Churchtown, Dublin

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Churchtown (Irish: Baile an Teampaill) is a largely residential suburb on the southside of Dublin, Ireland, between Dundrum and Rathfarnham. It is in the postal districts Dublin 14 and Dublin 16.

Dublin 14, which includes Churchtown, shown in green

Landmarks[edit]

Ely's Arch[edit]

Ely's Arch

Braemor Road is still marked by a triumphal arch from the 18th century, which originally led to Rathfarnham Castle. The erection of this gateway is attributed to Henry Loftus, Earl of Ely from 1769 to 1783 who was also responsible for the classical work on the castle itself. The arch is named the new gate on Frizell’s map of 1779. After the division of the estate in 1913 the arch became the entrance to the Castle Golf Club but was later abandoned in favour of the more direct Woodside Drive entrance. The arch is located at the bottom of the 'big hill' which gave the name to the road, "Brae Mor". 'Bré' means 'hill' in Irish while 'mor' is the Irish for 'big' the name is used in an anglicised spelling as 'Braemor'. An alternative explanation of the name is more likely to be true: Braemor Road was developed in the late 40s and early 50s by builders called Brady and Morgan. They conflated the names, and adopted a spelling which mimics Braemar in Scotland.

Bottle Tower[edit]

Bottle Tower

The Bottle Tower (or Hall's Barn) is a structure on Whitehall Road. It was built by Major Hall in 1742 in imitation of the better constructed Wonderful Barn erected about the same period near Leixlip. The floors and other timber work have long disappeared and the winding stone steps are not considered safe to ascend. While the ground floor may have been used as a barn, the first and second floors appear to have been residential as they are both fitted with fireplaces. A smaller structure behind the barn, built on somewhat similar lines was a pigeon house.

The old house named Whitehall, which was demolished some years ago, stood adjacent to the barn. It was also built by Major Hall around the same time. In 1778 it became the residence of Rev. Jeremy Walsh, curate of Dundrum, and in 1795 it was converted into a boarding house by Mr. Ml. Kelly. A newspaper advertisement in 1816 invites enquiries from prospective visitors. In a description written in the last century the old-fashioned kitchen and panelled staircase are specially noted.

Lewis' Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837) features many of the old houses in Churchtown under the reference village of Rathfarnham. The houses include Landscape, of H. O'Callaghan, Esq.; Whitehall, of W. P. Matthews, Esq.; Newtown, of John Kirby, Esq., LL.D., M.D., in the grounds of which there are some very fine evergreens. Also included is Barton Lodge, of W. Conlan, Esq. which probably gave the name of Barton Road, Rathfarnam and Barton Road East, Churchtown. Nutgrove, of P. Jones, Esq. which was suituated on Nutgrove Avenue, half way between the Good Shepherd church and Rathfarnam village and Whitehall, of T. Laffan, Esq., an out-office of which is built in the shape of a pottery furnace, with a winding flight of steps on the outside to the top, whence there is a commanding prospect of the surrounding country repeats our description of the Bottle Tower.[1]

Rocque’s 1760 map of Dublin shows Newtown House at the bottom on the South Dublin county council historical map site. To the left of Newtown (or south) and along The Glen river would be Landscape House and Whitehall House. Above these (or west) would be Nutgtrove House – half way to Rathfarnam village.[2]

Taylor's 1816 map of the environs of Dublin gives a view of Churchtown, east of Ely’s Demense. This shows the present Landscape area, Newtown House (now Villas), Whitehall and Whitebarn. Landscape Road features between the Glen River and Newtown House and this seems to swing left onto modern day Braemor Road before meeting the modern day Dodder Park Road at Ely’s Arch. Nutgrove School also features, then The Ponds and further south is Barton Lane.

William Duncan's maps of the county of Dublin (1821) you can see White Barn and Newtown Villas. To the left of Newtown is a large house on what probably became Braemor Park. This was possibly Fetherstonaugh House which became the Church of Ireland Theological College or more likely Ardavon House which was the original Mount Carmel hospital building.

