Church of St. Nicholas, Vukovar

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Church of St Nicholas
Hram svetog Nikole
Храм светог Николе

Church of St Nicholas
Church of St Nicholas is located in Vukovar-Syrmia County
Church of St Nicholas
Church of St Nicholas
Shown within Vukovar-Syrmia County
45°21′5″N 19°00′7″E / 45.35139°N 19.00194°E / 45.35139; 19.00194
Location Vukovar, Vukovar-Syrmia County
Country  Croatia
Denomination Serbian Orthodox
History
Dedication St Nicholas
Architecture
Status Church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Register of Cultural Goods of Croatia
Style Baroque
Administration
Archdiocese Eparchy of Osječko polje and Baranja

Church of St Nicholas (Serbian: Hram svetog Nikole, Serbian Cyrillic: Храм светог Николе) in Vukovar is Serbian Orthodox church in eastern Croatia. Church is one of the oldest baroque buildings of the Serbian community north of the Sava River.[1]

Architecture[edit]

St Nicholas is nave building with an apse and bell tower at the main facade.[2] The main front in the central part is slightly accentuated, processed by single and doubled pilasters, cornices and attic wavy line on the edges of a classicist vases.[2] Slender tower that emphasize edge pilasters ending baroque arches with the lantern.[2] Vaulted nave of the church is divided into four bays, which are separated by a wide archivolts resting on Ionic capitals, while the semi-dome-vaulted sanctuary.[2] The bell tower, which was completed in 1767, is 37 meters high.[3]

History[edit]

Present church was built in the period from 1733 till 1737.[4]The church is built on location of old wooden church from 1690.[5][4] The church was closed and looted during the World War II (1941-1942), and in 1991 interior of the church was dynamited by the local Croatian armed units in the city.[4] Of the total 1991 pre-war internal inventory there is kept only 39 icons, 3 gospels and part of archive and church vessels.[3] Reconstruction of external damage is completed, while the restoration of the interior is still in progress.

Inventory[edit]

St Nicholas inventory along church itself, is stated separately in Register of Cultural Goods of Croatia as a collection protected cultural property.[2] Collection is composed of Baroque iconostasis from 1757, 17 icons from 1760, 23 books printed in Moscow in the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries - two of which are valuable octoechos from 1537, liturgical vessels, two choirs, the bishop's and the Virgin thrones, pews from the 18th century and table for communion.[2]

Serbian Home Vukovar[edit]

Serbian Home Vukovar building still waite for restoration

The original Serbian Home (Serbian: Srpski dom, Serbian Cyrillic: Српски дом) building in Vukovar was build in 1733. for the needs of the Serbian Russo-Slavic School.[4] The original building was destroyed in a fire in 1822 in which burned 300 buildings in Vukovar.[3] New committee for building of Serbian Home in Vukovar was established in 1903 and works have been completed in 1905.[3] Building was also seat of Serbian Singing Society "Javor". During the World War II building was taken over by Nazis and Ustashe who established at as a Town Command Center.[3] They changed building name into Adolf Hitler Home and destroyed Serbian Cyrillic inscription Српски дом from the top of building.[3] During Socialist Yugoslavia building belonged to Velepromet company and today it is subject to ownership dispute between the town and Serbian Orthodox Church.[3] Since 1991 building temporary facility religious rites until church interior will be renovated.[4][3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Konstrukcija poslijeratnog prostora:Simbolička izgradnja Vukovara, Mateo Žanić, Institutu društvenih znanosti Ivo Pilar, POLEMOS: časopis za interdisciplinarna istraživanja rata i mira, Vol.XI No.22 Srpanj 2008.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Ministarstvo kulture-pretraživanje kulturnih dobara". Retrieved 2013-03-30. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Православни храмови источне Славоније, Барање и западног Срема /14/" (PDF). Joint Council of Municipalities. p. 20. Retrieved 2014-03-05. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "KULTURNO ISTORIJSKI SPOMENICI, ZGRADA SRPSKOG DOMA U VUKOVARU and -RODNA KUĆA I CRKVA U KOJOJ JE KRŠTEN ZAHARIJE ORFELIN U VUKOVARU". Consulate General of Serbia in Vukovar. Retrieved 2014-03-05. 
  5. ^ Konstrukcija poslijeratnog prostora:Simbolička izgradnja Vukovara, Mateo Žanić, Institutu društvenih znanosti Ivo Pilar, POLEMOS: časopis za interdisciplinarna istraživanja rata i mira, Vol.XI No.22 Srpanj 2008.