Church of St Luke, Liverpool
|St Luke's Church, Liverpool|
St Luke's Church, Liverpool, from the southeast
|OS grid reference||SJ 353,899|
|Location||Berry Street, Liverpool, Merseyside|
|Status||Former parish church|
|Heritage designation||Grade II*|
|Designated||28 June 1952|
|Architect(s)||John Foster, senior,
John Foster, junior
|Style||Gothic Revival (Perpendicular)|
|Length||177 feet 6 inches (54 m)|
|Width||60 feet (18 m)|
|Other dimensions||Tower height 133 feet (41 m)|
St Luke's Church, Liverpool, is a former Anglican parish church, which is now a ruin. It stands on the corner of Berry Street and Leece Street, looking down the length of Bold Street, Liverpool, Merseyside, England. The church was built between 1811 and 1832, and was designed by John Foster, senior and John Foster, junior, father and son who were successive surveyors for the municipal Corporation of Liverpool. In addition to being a parish church, it was also intended to be used as a venue for ceremonial worship by the Corporation, and as a concert hall. It was badly damaged during the Liverpool Blitz in 1941, and remains as a roofless shell. It now stands as a memorial to those who were lost in the war, and is also a venue for exhibitions and events. The church, and the surrounding walls, gates and railings are protected as Grade II* listed buildings.
The site for the church was given by Lord Derby in 1791 on condition that the land should never be used for any other purpose than that of a church. Plans for the design of the church were first drawn up in 1802 by John Foster, senior, the surveyor of the Corporation of Liverpool, but the foundation stone was not laid until 1811. Building work, supervised by Foster, progressed slowly, and during this time the plans were amended to make the building suitable both as a ceremonial place of worship for members of the Corporation, and also for use as a concert hall. In 1822 it was decided to add a chancel to the church. Foster's son, also named John, took over the role of Corporation surveyor and continued to supervise the building, making further changes to the design in 1827. Building was finally completed in 1832. The church was known as "the doctor's church" because of its location near to Rodney Street, the home of many doctors. It continued to be used as a concert hall as well as a church until the Philharmonic Hall in Hope Street opened in 1849. Between 1864 and 1873 minor alterations were made to the church by W. & G. Audsley.
On 6 May 1941, during the Liverpool Blitz, the church was hit by an incendiary device that caused a large fire, leaving only the burnt-out shell of the former church. It has since been nicknamed "the bombed-out church". It has been decided to maintain the church as it is, a burnt-out shell, as a memorial to those who died as a result of the war. The church was designated as a Grade II* listed building on 28 June 1952. This is the middle of the three grades, which is defined by English Heritage as containing "particularly important buildings of more than special interest".
Originally there were two aisles, and the nave had a groined ceiling, which was "richly ornamented". The whole roof and the arcades separating the aisles from the nave were lost as a result of the bomb damage. The roof of the tower has also been lost. Many of the windows contained stained glass, but now only fragments of glass remain. There was a ring of eight bells, cast in 1818 by William Dobson of Downham Market at a cost of £645 (£40,000 in 2014). As a result of the fire in 1941, five of the bells fell from the tower and the other three were badly cracked. The clock, made by Roskell's of Derby, also fell to the ground. The three-manual pipe organ was also destroyed in the fire. It had been made by Gray and Davison in 1865, and improvements had been made to it by Rushworth and Dreaper in 1902.
St Luke's is constructed in ashlar sandstone, and is in Perpendicular style. Its plan currently consists of a five-bay nave, a four-bay chancel with an apsidal end, and a west tower. There are porches in the angles between the tower and the nave, and between the nave and the chancel. The tower is in three stages, with polygonal buttresses at the corners. The bottom stage of the tower contains a west entrance. In the middle stage, on all sides, are three-light windows, a traceried frieze, and a clock face. In the top stage are four-light windows under ogival hood moulds. At the summit of the tower is a battlemented parapet, with flat-headed pinnacles at the corners. Within the tower is the surviving cast iron bell frame, made in 1828 by George Gilliband. This is considered to be the first metal bell frame to be made in the world. Along the sides of the nave are five three-light windows, separated by panelled buttresses that rise to crocketed pinnacles. The windows at the sides of the chancel also have three lights, and the east window has five lights. The chancel buttresses rise to octagonal finials with flat tops. Inside the church is a surviving brick chancel arch. Under the church is a crypt, which is not accessible to the general public. One of its windows has retained stained glass that depicts a liver bird.
The area around the church has never been used for burials, and was laid out as a garden in 1885. Originally it was enclosed by a solid wall, with doorways under pointed arches. This was replaced between 1829 and 1832 by John Foster, junior, by the current enclosure. This consists of cast iron railings on sandstone plinth walls, and cast iron gates between sandstone piers. Steps lead down on all sides to the surrounding streets. The gate piers are panelled, and have crocketed heads. The whole structure was designated as a Grade II* listed building on 14 March 1975. In the churchyard is the Irish Famine Memorial, sculpted by Aemonn O'Docherty, which has been erected to commemorate the Irishmen who died as a result of the Irish Famine in the middle of the 19th century. It was opened by the President of Ireland in 1998, and carries inscriptions in Gaelic and in English.
Since 2007 Urban Strawberry Lunch, who make music on everyday objects, have been artists in residence at St Luke's, and produce events under the title "Lunch at St Lukes". In addition to musical events, they arrange exhibitions, and performances of films, dance, poetry, and drama.
- Welcome, St Luke's Church, Liverpool, retrieved 9 April 2013
- English Heritage, "Church of St Luke, Liverpool (1280622)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Sharples, Joseph; Pollard, Richard (2004), Liverpool, Pevsner Architectural Guides, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 197–199, ISBN 0-300-10258-5
- Henley, Darren; McKernan, Vincent (2009), The Original Liverpool Sound: The Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Society, Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, p. 29, ISBN 978-1-84631-224-3
- The Destruction, St Luke's Church, Liverpool, retrieved 9 April 2013
- Listed Buildings, English Heritage, retrieved 10 April 2013
- Stained Glass, St Luke's Church, Liverpool, retrieved 9 April 2013
- UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
- The Bells, St Luke's Church, Liverpool, retrieved 9 April 2013
- Lancashire (Merseyside), Liverpool, St. Luke in the City (N10835), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 9 April 2013
- The Crypt, St Luke's Church, Liverpool, retrieved 9 April 2013
- English Heritage, "Railings, plinth walls, gates, piers and steps at Church of St Luke, Liverpool (1068380)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Irish Famine Memorial, Liverpool Walks, retrieved 9 April 2013
- Irish Famine Memorial, Liverpool Monuments, retrieved 9 April 2013
- Anon, Irish Influences in Liverpool (pdf), p. 4, retrieved 10 April 2013
- Lunch at St Lukes, Urban Strawberry Lunch, retrieved 9 April 2013
- St. Luke's... cinema?, Trinity Mirror North West & North Wales, retrieved 9 April 2013
- St Luke's (bombed out) Church, Liverpool City Region Local Enterprise Partnership, retrieved 9 April 2013
Media related to St Lukes, Berry Street, Liverpool at Wikimedia Commons