Chuuk State

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Chuuk State
state
Flag of Chuuk State
Flag
Map of Chuuk State
Map of Chuuk State
Coordinates: 7°25′N 151°47′E / 7.417°N 151.783°E / 7.417; 151.783Coordinates: 7°25′N 151°47′E / 7.417°N 151.783°E / 7.417; 151.783
Country Federated States of Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia
Capital Weno
Government
 • Governor Johnson Elimo (since 2011)
Area
 • Total 121.5 km2 (46.9 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 48,654
 • Density 400/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code FM-TRK
Website www.fm/chuuk.htm

Chuuk State (also known as Truk) is one of the four states of the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM). The other states are Kosrae State, Pohnpei State, and Yap State. It consists of several island groups:

History[edit]

Further information: Chuuk Lagoon § History

Chuuk was one of six districts of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands (TTPI) which were administered by the United States under charter from the United Nations from the end of the Second World War to the mid-1980s. The termination of U.S. administration of the Chuuk, Yap, Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Mariana Islands districts of the TTPI occurred on November 3, 1986. The Federated States of Micronesia, including Chuuk, Yap, Kosrae, and Pohnpei, was established in 1979 and signed a Compact of Free Association with the U.S. (effective November 3, 1986).

On July 2, 2002, heavy rains from Tropical Storm Chataan caused more than thirty landslides that killed forty-seven people and injured dozens others, in the state's deadliest weather disaster. The landslides occurred throughout the day, some within just minutes of each other.

Geography[edit]

To the west is Yap State. To the east are Pohnpei State and Kosrae State is further east.

The main population center of Chuuk State is the Chuuk Lagoon, a large archipelago with mountainous islands surrounded by a string of islets on a barrier reef.[citation needed] The two major geographical and dialectic divisions of the Chuuk Lagoon are Faichuuk, the western islands, and Namoneas, the eastern islands.

Chuuk State also includes several more sparsely populated "outer island" groups, including the Mortlock Islands to the southeast, the Hall Islands (Pafeng) to the north, Namonuito Atoll to the northwest, and the Pattiw Region to west. The Pattiw Region is of particular interest in that it has some of the most traditional islands in the Pacific and is culturally related to outer islands of Yap. This group includes the islands of Pollap, Tamatam, Poluwat, and Houk. Today you can still find traditional master navigators—Poluwat and Pollap are considered to have some of the best navigators and ocean-going outrigger canoes in the Pacific. In the islands of the Pattiw Region, and some of the Islands of Yap, you will still find today the last two remaining schools of navigation, Weriyeng and Faaluush. Visiting the Pattiw Region in the west, however, is difficult due to the lack of reliable transportation. Houk probably has the most accessible airstrip in the Pattiw Region, with planes landing every one or two weeks.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Weno, Chuuk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33
(91)
32
(90)
32
(90)
33
(92)
33
(91)
33
(92)
33
(92)
33
(92)
34
(93)
33
(92)
33
(91)
33
(91)
34
(93)
Average high °C (°F) 29.9
(85.8)
29.9
(85.8)
30.2
(86.4)
30.4
(86.7)
30.7
(87.3)
30.7
(87.3)
30.6
(87.1)
30.7
(87.3)
30.7
(87.3)
30.7
(87.3)
30.7
(87.3)
30.2
(86.4)
30.4
(86.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.4
(81.3)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.7
(81.9)
27.8
(82)
27.7
(81.9)
27.4
(81.3)
27.4
(81.3)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.7
(81.9)
27.6
(81.7)
27.6
(81.7)
Average low °C (°F) 24.9
(76.8)
25.0
(77)
25.1
(77.2)
25.0
(77)
24.9
(76.8)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
24.2
(75.6)
24.2
(75.6)
24.3
(75.7)
24.6
(76.3)
25.0
(77)
24.7
(76.5)
Record low °C (°F) 21
(69)
21
(70)
22
(71)
22
(71)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
20
(68)
19
(66)
21
(70)
21
(70)
19
(66)
Precipitation mm (inches) 228.1
(8.98)
163.1
(6.42)
229.9
(9.05)
291.1
(11.46)
354.1
(13.94)
300.7
(11.84)
365
(14.37)
349.8
(13.77)
306.6
(12.07)
361.4
(14.23)
281.9
(11.10)
293.4
(11.55)
3,525
(138.78)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 14.8 12.2 14.9 16.2 21.2 20.3 20.8 21.0 18.6 20.0 20.0 18.8 218.8
 % humidity 78.7 77.7 78.7 81.0 82.6 82.9 83.9 83.2 83.0 83.1 81.9 80.8 81.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 195.3 197.8 217.0 195.0 192.2 180.0 195.3 195.3 177.0 161.2 162.0 167.4 2,235.5
Source #1: Hong Kong Observatory (sun 1961-1990)[1]
Source #2: NOAA [2]

Demographics[edit]

Chuuk is the most populous of the FSM's states.[citation needed]

Culture[edit]

Jesuit mission at Weno[edit]

The New York Province of the Society of Jesus, also known as the Jesuits, maintains a mission school on the island of Weno in Chuuk. Xavier High School is housed at the former Japanese communications center. It is a coeducational institution, drawing students from the all island groups of the Federated States of Micronesia, as well as the Republic of Palau and the Republic of the Marshall Islands. Teachers are both Jesuit and lay and come from Micronesia, the U.S., Indonesia, Japan, and Australia. All lay teachers are volunteers.

Spirit Possession[edit]

Although Chuuk is an overwhelmingly Christian society, traditional beliefs in spirit possession by the dead still exist. These spirits overwhelmingly possess women and spirit possession is usually brought on by family conflicts. The spirits, speaking through the women, typically admonish family members to treat each other better.[3]

Municipalities[edit]

Of the 40 municipalities of the state, 16 fall within Chuuk Lagoon and 24 in the Outer Islands.

Northern Nomoneas (Shiki) Islands, Chuuk Lagoon:

Southern Nomoneas (Shiki) Islands, Chuuk Lagoon:

Faichuk (Shichiyo) Islands, Chuuk Lagoon:

  • Tol
  • Wonei (Onei)
  • Polle
  • Paata (Pata)

Nomwisofo:

Hall Islands (north):

Namonuito Atoll (Magur Islands) (northwest):

  • Pisaras
  • Magur (Makur)
  • Ono
  • Onari (Unanu)
  • Ulul

Pattiw (Western Islands):

  • Pollap (north islet of Pollap Atoll)
  • Tamatam (south islet of Pollap Atoll, with Fanadik islet in the center)
  • Houk (formerly known as Pulusuk)
  • Poluwat (Puluwat)

Eastern Islands (Upper Mortlock Islands):

Mortlock Islands:

  • Etal
  • Lukunor
  • Oneop (west islet of Lukunor Atoll)
  • Satawan
  • Kutu (west islet of Satawan Atoll)
  • Moch (north islet of Satawan Atoll)
  • Ta (southeast islet of Satawan Atoll)

See also[edit]

  • Habele is a South Carolina based charitable organization providing private economic educational assistance in Chuuk.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Climatological Information for Truk, Pacific Islands, United States". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved December 13, 2012. 
  2. ^ "TRUK ISLAND/CAROLINE ISLANDS PI Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 13, 2012. 
  3. ^ Hezel, Francis X. 1993 Spirit Possession in Chuuk: Socio-Cultural Interpretation. Micronesian Counselor 11

External links[edit]