Berwick House[edit]

Berwick House

Berwick House is a tall building at the bend in Whitehall Road. Recently occupied by the De La Salle Brothers, it seems to be identical to a house named Waxfield where the death is recorded in 1766 of John Lamprey. In 1836 it was known as Hazelbrook, a name which was later transferred to the nearby, now defunct, Hughes Brothers milk bottling plant. The Hughes Brothers original house, built in 1898, and called Hazelbrook House,[3] was rebuilt in the Bunratty Folk Park in 2001. From 1844 to 1899 it was known as Bachelor's Hall, after which it became the headquarters of a Charitable Institution under the name of Berwick Home. In 1944 it again became a private residence and the name was changed to Berwick House.

The Ponds[edit]

Loreto Terrace on the north side of Rathfarnam's Loreto Abbey was formerly known as "the Ponds", a name originating apparently from the large pond which two hundred years ago occupied the low lying field between Loreto Terrace and Nutgrove Avenue. This area was described in Weston St. John Joyce's The Neighbourhood of Dublin in 1912 as the "dilapidated locality known as the Ponds" but it has since been largely rebuilt. An old photograph from Larry O'Connor's collection shows what it looked like at that time. The last of the old houses was demolished in the mid-1980s. It was a very early 18th century gabled residence named Grove Cottage and was probably the oldest occupied house in Dublin. This place was the scene of a skirmish at the outbreak of the rising of 1798. The insurgents of the south county assembled at the Ponds on 24 May 1798 under the leadership of David Keely, James Byrne, Edward Keogh and Ledwich. The latter two had been members of Lord Ely's yeomanry but had taken to the field with the United Irishmen. The insurgents were attacked by the local yeomanry corps but were able to defend themselves and the yeomanry was forced to retreat. A party of regular troops was then sent against them and a stiff encounter took place. A number of the insurgents were killed or wounded and some prisoners taken including Keogh and Ledwich. The survivors retreated, joining up with a party from Clondalkin, and a further engagement took place at the turnpike on the Rathcoole road where the enemy was successfully repulsed.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

Based on the 2006 Census, the population of Churchtown is 8,736, a small decrease from the 2002 census. The break-out by electoral area is as follows: Churchtown-Castle 1,244 Churchtown-Landscape 1,198 Churchtown-Nutgrove 3,100 Churchtown-Orwell 1,871 Churchtown-Woodlawn 1,323 For further information see the CSO.i.e. website [2]

Amenities[edit]

Churchtown has a number of shops and pubs, including a mid-size supermarket,[4] which has one of Dublin's few kosher sales facilities. It is also one of Dublin's centres for the driving test with the highest pass rate in the county, the ninth highest in Ireland, at 48.31%[5]

Nutgrove Shopping Centre[edit]

Nutgrove Shopping Centre was opened in October 1984 in what was then still a rural part of Dublin. The site for the shopping centre was located on part of the old Lamb's Jam orchards.

The centre included Ireland’s first drive through restaurant when McDonald's opened a branch there. The American style experience of driving up to the window, ordering your food and driving away was a novelty at the time.

There were other firsts when Nutgrove, including the country’s first social welfare services office was located in a shopping mall.[6]

Religion[edit]

St. Nahi's church and graveyard

The suburb of Churchtown is probably named after St. Nahi's Church (Church of Ireland) just off the Churchtown road. It is more easily viewed these days from the William Dargan Bridge, close to Dundrum village. St. Nahi's was rebuilt several times—in 950, 1650 and 1750. The present restoration was completed in 1910. The public housing flats in Churchtown, across from the Bottle Tower pub, are named St. Nathy's after the church.

The local Roman Catholic church is the Good Shepherd Church.[7] It was the site of the state funeral of former Taoiseach Sean Lemass, who lived on Hillside Drive.

