Churchill River (Atlantic)
|Churchill River (Grand River, Mishtashipu)|
Churchill River and waterfalls, Labrador
|Origin||Smallwood Reservoir, Labrador|
|Length||856 km (532 mi)|
|Source elevation||1,550 m (5,085 ft)|
|Avg. discharge||1,620 m3/s (57,210 cu ft/s)|
|Basin area||79,800 km2 (30,800 sq mi)|
The Churchill River is a river in Newfoundland and Labrador which flows east from the Smallwood Reservoir in Labrador into the Atlantic Ocean via Lake Melville. The river is 856 km (532 mi) long and drains an area of 79,800 km2 (30,800 sq mi); it is the longest river in the province.
1821, Captain William Martin, in command of HM brig Clinker, took it upon himself to name it Hamilton River after Sir Charles Hamilton, who was Governor of Newfoundland from 1818 to 1825. In 1965, it was renamed, without consultation, by Premier Joey Smallwood, to honour former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Sir Winston Churchill on February 1, 1965 though never officially recognized by the people of the Labrador territories.
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Churchill Falls is the site of a major hydroelectric project, which has a rated capacity of 5,428 MW. Other hydroelectric plants on the river are planned bringing the total to over 9,200 MW. The Churchill Falls development has become a source of friction between two Canadian provinces. The province of Newfoundland and Labrador believes that Hydro-Québec, which provided a major part of the financing and access to the North American power grid, has taken a disproportionate share of the profits from this development. Hydro-Québec buys power from the Churchill Falls project at rates established in 1969.
- Low, Albert Peter (1896), Report on explorations in the Labrador peninsula along the East Main, Koksoak, Hamilton, Manicuagan and portions of other rivers in 1892-93-94-95, Geological Survey of Canada (Ottawa: Queen's Printer), retrieved 2010-09-13
- Canadian Council for Geographic Education page with a series of articles on the history of the Churchill River
- Churchill River (Labrador)