Church of the Holy Name of Jesus, Manchester
|Holy Name Church|
|Church of the Holy Name of Jesus, Chorlton on Medlock|
View of the entrance
|OS grid reference||SJ8475796438|
|Founded||October 15, 1871|
|Founder(s)||Bishop William Turner|
|Dedication||Holy Name of Jesus|
|Status||Chapel of ease|
|Heritage designation||Grade I|
|Designated||18 December 1963|
|Architect(s)||J. A. Hansom and Son|
|Length||186 ft (57 m)|
|Width||122 ft (37 m)|
|Spire height||185 ft (56 m)|
|Parish||St. Augustine Church|
|Bishop(s)||Rt. Rev. Terence Brain|
|Rector||Fr Ian Tomlinson SJ|
|Priest in charge||Fr Tim Byron SJ|
|Priest(s)||Fr William Pearsall SJ|
|Director of music||Mr Gregory O'Connor|
|Organist(s)||Mr Simon Leach|
|Music group(s)||Mrs Sarah Insall|
|Parish administrator||Br Ken Vance SJ|
The Church of the Holy Name of Jesus is located on Oxford Road in the heart of Manchester University's campus in Manchester, England. It was built between 1869 and 1871 and designed by Joseph A. Hansom & Son. The tower, designed by Adrian Gilbert Scott, was erected in 1928 in memory of the rector, Fr Bernard Vaughan, SJ. The church was granted Grade I listed building status on 5 April 1989, upgraded from Grade II*, which was granted on 18 December 1963.
As well as the growing middle-classes, Manchester was home to a large and expanding population of Irish immigrants, lured by cotton manufacturing and the consequences of the Great Irish Famine. In the area known as Little Ireland (a stretch of low grade amenity terraced housing built to serve the urban poor in the city centre), perceived un-godliness was a growing trend. The Parish of St Mary's, Mulberry Street, was unable to cope; in 20 years, 13 priests had succumbed to typhus, whilst working amongst the city's poor.
The Jesuits had a formidable record of outreach and missionary work, and this was put to good use. Whilst he was rector from 1888 to 1901, Fr Bernard Vaughan SJ took part in a series of debates with the Anglican Bishop of Manchester, James Moorhouse, over rival claims of the Catholic Church in England and Wales and the Church of England to be the Catholic Church in England and successor of St. Augustine. In their jubilation at Vaughan's triumph, the young men of the Holy Name pulled his carriage from the city centre all the way to the church.
Bishop Turner was keen to have a church in Chorlton-on-Medlock staffed with priests who could meet the demands of intellectual, apologetic and controversial needs of Manchester. Jesuits from St Helens came to settle, at first in a temporary church (now the site of the Holy Name Hall, which has since been sold). Holy Name was made a parish church to serve the growing populations of the parishes of Longsight and Chorlton-on-Medlock, as villas were replaced by streets as the population of industrial Manchester grew. The construction of the building re-inforced the power of the Jesuit order and the revived confidence of the English Catholics. It is the largest church in Manchester, and dominates the surrounding area.
The church's's dimensions and proportions are on the scale of a 14th-century cathedral; it is 186 feet long east to west and 112 feet wide. The architect Joseph Aloysius Hansom (who gave his name to the Hansom Cab) based the building on Frankish Gothic styles of France. Sir Nikolaus Pevsner described it as
"...a design of the very highest quality and of an originality nowhere demonstrative; ... Hansom never again did so marvellous a church."
Although mediaeval in appearance, it is a counter-Reformation church, designed to teach the faith through its external liturgical and devotional manifestation. It gives maximum exposure to the solemn celebration of the Mass (a raised altar near the congregation with no rood screen, and a shallow, broad sanctuary), the cult of the Eucharist (the eye is first carried to the tabernacle and the expositon throne above), preaching (a large pulpit to place the preacher intimately in the congregation), and the hearing of confessions (the whole north side is taken up with confessionals designed for long hours of priestly ministration). Consequently, the pillars in the church are unusually slender, accomplished by making the roof of the church from hollow terracotta tubes.
Built in brick, it is clad in brushed Warwick stone. It has been suggested that Hansom's original design called for a broad steeple 73 feet high. In 1928 the tower was built, designed by Adrian Gilbert Scott.
The nave can accommodate 800 worshippers. Small chapels adorn the left hand side, along with the baptistery towards the west. On the north side are confessionals, each with a fireplace. Between the confessions and the chapels are the Stations of the Cross. Throughout the church there are devotional statues and images.
At Holy Name Mass is celebrated in Latin and English. The celebration of the liturgy is designed to be catechetical, with solemn ritual, music, hymns, a familiar preaching style and Sunday mass lasts about an hour. Weekday Masses are designed to suit the student timetable 1.05pm and 6.00pm in Avila House chapel. Each lunch time there is exposition of the Blessed Sacrament and a Benediction, during which confessions are heard.
The organ is located at the west end of the nave. Built in 1871 by William Hill & Son of London, it has 48 speaking stops over three-manuals and pedals. It was restored in 2004 and is maintained by David Wells of Liverpool. The lead pipes on the front of the case are ornately diapered. Above the organ and choir loft are two gilded angels. The organ pipes were restored to their original colour scheme, lighter shades of red and green with gold motifs.
Music for the Solemn Mass follows the decrees of the Vatican, and utilises Gregorian chant and polyphony on Sundays (with congregational English hymns), and for major solemnities there are classical organ and orchestral settings from the 17th to the 21st century.
The Jesuits had intended gave up the parish in 1985 when church was in need of significant and expensive repair, the congregation had dwindled because of local shifts in housing and demographics and the church was closed for most of the day. The diocese did not want it, and so the major superiors of England and Wales were asked to consider its viability. A community of secular priests and lay brothers (an Oratory of St Philip in Formation) came to Manchester in 1992 and since then the church has been in the process of massive renovation project. It is open every daily and congregational numbers have increased.
In September 2012, it was announced that the Jesuits would return to Manchester to take over the chaplaincy to the Universities and Royal Northern College of Music and the church, and that the community at the Holy Name under Fr Raymond Matus would be relocated to St Chad, Cheetham Hill where Bishop Terence Brain had granted them permission to establish a Congregation of the Oratory of Saint Philip Neri.
- Society of Jesus
- Diocese of Salford
- Manchester University
- Grade I listed churches in Greater Manchester
- List of churches in Greater Manchester
- Directory, Diocese of Salford Retrieved 29 January 2013
- Harris, Penelope, The Architectural Achievement of Joseph Aloysius Hansom (1803-1882), Designer of the Hansom Cab, Birmingham Town Hall and Churches of the Catholic Revival (The Edwin Mellen Press, 2010).
- British Listed Buildings Retrieved 29 January 2013
- History, Hidden Gem Church, Manchester Retrieved 29 January 2013
- Holy Name Church, Oxford Road, Manchester History Retrieved 29 January 2013
- Vaughan's Sermon a Paean of Praise, New York Times Archive Retrieved 29 January 2013
- Pevsner, Nikolaus, Lancashire: Manchester & the South-East (2004) ISBN 978-0-300-10583-4
- "Holy Name of Jesus, Manchester - The Organ".
- "The National Pipe Organ Register - Holy Name of Jesus, Manchester".
- "The Manchester Oratory by Holy Name". Retrieved 2 September 2012.
- The Holy Name of Jesus official Site
- Details from listed building database (454843) - church - Grade I. Images of England. English Heritage.
- Details from listed building database (456063) - presbytery - Grade II. Images of England. English Heritage.