Church of the Province of West Africa
|Church of the Province of West Africa|
|Territory||Cameroon, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone|
The Church of the Province of West Africa is a province of the Anglican Communion, covering 17 dioceses in eight countries of West Africa, specifically in Cameroon, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Senegal and Sierra Leone. Ghana is the country with most dioceses, now numbering 11. The previous primate of the province was Archbishop Solomon Tilewa Johnson, of Gambia, who died unexpectedly on 21 January 2014.
Missionary work began in Ghana in 1752. The Church of the Province of West Africa was established in 1951 by the bishops of five West African dioceses, with the consent of the Archbishop of Canterbury. In February 1979, the new Church of Nigeria was inaugurated, while the Dioceses of Accra, Kumasi, Liberia, Gambia and Guinea and Sierra Leone (later Freetown) continued in the Province of West Africa. In 1981 the new missionary diocese of Bo was inaugurated and four new Dioceses of Cape Coast, Koforidua, Sekondi and Sunyani/Tamale were formed. The Diocese of Asante Mampong, previously a suffragan see to Kumasi, was inaugurated in November 2014. Today, the Church exists in areas of civil unrest where Christians remain a minority.
Today, there are over one million Anglicans out of an estimated population of 35 million.
The polity of the Church of the Province of West Africa is episcopal church governance, which is the same as other Anglican churches. The church maintains a system of geographical parishes organized into dioceses. There are 17 dioceses, each headed by a bishop.
- Anglican Diocese of Accra - Daniel Torto
- Anglican Diocese of Asante Mampong - Cyril Kobina Ben-Smith
- Anglican Diocese of Bo – Emmanuel Tucker
- Anglican Diocese of Cameroon – Dibo Thomas-Babyngton Elango
- Anglican Diocese of Cape Coast – Dan Allotey
- Anglican Diocese of Freetown – Thomas Arnold Ikunika Wilson
- Anglican Diocese of Gambia – vacant
- Anglican Diocese of Guinea – Jacques Boston
- Anglican Diocese of Ho – Matthias Mededues-Badohu
- Anglican Diocese of Koforidua – Francis Quashie
- Anglican Diocese of Kumasi – Daniel Sarfo
- Episcopal Diocese of Liberia – Jonathan B. Hart
- Anglican Diocese of Sekondi – J. K. Otoo
- Anglican Diocese of Sunyani – Festus Yeboah Asuamah
- Anglican Diocese of Tamale – Emmanuel A. Arongo
- Anglican Diocese of Wiawso – Abraham Kobina Ackah
- Anglican Diocese of Dunkwa-on-Offin – Dawson-Amoah
Worship and liturgy
The Church of the Province of West Africa embraces three orders of ministry: deacon, priest, and bishop. A local variant of the Book of Common Prayer is used.
Doctrine and practice
- Jesus Christ is fully human and fully God. He died and was resurrected from the dead.
- Jesus provides the way of eternal life for those who believe.
- The Old and New Testaments of the Bible were written by people "under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit". The Apocrypha are additional books that are used in Christian worship, but not for the formation of doctrine.
- The two great and necessary sacraments are Holy Baptism and Holy Eucharist
- Other sacramental rites are confirmation, ordination, marriage, reconciliation of a penitent, and unction.
- Belief in heaven, hell, and Jesus's return in glory.
The threefold sources of authority in Anglicanism are scripture, tradition, and reason. These three sources uphold and critique each other in a dynamic way. This balance of scripture, tradition and reason is traced to the work of Richard Hooker, a sixteenth-century apologist. In Hooker's model, scripture is the primary means of arriving at doctrine and things stated plainly in scripture are accepted as true. Issues that are ambiguous are determined by tradition, which is checked by reason.
The Church of the Province of West Africa was one of the first Anglican provinces to break communion with the Episcopal Church of the United States over the question of allowing the blessing of same-sex unions and non-celibate homosexual clergy. The Episcopal Diocese of Liberia continues, nevertheless, in full communion. The Church of the Province of West Africa has been active in the Anglican realignment as a member of the Fellowship of Confessing Anglicans and the Global South. Archbishop Solomon Tilewa Johnson attended Global Anglican Future Conference (GAFCON II), that took place in Nairobi, Kenya, from 21 to 26 October 2013.
- See http://www.anglicannews.org/news/2014/11/a-new-diocese-for-west-africa.aspx Inauguration of Diocese of Asante Mampong, retrieved December 2014
- "Listening in Scripture foundation for listening". anglicanlistening.org. Archived from the original on 2008-07-05. Retrieved 2014-06-05. Detail on how scripture, tradition, and reason work to "uphold and critique each other in a dynamic way".
- "Church of the Province of West Africa". oikoumene.org. World Council of Churches. 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-01-25. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- "Condolences on the death of Archbishop Johnson of West Africa". acl.asn.au. Sydney: Anglican Church League. 2014-01-24. Archived from the original on 2014-01-26. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
- Neill, Stephen (1993) . Anglicanism (Reprint of 1977 4th ed.). New York [u.a.]: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0195200330.
- Church of the Province of West Africa at the Anglican Communion Official Website
- Anglican Diocese of Asante Mampong
- Episcopal Diocese of Liberia
- Historical resources on Anglicanism in Sierra Leone