Churston railway station

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Churston
Churstonbldg.jpg
Location
Place Churston Ferrers, Devon
Area Torbay
Coordinates 50°23′46″N 3°33′24″W / 50.39598°N 3.55677°W / 50.39598; -3.55677Coordinates: 50°23′46″N 3°33′24″W / 50.39598°N 3.55677°W / 50.39598; -3.55677
Grid reference SX894562
Operations
Original company Dartmouth and Torbay Railway
Managed by South Devon Railway
Pre-grouping Great Western Railway
Post-grouping Great Western Railway
Operated by Paignton and Dartmouth Steam Railway
Platforms 2
History
1861 Opened (as Brixham Road)
1868 Brixham branch opened
1972 Preserved
Stations on heritage railways in the United Kingdom
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Auto-train for Brixham in 1958

Churston railway station is on the Dartmouth Steam Railway, a heritage railway in Torbay, Devon, England. It is on the main road to Brixham and close to the villages of Galmpton and Churston Ferrers.

History[edit]

Before preservation[edit]

The Dartmouth and Torbay Railway from Paignton railway station to Churston was opened for passengers on 14 March 1861 and for goods traffic on 1 April 1861. The station was known as Brixham Road at the time, and the line was extended to Kingswear railway station on 16 August 1864. The initial single platform was supplemented by a second in 1865.[1] The Dartmouth and Torbay Railway was always operated by the South Devon Railway Company and was amalgamated with it on 1 January 1872. This was only short lived as it was in turn amalgamated into the Great Western Railway on 1 February 1876.

In the meantime the station had changed its name to Churston when an independent branch line had been opened by the Torbay and Brixham Railway to serve the latter town on 28 February 1868.[2] The station was now a junction but the goods shed had to be moved to a new site alongside the Brixham line to make room for a short bay platform to accommodate the Brixham trains. Sidings were added to allow for the goods traffic handled on the branch, including a busy trade in fish. The Torbay and Brixham Railway was taken over by the Great Western Railway on 1 January 1883.

The lines had been built using the 7 ft (2,134 mm) broad gauge, but on 21 May 1892 were closed for the weekend to be converted to 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge. The following year saw the platforms lengthened and a new signal box constructed. The platforms were further lengthened and a new signal box opened on 9 February 1913 to control the now extended crossing loop.

The Great Western Railway was nationalised into British Railways on 1 January 1948. The Brixham branch closed on 13 May 1963, but the Kingswear service continued but Sunday trains no longer called at Churston after the 1967 summer season. General freight traffic was withdrawn on 14 June 1965 although coal was still handled until 4 December 1967. The crossing loop was taken out of use on 20 October 1968 and the signal box closed.

In preservation[edit]

The line was sold to the Dart Valley Light Railway plc on 30 December 1972, which operated another nearby railway at Buckfastleigh. Since then Churston has become an important centre for engineering on the railway.

The signal box was reopened in 1979 to control a new crossing loop, albeit with electric multiple-aspect signals, and the following year the former Brixham bay platform was relaid. In 1981 the turntable from Goodrington was moved to a position alongside the Brixham junction at Churston. The signal box was closed again in 1991[3] when control of the whole line was transferred to Britannia Crossing at Kingswear. A locomotive workshop was built behind the Up (towards Paignton) platform in 1993 and the station building restored and reopened. The Brixham bay platform was then covered by a carriage workshop in 1996.

Plans[edit]

The Association of Train Operating Companies included Brixham one of fourteen towns that, based on 2009 data, would benefit from a new railway service. This would be an extension of the First Great Western service over the Riviera Line from Exmouth as far as Churston, which would then act as a railhead for Brixham. It would also serve other housing developments in the area since the opening of the steam railway, and may require the doubling of that line between Paignton and Goodrington Sands.[4]

Description[edit]

The main entrance is onto the platform mainly used by trains towards Kingswear. Signalling allows trains to use this in both directions but in practice trains towards Paignton depart from the opposite platform, which is reached by a footbridge. The station buildings are built of solid masonry with a large canopy integral with the roof. The local paper described them on the opening day "as unarchitectural as any Goth could wish".[5]

Alongside the main platform, at the Paignton end, a modern workshop stands on the site of the platform once used by Brixham trains; this is used for carriage repairs. On the same side, beyond the modern bridge carrying the road to Brixham, are some sidings and the turntable. Opposite the carriage workshop, behind the Paignton platform, is another workshop which is used for heavy repairs to locomotives.

The former Railway Hotel at the end of the station approach road is now a 4-star guest house.[6]

Cultural references[edit]

Churston station was the location for the opening scene in The System, a 1964 film. Several of the main characters arrive at the last minute and jump onto a Diesel Multiple Unit that is just pulling out towards Kingswear. After the opening credits, they then get off a different train at Brixham. Agatha Christie lived nearby, and set some stories in and around the area, Churston is the 'C' in the The A.B.C. Murders.

Services[edit]

A seasonal service of steam hauled trains operates between Paignton and Kingswear.

Preceding station Heritage Railways  Heritage railways Following station
Goodrington Sands   Dartmouth Steam Railway   Greenway Halt

References[edit]

  1. ^ Potts, C R (1998). The Newton Abbot to Kingswear Railway (1844 - 1988). Oxford: Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-387-7. 
  2. ^ Potts, CR (1987). The Brixham Branch. Usk: Oakwood Press. ISBN 0-85361-556-X. 
  3. ^ Oakley, Mike (2007). Devon Railway Stations. Wimbourne: The Dovecote Press. ISBN 978-1-904349-55-6. 
  4. ^ "Connecting Communities - expanding access to the rail network". Association of Train Operating Companies. 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-16. [dead link]
  5. ^ Western Morning News, 15 March 1861, quoted in Potts (1998)
  6. ^ The White Horse Guest House

Further reading[edit]

  • Beck, Keith; Copsey, John (1990). The Great Western in South Devon. Didcot: Wild Swan Publication. ISBN 0-906867-90-8. 
  • Cooke, RA (1984). Track Layout Diagrams of the GWR and BR WR, Section 14: South Devon. Harwell: RA Cooke. 
This station offers access to the South West Coast Path
Distance to path 0.5 miles (0.80 km)
Next station anticlockwise Goodrington Sands 3 miles (5 km)
Next station clockwise Kingswear 12 miles (19 km)