Chust, Uzbekistan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chust
Chust/Чуст
Chust is located in Uzbekistan
Chust
Chust
Location in Uzbekistan
Coordinates: 41°15′N 71°33′E / 41.250°N 71.550°E / 41.250; 71.550Coordinates: 41°15′N 71°33′E / 41.250°N 71.550°E / 41.250; 71.550
Country  Uzbekistan
Province Namangan Province
city 1969
Elevation 1,100 m (3,600 ft)
Population (2004)
 • Total 63,800
Postal code 161100[1]
Area code(s) +998 6942[1]

Chust (Uzbek: Chust/Чуст; Russian: Чуст) is a city in Namangan Province, Uzbekistan. The city is the administrative center of Chust Rayon. Chust is located in the northern corner of the Fergana Valley along the river Chustsoy.

Chust is one of the oldest cities in the Fergana Valley. The Fergana automobile road passes through the city. This road connects Chust with several others places, such as the cities of Namangan, Andijan, and Fergana.

The officially registered population of the city in 2004 was 63,800. Uzbeks and Tajiks are the largest ethnic groups.

History[edit]

Chust is one of the oldest cities in the Fergana Valley. Archaeological studies conducted in 1953, 1957, 1959, and 1961 found items dating back to the late Bronze/early Iron age in the area corresponding to present-day Chust. First scientific information about Chust can be found in A. F. Middendor's Ocherki o Ferganskoy doline (Essays About the Fergana Valley), published in St. Petersburg in 1882.[2] According to local linguists, the word "chust" is a Persian word meaning "fast."

In the Middle Ages, Chust city became an important fortress. Babur's father Umar Shaikh Mirza II made Chust his residence in 1480.[2] In the 16th century the city consisted of several small fortresses.[3] Later, a wall surrounding these fortresses was built. In 1882 the walls of the fortress were destroyed and the city started to expand.[3] Over time Chust became an important industrial center. Blacksmiths, tailors, potters, and jewelers from Chust became well-known. Doʻppis (skullcaps) and knives made in Chust became especially popular.

After the Russians came, several new factories were built in Chust. In 1912, there were six cotton mills and one leather factory in Chust. The city was made the administrative center of the newly created Chust Rayon in 1926. Chust officially became a city in 1969.[4]

Chust underwent significant changes during the Soviet period. Many factories and institutions were built during that time.

Geography[edit]

Chust is located 1,000 metres (3,300 ft)-1,200 metres (3,900 ft) above sea level, 36 kilometres (22 mi) to the west of the city of Namangan.[3] The city is situated in the northern corner of the Fergana Valley, on a plain near a mountain, along the river Chustsoy.

Demographics[edit]

The officially registered population of Chust in 2004 was 220000.[2] Uzbeks and Tajiks are the largest ethnic groups.

Economy[edit]

Chust is an important center for cotton processing. It is also known for artisanal products including, notably, pocket knives and embroidered cotton skullcaps known as tubeteika (Uzbek: doʻppi).[4] The city contains the National Knife Factory, in which metal workers "smash and grind their knives from short lengths of steel or iron, honing each blade into the desired shape with a meticulous attention to detail".[5] Knives with a curved tip are a trademark of Chust craftsmen.[5]

Currently there are several joint-stock companies in the city. They include Barion, Paxta tolasi, and Chustmash. There are also bakeries, a printing house, and several small businesses in Chust.

Education[edit]

There are several colleges and vocational schools in Chust. They include:

  • Chust College of Pedagogy
  • Chust College of Medicine
  • Chust College of Agriculture
  • Chust College of Economy
  • Chust Academic Lyceum

The city is also home to several general education schools (which include boarding schools), two music and art schools, six vocational schools, and three children's sports schools.

Notable people[edit]

The well-known business magnate Alisher Usmanov, who now lives in Russia, was born in Chust in 1953.[6] According to March 2013 Forbes website data, the oligarch Usmanov is Russia's richest man, with a fortune estimated at $17.6 billion, and the world's 34th richest person.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Chust Yellow Pages". SPR. Retrieved 29 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c Haydarov, Murodilla (2000–2005). "Chust". Oʻzbekiston milliy ensiklopediyasi (in Uzbek). Toshkent: Oʻzbekiston milliy ensiklopediyasi. 
  3. ^ a b c Zufarov, Komiljon, ed. (1979). "Chust". Oʻzbek sovet ensiklopediyasi (in Uzbek) 12. Toshkent. pp. 593–594. 
  4. ^ a b "Chust". Ensiklopedik lugʻat (in Uzbek) 2. Toshkent: Oʻzbek sovet ensiklopediyasi. 1990. p. 397. 5-89890-018-7. 
  5. ^ a b Lovell-Hoare, Sophie; Lovell-Hoare, Max (8 July 2013). Uzbekistan. Bradt Travel Guides. p. 117. ISBN 978-1-84162-461-7. 
  6. ^ "Usmanov, Alisher". Lenta (in Russian). Retrieved 29 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Alisher Usmanov". Forbes. March 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2014. 

External links[edit]