All Saints Church (Manhattan)
|All Saints Roman Catholic Church|
|Architectural style||Gothic Revival
|Town or city||New York, New York|
|Client||Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||James Renwick Jr.|
The Church of All Saints is a historic Roman Catholic parish church in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York, located at 47 East 129th Street, at the corner of Madison Avenue, in the Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City. Built from 1883-1886 and designed by architects Renwick, Aspinwall and Russell – but attributed by historian Michael Henry Adams directly to James Renwick, Jr. – the church complex includes a parish house (1886–89) as well as a school (1902) designed by Renwick's nephew, William W. Renwick.
The parish was established in October 1879, under the supervision of the Rev. (later Monsignor) James W. Power, a native of Ireland, who was its first pastor. The parish was originally intended for the neighborhood's Irish immigrants. As the neighborhood has changed, the parish today is predominantly African-American and Nigerian. It is currently staffed by the Franciscan Friars.
All Saints is known as the "St. Patrick's of Harlem" because of its size and design, the Gothic Revival, or alternatively Venetian Gothic, brick church with terracotta trimming was dedicated in 1893. The design is festooned with rose windows in the clerestory and a prominent bell tower. "The vaulted interior is also rich in details, including comfortable hand-carved pews, murals and stained glass."
The parish school was built by Power soon after the church, and was initially run by the Christian Brothers of Ireland, who were brought by him to educate the children of Irish immigrants, and the Sisters of Charity of New York. The school's enrollment in its early years reached almost 2,000 students, mostly girls. Within the parish, the Sisters also operated All Saints Academy, which taught 120 high school students, and the Brothers operated All Hallows Collegiate Institute for boys. Additionally, a Home for Working Girls was run by the Franciscan Missionary Sisters of the Sacred Heart.
- Church of All Saints (Roman Catholic) New York City Organ Website
- White, Norval & Willensky, Elliot with Leadon, Fran (2010). AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195383867., p.536
- Dunlap, David W. From Abyssinian to Zion. (2004) New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12543-7, p.11
- "Church of All Saints (Roman Catholic), Parish House and School" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
- Remigius Lafort, S.T.D., Censor, The Catholic Church in the United States of America: Undertaken to Celebrate the Golden Jubilee of His Holiness, Pope Pius X. Volume 3: The Province of Baltimore and the Province of New York, Section 1: Comprising the Archdiocese of New York and the Diocese of Brooklyn, Buffalo and Ogdensburg Together with some Supplementary Articles on Religious Communities of Women.. (New York City: The Catholic Editing Company, 1914), p. 309.
- McQuillan, Alice "New York Archdiocese to Close 27 Schools," NBC New York, 11 January 2011 (Accessed 7 February 2011)
- Archdiocese of New York, "Reconfiguration Committee Recommendations Regarding “At-Risk” Schools Accepted By Archdiocese Of New York," Official Press Release, 11 January 2011 (Accessed 7 February 2011)
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