Church of Michael the Archangel, Baku

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Church of Michael the Archangel, Baku
Church of Michael the Archangel
Location Baku, Azerbaijan
Country  Azerbaijan
Denomination Russian Orthodox
Website www.baku.eparhia.ru
History
Former name(s) Flotskaya Church
Founded 1850
Founder(s) Caspian Flotilla
Dedication St. Michael
Architecture
Architectural type Pskov architecture
Completed 1850

Church of Michael the Archangel (Russian: Михайло-Архангельский храм; Azerbaijani: Mixayil Arxangel kilsəsi) or Flotskaya (Church of the Fleet) is a Russian Orthodox church in central Baku, Azerbaijan, on Zargarpalan street.[1] The church is dedicated to St. Michael. The church is serviced by Hegumen Serafim (Bideyev), 3 priests and 1 deacon.[2]

History[edit]

The church used to be among the military churches and belonged to the Caspian Flotilla and was therefore called Flotskaya. Although the exact date of the church's establishment is unknown, the approximate date is 1850, as described in writings of the "Kavkaz" (Caucasus) newspaper published in 1855. The church was built by the Caspian fleet officers in honor of the chief of the navy Alexander Nikolayevich Tsesarevich who along with Russian Emperor Nikolay I visited Baku in 1851. The building follows the Pskov construction style and the prayer room looks like a ship deck.[2] On 15 August 1873, by orders of Alexander II, the Flotskaya Church was transferred to the Military Office for needs of the Salyan Reserve Regiment which arrived from Lenkoran in 1868. In 1875, the management of the church was transferred to the Caspian Eparchy Office. From November 1891 to November 1892 the building underwent renovation works at a cost of 22,000 rubles. In 1906, the church was renamed to "Polkovoya - 262 of Salyan Regiment". It was eventually shut down in 1936 and turned into a communal house during the Soviet rule of Azerbaijan but was later re-opened as a church in 1946, following World War II after the role of religion in bringing victory was recognized by the Soviet authorities.[2] Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II of Moscow visited the church on 25 May 2001.[2]

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