Church of Saint George (Kldisubani)

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Church of Saint George
Քարափի Սուրբ Գևորգ եկեղեցի
კლდისუბნის წმინდა გიორგის ეკლესია
St.George Kldisubani.jpg
The view of the church and Tbilisi Tower.
Church of Saint George (Kldisubani) is located in Georgia (country)
Church of Saint George (Kldisubani)
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Shown within Georgia
Basic information
Location Tbilisi, Old Tbilisi District,
Georgia
Geographic coordinates 41°41′19″N 44°48′24″E / 41.688700°N 44.806642°E / 41.688700; 44.806642Coordinates: 41°41′19″N 44°48′24″E / 41.688700°N 44.806642°E / 41.688700; 44.806642
Affiliation Coat of Arms of Georgian Orthodox Church.svgGeorgian Orthodox Church
Armenian Apostolic Church logo.pngArmenian Orthodox Church [1]
Region Caucasus
District Old Tbilisi District
Status Active
Leadership Father Michael (Kapanadze)
Architectural description
Architectural type Armenian;[1] Church
Architectural style Single-nave church
Completed 1753

The Church of Saint George (Georgian: კლდისუბნის წმ. გიორგის ეკლესია- "Kldisubnis tsminda giorgis eklesia"; Armenian: Քարափի Սուրբ Գևորգ եկեղեցի, or Karapi Surb Gevorg Yekeghetsi,[2] ) is an 18th-century church at the foot of the Narikala citadel in Old Tbilisi, Georgia. The church is single-naved and was built in 1753.[1] Originally an Armenian Apostolic Church, the church has been appropriated by the Georgian Orthodox Church since the early 1990s. The Georgian Orthodox Church claims that the Armenian church was built on the site of an ancient Georgian church which was built during the reign of St. King Vakhtang Gorgasali.[3] The church was reconstructed with the help of Armenian merchant Petros Zohrabian and his wife Lolita and the restoration held by them in 1735, what makes the church one of the most important examples of Georgian-Armenian friendship and cooperation.[3]

History[edit]

The view of the church from the inner garden. Over the pass, cut in the rock, Bolnisi Cross can be seen..

According to the Georgian Orthodox Church[3] the ancient church that stood at the site of the current Church of S. Georgie in Kldisubani was built by S. King Vakhtang Gorgasali and then was part of "mother-castle ensemble".[3] The ensemble "mother-castle" existed of the Church of forty martyrs, monastery of S. Katherine, Big Church of S. George, Church of S. George in Kldisubani, church called "Jris Mama" and lower Bethlemi monastery. The Kldisubani church of st. George has reached modern days with the help of Armenian merchant Petros Zohrabian and his wife Lolita, and the restoration held by them in 1735.[4] In the year 1735 according to the map of prince Vakhushti there was a belltower at the west of the church.

In the beginning of 20th century, there were built some residential buildings on the territory of the Church. During the Soviet era the church was abandoned and used as toy and glue workshop.[3]

Georgian appropriation in early 1990s[edit]

According to Samvel Karapetyan, a prominent Armenian researcher of Armenian architecture, the church was systematically appropriated by the Georgian Orthodox Church shortly after the fall of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s.[2] The appropriation meant the removal of all traces of the Armenian history of the church: The metal Armenian ornamental crosses remained intact on the church's two cupolas until 1990;[2] In April 1990, the crosses that were seen as "Armenian" were removed;[2] In March–April 1990, the church's main altar and another smaller altar used for baptism were destroyed;[2] A khachkar with an inscription that was part of an interior wall was removed sometime between 1990 and 1991;[2] Also, the Armenian inscription on the wall of the northern entrance that attests to the 1753 construction of the church disappeared in 1990.[2]

After the destruction of Armenian architectural elements in the building, the Georgian Orthodox Church renovated the church and sanctified it as a Georgian Orthodox Church on 23 November 1991. Since 2002 restorations are held. The church was strengthened, cleared, was renewed the garden.[3]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Thierry, Jean-Michel (1989). Armenian Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams. p. 586. ISBN 0-8109-0625-2. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Karapetyan, Samvel (1998), The State Policy of Georgia and the Monuments of Armenian Culture (1988-1998) (in Armenian) (1st ed.), Yerevan: Research on Armenian Architecture, p. I-II, ISBN 5-8080-0144-7 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "კლდისუბნის წმ. გიორგის ეკლესია" (in Georgian). orthodoxy.ge. p. 1. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  4. ^ Jean-Michel (1989) Armenian Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 0-8109-0625-2

See also[edit]