Vytautas' the Great Church

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Vytautas' the Great Church of the Assumption of The Holy Virgin Mary
Vytauto Didžiojo Mergelės Marijos ėmimo į dangų bažnyčia
Church of Vytautas the Great in Kaunas.jpg
Church of Vytautas the Great
Basic information
Location Kaunas, Lithuania
Geographic coordinates 54°89'50" N, 23°88'65" E
Affiliation Roman Catholic
District Old Town
Year consecrated 1400
Website vytautine.lcn.lt
Architectural description
Architectural type Church
Architectural style Late Gothic and Brick Gothic
Direction of façade West
Completed 1400
Specifications
Materials clay bricks

Vytautas' the Great Church of the Assumption of The Holy Virgin Mary (Lithuanian: Vytauto Didžiojo bažnyčia) is a Roman Catholic church in the Old Town of Kaunas, Lithuania, and is one of the oldest churches in the city.

History[edit]

The church was built on the north bank of the Neman River around 1400 for Franciscan monks and foreign merchants. It was ordered and funded by Vytautas the Great as a commendation to the Blessed Virgin Mary for saving his life after a major defeat in the Battle of the Vorskla River.

Being quite close to the river the church has suffered many times from spring floods. In 1812 it was burned by French troops. The Franciscan monastery was closed by Russian administration after the November Uprising. In 1845 the Catholic Church was closed and later was rebuilt and reopened as an Orthodox church. From 1903 it served as military barracks. In 1915 Germans organised a warehouse here. The building returned to the Catholic Church in 1919 and underwent major renovation works in 1931–1938, and again in 1978–1982.

Church within the city of Kaunas.

Architecture[edit]

The church was constructed in Gothic style and is an example of the Lithuanian Brick Gothic architecture. The church layout of the Latin cross is unique in the Lithuanian Gothic. Over the years the ground level around the church has been raised significantly and the façades became lower; to compensate for this, the windows were shortened and the side portals were removed.[1] The bell tower was added later and has probably been used to guide ships navigating the Neman River.

Lithuanian writer Juozas Tumas-Vaižgantas (1869–1933) is buried in the crypt of the church.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Minkevičius, Jonas (1988). Lietuvos architektūros istorija. I dalis. (in Lithuanian). Vilnius Mokslas. p. 126. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°53′42″N 23°53′11″E / 54.8950°N 23.8865°E / 54.8950; 23.8865