Church of the Covenant (Boston)

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Central Congregational Church
Location 67 Newbury Street, Boston, MA
Coordinates 42°21′07.00″N 71°4′26.00″W / 42.3519444°N 71.0738889°W / 42.3519444; -71.0738889Coordinates: 42°21′07.00″N 71°4′26.00″W / 42.3519444°N 71.0738889°W / 42.3519444; -71.0738889
Built 1867
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 12001012[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 17, 2012
Designated NHL October 17, 2012

The Church of the Covenant (a merger of Central Congregational Church and First Presbyterian Church) is a Boston, Massachusetts, landmark, built in 1865-1867 by the Central Congregational Church and now affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (USA) and the United Church of Christ.

History[edit]

Built of Roxbury puddingstone in Gothic Revival style it was one of the first churches to relocate in the new Back Bay and was built largely with funds donated by Benjamin E. Bates, an industrialist who founded Bates College.[2] Designed by Richard M. Upjohn, the son and partner of Richard Upjohn, who insisted on "a high gothic edifice ... which no ordinary dwelling house would overtop."[3] It has a 240-foot (73 m) high steeple, that overtops the Bunker Hill Monument. Oliver Wendell Holmes said: "We have one steeple in Boston that to my eyes seems absolutely perfect--that of the Central Church on the corner of Newbury and Berkeley Streets."[4] In the 1890s the sanctuary was redecorated by Tiffany Glass and Decorating Co. with stained-glass windows and mosaics and an electric-light chandelier designed by Tiffany's Jacob Adolphus Holzer for the World's Columbian Exhibition, Chicago, 1893.

The Church of the Covenant is located at 67 Newbury Street. It was known as the "Central Church" until 1932 when the Central Congregational Church merged with the First Presbyterian Church of Boston creating the Church of the Covenant, which is now affiliated with both the Presbyterian Church (USA) and the United Church of Christ.[5]

In October 2012 the church building was designated a National Historic Landmark (as "Central Congregational Church") in recognition of its unique interior decorations.[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. 
  2. ^ Oren Cheney, "Eulogy on the Life of Benjamin Edward Bates," Bates Student, June, 1878, 131-149, (Muskie Archives and Special Collections Library, Bates College) (part 2).
  3. ^ "Church of the Covenant:Tiffany Windows" quoting from the church records
  4. ^ Holmes, Oliver Wendell (1887) One Hundred Days in Europe Houghton, Mifflin, Boston, OCLC 41390076
  5. ^ "Church of the Covenant" The Pluralism Project
  6. ^ "Interior Designates 27 New National Landmarks". Retrieved 2012-11-04. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Park Street Church
Tallest Building in Boston
1867–1915
72 m
Succeeded by
Custom House Tower