Church of St. Alphonsus Liguori, Rome
|Church of St. Alphonsus Liguori
Chiesa di Sant'Alfonso di Liguori all'Esquilino (Italian)
S. Alfonsi in Exquiliis (Latin)
The Church of Saint Alphonsus
|Affiliation||Roman Catholic Church|
|Leadership||Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer|
|Architectural style||Gothic Revival|
The Church of St. Alphonsus Liguori (Chiesa di Sant'Alfonso di Liguori all'Esquilino in Italian) is a church located on the Via Merulana on the Esquiline Hill of Rome, Italy. It is dedicated to St. Alphonsus Liguori, the founder of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, who founded and staff the church, and is one of the thirty-three Doctors of the Church.
The church is one of the rare examples of neo-Gothic architecture in Rome. It is one of the last papal churches of Rome, although the Redemptorists have possession of the church and its related complex.
It was built between 1855 and 1859, designed by the Scottish architect George Wigley. The facade is of brick and travertine and features three doors. In the central tympanum of the door there is a polychrome mosaic depicting Our Lady of Perpetual Help. The facade is further embellished by a rose window.
The interior decorations, rich with marble, date from the end of the nineteenth century, and are by the Bavarian painter and Redemptorist Max Schmalzl (1850-1930). The apse is crowned by a mosaic, put in place in 1964, depicting the Redeemer enthroned between the Virgin Mary and St. Joseph. Below the mosaic hangs the original icon of Our Lady of Perpetual Help, which was produced in Crete in the 14th century and given to the Redemptorists by Pope Pius IX in 1866.
Saint John XXIII named St. Alphonsus a Cardinal Titular Church on 30 December 1960 as SS. Redentore e S. Alfonso in Via Merulana (Most Holy Redeemer and St. Alphonsus on Via Merulana). The following cardinals have served as Cardinal Protectors:
- Joseph Elmer Ritter, (1961-1967)
- José Clemente Maurer, C.Ss.R. (1967-1990)
- Anthony Joseph Bevilacqua, (1991-2012)
- Vincent Nichols, 2014-present
- "Templum Ss.mi Redemptoris et S. Alfonsi in Exquiliis ad tituli Presbyteralis Cardinalicii, dignitatem evehitur.". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 2013-02-27. The Apostolic Constitution Plurima, which established St. Alphonsus as a Titular Church. (in Latin)
- "Cardinal Title: SS. Redentore e S. Alfonso in Via Merulana". Gcatholic.org. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
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