The Church of Ireland Theological Institute (the theological seminary of the Church of Ireland)[8] and the Representative Church Body Library (the central library of the Church of Ireland)[9] are both on Braemor Park, Churchtown.

The Quakers have a Meeting House on the Lower Churchtown Road.[10]

Education[edit]

The Good Shepherd National School is a co-educational national school in the parish of Churchtown[11] while the boys' secondary school is De La Salle College. The De La Salle Brothers are the trustees of the college and it is under the control of a Board of Management.[12] Famous past pupils include Damien Duff of the Republic of Ireland national football team, and of Fulham FC. Jim Stynes who won an All-Ireland Minor (under 18) football championship medal for Dublin in 1984, and the Brownlow medal in Australian Rules Football in 1991. Jim's younger brother, Brian Stynes, also went to De La Salle College; he won a senior All Ireland football medal for Dublin in 1995. Des Fitzgerald, the former Irish international prop forward and father of current international player Luke, is a past pupil of DLS National and DLS College. He played in Croke Park in 1968 as a member of the DLS N.S. Gaelic football team and in Landowne Road for the DLS Senior Rugby team later in 1975. Another player on both teams was John Treacy, the former Dublin Hurling full back and father of current Dublin Hurling star, David Treacy.

The local girls' secondary school is Notre Dame de Missions,[13] one of whose alumni is Mary Lou McDonald, the current Vice President of Sinn Féin and a Teachta Dála (TD).

Mary Lou MacDonald

McDonald was a Member of the European Parliament (MEP), from 2004–2009 representing the Dublin constituency (Leaving Certificate class of 1988).

The De La Salle Preparatory School, now closed, was located in Camberley House (also known as Inish More or Inish Ealga) on the Churchtown Road Upper. A previous owner was the widow of Eamon Ceannt,[14] one of the signatories of the Proclamation of the Irish Republic. Camberley House was bought for the De La Salle boys' school and later developed as the preparatory school when the secondary school moved to its present location.

Health[edit]

Mount Carmel Hospital on Braemor Park was acquired by the Mount Carmel Medical Group in 2006. The hospital offered a variety of medical services from maternity care and specialist clinics to surgery and a dedicated orthopaedic unit.[15] In January 2014 it was announced that the hospital was closing. Mount Carmel Medical (South Dublin Ltd), which owns the hospital, is insolvent and unable to pay its debts.[16] The last baby born on Friday 7 Feb 2014[17]

Politics[edit]

Churchtown is part of the Dáil Éireann constituency of Dublin South. Although most of Churchtown is part of the Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County Council area, because the parish originated from Rathfarnam Parish, many of the historical aspects can be viewed at the South Dublin County Council website[18][19]

Ice Cream[edit]

Churchtown's greatest claim to fame was HB Dairy – the home of the country's favourite ice cream. HB Ice Cream was named after the Hughes Brothers dairy and was produced at Hazelbrook Farm, across the road from the Good Shepherd national school until recently.[20]

People[edit]

