|Churdhar (Shirgul Maharaj)|
Churdhar Shiv Maharaj (Himachal Pradesh)
|Architecture and culture|
Churdhar Sanctuary is named after the Churdhar peak, which has an elevation of 3647 metres above sea level and is located in Sirmour, Shimla district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Churdhar peak is the highest peak in Sirmour district and is also the highest peak in the outer Himalayas. The Churdhar peak has its very religious significance for the devotees of eastern Himachal Pradesh which include the districts Shimla, Sirmour and Solan of the Himachal Pradesh and Dehradun of the Uttrakhand. Churdhar is a Holy Place of Lord Shirgul Maharaj (Chureshwar Maharaj). The place can be approached by lots of routes but the main routes are from Nohradhar, Sirmour of 14 km and Sarahan, Chaupal of 8 km.
The Churdhar Peak is mentioned in the book, The Great Arc, by John Keay but is referred to as The Chur. It is from this peak that George Everest made many astronomical readings and sightings of the Himalaya mountains around 1834. He was the Surveyor General of India and did the initial survey of the full length of India as well as some very accurate measurements of the earth's curvature.
- Location- Sirmour, Shimla
- Area: 56.16 km²
- Speciality- Musk deer and monal
- Best Season- April-June & October-November
The total covered area of this sanctuary is 56.16 square kilometres as notified on 15 November 1985. This is one of the newest sanctuaries of Himachal Pradesh. Fauna includes Himalayan black bear, barking deer, musk deer, langur and leopards .
- Airways: Jubbarhatti airport (23 km from Shimla)
- Nearest Railhead: Shimla to Kalka narrow gauge railway line
- Nearest City: Chaupal
- The sanctuary has a well connected road network.
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