Churt

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Churt
Whitmoor Vale - geograph.org.uk - 3838.jpg
Coniferous woods in Whitmore Vale, Churt
"The Crossways Inn" at Churt - geograph.org.uk - 1622061.jpg
The Crossways Inn in winter's snow
Churt is located in Surrey
Churt
Churt
 Churt shown within Surrey
Area  4.68 km2 (1.81 sq mi)
Population 1,202 (Civil Parish)[1]
   – density  257 /km2 (670 /sq mi)
OS grid reference SU8638
Civil parish Churt
District Waverley
Shire county Surrey
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Farnham
Postcode district GU10
Dialling code 01252
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament South West Surrey
List of places
UK
England
Surrey

Coordinates: 51°08′10″N 0°46′37″W / 51.136°N 0.777°W / 51.136; -0.777

Churt is a village and civil parish in the borough of Waverley in Surrey, England. It is on the A287 road between Hindhead and Farnham. A clustered settlement set in areas acting as its green buffers, which include the Devil's Jumps. The west of the village declines in height to the steep edge of Whitmore Vale, which is itself mostly in Headley, Hampshire. At the foot of this bank is a steeply cut brook which defines the Hampshire border. Old boundary stones are visible at the junction of Green Lane and Green Cross Lane. The town of Farnham is centred 5.5 miles (8.9 km) north. The village has forests and heathland by and atop the Greensand Ridge, at a lesser height than, for example, Gibbet Hill, Hindhead 3 miles (4.8 km) south east.

History[edit]

Its origins are Saxon. The village as Churt and Cherte[2] is recorded in the 14th century as part of the "Great Sacks", and a tything of Farnham of the Bishop of Winchester - a subsidy roll assessed it with a figure: £3 9s ¼d, (very roughly equivalent to £2,157 in 2014) presumably annually.[3] Frensham Great Pond, dug to provide one such spiritual leader, Hædde, with fresh fish, is less than 10m beyond the north border. Upon the establishment of the chapelry of Frensham in the 13th century, it became part of that entity short of a parish, which stretched as far south as Shottermill, a neighbourhood today of western Haslemere.[4] Stating how the high common land was for tenants here of the lord of the manor, a court leet of 1540 ordered John Baker not to overburden it with his cattle ('beasts').[3] A case (in the national Court of the Exchequer) of 1692 asked whether Churt was in the Weald and whether wood cut from such land was tithe-free, and the juries answered both questions in the affirmative, the judges approved and refused a further appeal.

Approximately opposite the parish church which built shortly before it became a parish in 1865, is the old forge built in about 1600.[5] A barn in the western fields next to the farmhouse of Green Cross Farm was built in the 16th century (in wooden Tudor architecture on a brick plinth) [6]

In 1892 George Cubitt, 1st Baron Ashcombe enlarged the chancel of the relatively young church.[3] By the early 20th century Hankley, Bordon and Bramshott had a heavy military presence.[7]

Geography[edit]

The parish is roughly square and gradually slopes down to the north-west and steeply by the western border where it is drained by a straight brook (feeding into the Wey) which demarcates the border with Hampshire. In the north are sudden hills, or knolls, three of which are described as 'curiously conical sandhills' in the Victoria County History (1911),[3] and are recorded on maps as The Devil's Jumps.

The town of Farnham is centred 5.5 miles (8.9 km) north and the village sits in forests and heathland by and atop acidic sands of largely uneroded sandstone (the local form, Bargate stone) north of the escarpment of the Greensand Ridge.[8]

Notable residents[edit]

Industrialist Frank Mason spent the later part of his life in the area, and provided the community with a village hall, which remains the hub of the village.

The pre-Raphaelite artist Sir John Everett Millais had links with the village. He was friends with the painter of rural landscapes and coastal scenes James Clarke Hook who, in 1866, built his country house Silverbeck at Jumps Road just outside Churt.[9]

Mrs Lash played a leading role in the dramatic society, grandmother of Ralph Fiennes.[citation needed] The BBC's Blue Peter presenter John Noakes lived here and his much-filmed pet Shep as did golf commentator Peter Alliss. Kevin Keegan lived in Green Lane, when playing for Southampton Football Club. International jewellery designer David Buxton[page needed] grew up in the village, the area influenced a good deal of his work.

Frances Stevenson, wife of British Prime Minister David Lloyd George lived in the village; and some of his descendants are here. The cricketing brothers Harry Walker and Thomas Walker were born in the village. The journalist Anthony Loyd grew up in Churt.[citation needed] The Police's drummer, Stuart Copeland, had a short spell in the village, with his family. Lord John Hunt lived for a period in the village, he was the force behind the first ascent of Everest in 1953 and had a decorated military career. Roger Black, the Olympic Gold medal winner, also lives in the village.

The amateur astronomer Richard Carrington, whose 1859 astronomical observations first corroborated the existence of solar flares, moved to Churt in 1865. He founded a private observatory and lived here until his death in 1875.[10][11]

Sports clubs[edit]

Churt Recreation Ground is home to Churt Juniors Football Club, which caters for children in age groups from Under 5s to Under 11s. Children from Under 7s and above play matches in the North East Hampshire Youth League.

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 320 101 33 38 2 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 1,202 494 41.5% 32.6% 468

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

Local government[edit]

One of the 81 councillors of Surrey County Council serves the area, who sits for Waverley Western Villages.[12]

The relevant ward for the borough council is Frensham, Dockenfield and Tilford. Churt Parish Council meetings are open to the public.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ H.E. Malden (editor) (1906). "Parishes: Frensham: Churt". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 2 p.609. The Internet Archive. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d H.E. Malden (editor) (1906). "Parishes: Frensham: Churt". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 2 p.613. The Internet Archive. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  4. ^ H.E. Malden (editor) (1906). "Parishes: Frensham: Churt". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 2 p.580. The Internet Archive. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  5. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1352733)". National Heritage List for England. 
  6. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (1044430)". National Heritage List for England. 
  7. ^ Woolmer Forest Heritage Society
  8. ^ Grid square map Ordnance survey website
  9. ^ Tim Barringer. "Hook, James Clarke". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. 
  10. ^ Biography at the HAO
  11. ^ Article on Carrington at the Times
  12. ^ My Council Surrey County Council Retrieved 2 December 2013

External links[edit]