Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, Birkenhead

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Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, Birkenhead
The church from the northwest
Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, Birkenhead is located in Merseyside
Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, Birkenhead
Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, Birkenhead
Location in Merseyside
Coordinates: 53°24′00″N 3°02′30″W / 53.3999°N 3.0416°W / 53.3999; -3.0416
OS grid reference SJ 308 897
Location Cavendish Street, Birkenhead, Wirral, Merseyside
Country England
Denomination Roman Catholic
Website Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, Birkenhead
Architecture
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II
Designated 10 August 1992
Architect(s) E. W. Pugin, Pugin and Pugin
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic Revival
Groundbreaking 1860
Completed 1877
Specifications
Materials Stone, slate roof
Administration
Diocese Shrewsbury

The Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, Birkenhead, is in Cavendish Street, Birkenhead, Wirral, Merseyside, England. It is an active Roman Catholic church in the diocese of Shrewsbury.[1] The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building.[2]

History[edit]

The church was built between 1860 and 1862 to a design by E. W. Pugin. The chancel was added in 1876–77, and was designed by Pugin and Pugin. A planned steeple was not completed. In 1941 the adjacent presbytery was destroyed by bombs, and there was some damage to the east end of the church. The church was restored in 1951 by Reynolds and Sons.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Our Lady's is constructed in stone with Welsh slate roofs. Its plan consists of a nave with a clerestory, north and south aisles – each with two projecting confessionals, a south west porch, an apsidal chancel with lean-to vestries resembling an ambulatory, and a north east tower. At the west end are paired entrances over which is a painted and carved rose in a quatrefoil. Above this is a band of five narrow lancet windows and a large rose window. On the gables are wrought iron cross finials. At the west end of the aisles are paired lancets. Along the sides of the aisles are triple lancet windows in each bay, between which are buttresses. The clerestory windows are wide single lancets. There are more lancet windows at clerestory level around the chancel, with raised letting below.[2] The tower rises only to the height of the eaves.[3] It has a south doorway above which is a niche containing a statue of Mary, on the east side is a rose window, and there is a northeast stair turret.[2]

Inside the church, the reredos of 1895 is by Pugin and Pugin. Lining the apse are two stages of blind arcading, and paintings by Hardman & Co. that were damaged in 1941.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Church of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, Birkenhead, Catholic Directory, retrieved 9 December 2013 
  2. ^ a b c English Heritage, "Roman Catholic Church of Our Lady, Birkenhead (1201599)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 December 2013 
  3. ^ a b c Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971], Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 138, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6