Church of St. George, Sofia
The Church of St George (Bulgarian: Ротонда „Свети Георги“ Rotonda "Sveti Georgi") is an Early Christian red brick rotunda that is considered the oldest building in Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria. It is situated behind the Sheraton Hotel, amid remains of the ancient town of Serdica.
Built by the Romans in the 4th century, it is a cylindrical domed structure built on a square base. It is believed that it was built on the site of a pagan temple, though the original purpose of the building was for public use. The building is famous for the 12th-14th-century frescoes inside the central dome. Three layers of frescoes have been discovered, the earliest dating back to the 10th century. Magnificent frescoes of 22 prophets over 2 metres tall crown the dome. Painted over during the Ottoman period, when the building was used as a mosque, these frescoes were only uncovered and restored in the 20th century.
- Other oldest churches
- Church of St. Apostles Peter and Paul, the oldest church in Serbia
- Church of the Holy Cross, the oldest church in Croatia
- Panagia Ekatontapiliani, the oldest church in Greece
- Densuş Church, the oldest church in Romania
- Tkhaba-Yerdy Church, the oldest church in Russia
- Etchmiadzin Cathedral. Listed among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites, is the oldest church in Armenia and oldest state-built church in the world.
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- (Bulgarian) Gallery with pictures of the church and the ruins
- (Bulgarian) Gallery with pictures of the frescoes of the church
- Богдан Филов, Софийската църква „Св. Георги“, София 1933 (преиздадена 2005).
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