supports uranium mining", Gallup Independent, carried in "Gallup Independent", 9 February 2013, accessed 16 July 2014

External links[edit]