  • Joseph Ainsworth, Assistant Garda Commissioner (retired).[21]
  • Séamus Brennan 16 February 1948 – 9 July 2008, senior Irish Fianna Fáil politician and a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Dublin South constituency.
  • William Tankerville Chamberlain (1751-1802), judge, lived in Churchtown.
  • Ruth Coppinger, Dublin West TD, was born and raised in Churchtown.
  • Dick Farrelly is best remembered for his song "The Isle of Innisfree". On a bus journey from his native Kells, County Meath Dick got the inspiration for his now timeless composition and by the time he reached Dublin he had written the words & music of "The Isle of Innisfree". The melody was used as the main theme of the film, The Quiet Man.
  • Fionnuala Flanagan born December 10, 1941. The Emmy Award-winning and Tony Award-nominated actress who has worked extensively in theatre, film and television, lived in Churchtown before settling in Los Angeles.
  • Maria Gatland, (née McGuire), is a councillor in the London Borough of Croydon for the Conservative Party. She is also a former Council cabinet member for education, a post she resigned from after being exposed as a former member of the Irish Repubulican Army (IRA).[22]
  • Into Paradise a band whose members, Dave Long, Ronan Clarke, Rachael Tighe & James Eadie, were from the Churchtown area. They named their 1991 album "Churchtown"; this was produced by Adrian Borland and published by Chrysalis Songs (BMI) and Ensign Records
  • Dermot Keely (born 8 March 1954) is an ex-League of Ireland player and former manager of Irish football team Shelbourne FC. Although not born or raised in Churchtown, Dermot has been employed in De La Salle Churchtown for many years.
  • Dervla Kirwan born 24 October 1971. Actress who starred in Goodnight Sweetheart & Ballykissangel.
  • Seán Lemass (15 July 1899 – 11 May 1971), Fianna Fáil politician and third Taoiseach of Ireland from 1959 until 1966.
    Lemass
    A veteran of the 1916 Easter Rising, the War of Independence and the Civil War, Lemass was first elected as a Sinn Féin Teachta Dála (TD) for the Dublin South constituency in a by-election on 18 November 1924.
  • Martina Shanahan, (born 1966), one of the Winchester Three, an IRA active service unit, who was given a 25-year sentence for conspiring to kill Britain's Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Tom King, in 1987.[23]
  • John Millington Synge (16 April 1871 – 24 March 1909) was born in Newtown Villas, off Braemor Road, and lived here until his family moved to Dún Laoghaire in 1888.[24][25][26]
  • Maureen O'Hara (born August 17, 1920) is an Irish film actress and singer. O'Hara was born Maureen FitzSimons on the Lower Churchtown Rd.[27] She was the second oldest of six children by Charles Stewart Parnell FitzSimons and Marguerita Lilburn FitzSimons. Her father was a Dublin businessman and part owner of Shamrock Rovers Football Club.[28]
  • John P. Wilson (8 July 1923 – 9 July 2007), Fianna Fáil politician and All-Ireland football medal winner (for Cavan at the Polo Grounds, NY in 1947). He was first elected as a Teachta Dála for Cavan in 1973 and served in Dáil Éireann until 1992. Wilson served variously as Minister for Education, Minister for Posts & Telegraphs, Minister for Tourism & Transport and Tánaiste. He lived on Braemor Avenue.
  • Elizabeth Yeats and Lily Yeats sisters, founders of Cuala Press at Churchtown after it was reorganized separate from the Dun Emer Press and Studio at Dundrum. Sisters of Jack and William Butler Yeats. Lived at Gurteen Dheas, Churchtown Road, which was also the site of Cuala Industries.[29][30]

Live at the Braemor Rooms – Niall Toibin[edit]

Until the late 1980s the County Club pub on the Churchtown Road Upper had a cabaret attached called the Braemor Rooms. The Dubliners had a residency every August and Guy Mitchell also played there. Unfortunately, the owners of the County Club decided to go the way of the disco / nightclub and changed The Braemor Rooms to Faces; this eventually led to the demise of the pub and club. It’s now leased out, called Rodeo Joe’s but only open two nights a week.

There’s a sound recording of one artist, Niall Toibin which is testimony to the style of humour of the day.

Encore [sound recording] : Author/Creator: Niall Toibin Published: Dublin : Livia Records, 1985.

Recorded in the Braemor Rooms, Dublin, in October 1985.

Side 1. The new liturgy ; Recession ; A lesson in Irish ; Economics ; Roots & Noah's Ark

Side 2. Golf and allied sports ; The Irish abroad ; Fond thoughts of Cork ; Waterford and women's lib ; Onward to Kerry.

Clubs and Associations[edit]

Association Football:

Leicester Celtic http://www.leicesterceltic.ie/

Broadford Rovers

Athletics:

Dundrum South Dublin Athletic Club http://www.dsdac.com/

Cricket:

Sandyford Cricket Club http://www.sandyfordcc.org/index.php/directions

Cycling club:

Orwell Wheels http://www.orwellwheelers.org/

South Dublin Cycling Club http://www.southdublincc.com/artman2/publish/ourclub/index.shtml

Gaelic Games:

Churchtown GAA Club....Baile An Chlochain.....defunct

Naomh Olaf GAA club http://www.naomholaf.ie/index.php?start=20

Ballinteer St Johns GAA club http://www.ballinteerstjohns.com/

CLG Baile Buadáin Naomh Éanna http://www.bodengaa.ie/

Kilmacud Crokes GAA http://www.kilmacudcrokes.com/

Golf:

Castle golf club http://www.castlegc.ie

Milltown golf club http://www.milltowngolfclub.ie/

Gymnastics:

Phoenix gymnastics club http://www.phoenixgymnastics.ie/

Hiking Clubs:

Hill Top Treks http://www.hilltoptreks.ie/

The Bog Trotters http://www.bogtrotters.ie/

Hockey:

Old Alex http://www.oldalexhc.ie/

Past Pupil associations, Local Schools:

Ballinteer Community School http://www.ballinteercs.ie/pastpup.html

De La Salle College http://www.delasallecollege.com/alumni/

The High School http://www.highschooldublin.com/past.htm

Rugby:

De La Salle Palmerstown rugby club http://dlsprfc.tripod.com/links.html

Set Dancing club:

Craobh Naithi Comhaltas http://www.setdancing.com/

Closest towns, villages & locale[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland by Samuel Lewis, 1837, Library Ireland
  2. ^ Maps of Rathfarnham – South Dublin County History
  3. ^ Hazelbrook House
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ 48.31
  6. ^ Nutgrove Shopping Centre at the heart of the Community - Nutgrove Shopping Centre
  7. ^ The Good Shepherd Church Website
  8. ^ Church of Ireland Theological Institute Website
  9. ^ Representative Church Body Library Website
  10. ^ Irish Quaker Website
  11. ^ http://www.goodshepherd.ie
  12. ^ De La Salle College Website
  13. ^ Notre Dame School
  14. ^ the Church of the Good Shepherd
  15. ^ Welcome to the Mount Carmel Hospital Co. Dublin
  16. ^ http://www.rte.ie/news/2014/0124/499889-mount-carmel-hospital/
  17. ^ http://www.rte.ie/news/2014/0128/500780-mount-carmel-liquidator/
  18. ^ http://www.dlrcoco.ie
  19. ^ http://www.sdcc.ie
  20. ^ HB || HB – The History
  21. ^ Sub-Committee on the Barron Report on the Murder of Seamus Ludlow – Tithe an Oireachtais
  22. ^ Maria Gatland: Terrorist to Tory – Profiles People – The Independent
  23. ^ Convictions Set Aside For 3 in an Ulster Case - New York Times
  24. ^ Smith, Alison. "Introduction" in Collected Plays, Poems, and The Aran Islands. Edited by Alison Smith. London: Everyman, 1996.
  25. ^ Greene, David H. & Stephens, Edward M. "J.M. Synge 1871–1909" (The MacMillan Company New York 1959)
  26. ^ http://www.buildingsofireland.ie/cgi-bin/displayimage.cgi?id=2369&size=f&type=m1
  27. ^ Flynn, John; Jerry Kelleher (2003). Dublin Journeys in America. High Table Publishing. pp. 148–149. ISBN 0-9544694-1-0. http://www.hi-table.com/dublin.html.
  28. ^ "Maureen O`Hara". Turner Classic Movies. http://www.tcm.com/tcmdb/participant.jsp?spid=143374. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
  29. ^ Villanova University Digital Library: Once upon a time
  30. ^ Boston College Libraries Newsletter

Coordinates: 53°17′44″N 6°15′30″W / 53.29556°N 6.25833°W / 53.29556; -6.25833 Please add Kevin Hough RTE Radio and TV Presenter 20 Whitehall Road Churchtown

External links[edit]