Chyawanprash (also spelled chyavanaprasha, chyavanaprash, chyavanaprasam and chyawanaprash) is a jam-like cooked mixture of sugar, honey, Triphala, ghee, sesame oil, berries and other naturally available herbs and spices. It is prepared as per the instructions suggested in Ayurvedic methods of preventing diseases. Chyawanprash is widely sold[by whom?] and consumed in India as a dietary supplement.
Various Indian holy books like Mahabharat, Puranas etc., relate that the 'Royal Vaids', named 'Ashwini Kumar brothers', the twins, who were medical advisers to Devas during Vedic times (10,000 years ago), first prepared this formulation for Chyawan Rishi at his Ashram on Dhosi Hill near Narnaul, Haryana, India, hence the name Chyawanprash. The first historically documented formula for chywanprash appears in Charaka Samhita, the ancient Ayurvedic treatise
Chyawanaprash tastes sweet and sour at the same time. Its taste is largely dominated by the flavors of honey, ghee and triphala, and smell by ghee and other spices like sandalwood, cinnamon, cardamom etc. Its appearance resembles to semi-molten tar i.e. it is a dark brown thick paste like substance. Clarified butter, cinnamon and other spices used in it contribute to its smell.
Chyawanaprash is usually consumed directly or along with warm milk or water. The recommended consumption is usually about 1 tbsp twice a day.
Proponents claim that Chyawanprash increases immunity, improves digestion, helps in bowel movements and increases sexual potency.
The recipe of chyavanprash is mentioned in manuscripts written for ayurvedic method of treatment viz. Ashtangahridayam, Charakasamhita, Sangandharasamhita. Nowadays, original recipes of Chyawanprash have been altered and some of the ingredients have been replaced with other herbs.
Commercially available Chyawanaprash is marketed for all or different age groups - children, young men and old people, with different compositions that are claimed to have different advantages.
- bamboo manna
- blue Egyptian water lily
- chebulic myrobalan
- Chinese cinnamon
- cinnamon bark
- Indian rose chestnut
- country mallow
- feather foil plant (Phyllanthus niruri or Bhumiamalaki)
- Giant potato (Ipomoea mauritiana or Kiribadu Ala)
- Giloy (Guduchi)
- Indian kudzu
- Irish root
- Long pepper (Piper longum)
- Malabar nut (Seed of Adhatoda vasica)
- Nut grass
- Potassium sorbate
- Round zedoary
- sesame oil
- Spreading hogweed (Boerhavia diffusa)
- Tiger's claw or Ice plant
- Wild black gram
- Wild green gram
- Winter cherry (or Ashwaghanda)
The market size of chyawanprash in 2010 was Indian Rs 4 billion (about $80 million USD). Chyawanprash in India is marketed through film stars and sports persons such as Shahrukh Khan, Ravi Kishan, and M.S. Dhoni. The actress Madhuri Dixit is a brand ambassador for Chyawanprash manufactured by the company Dabur.
- Panda, H; Handbook On Ayurvedic Medicines With Formulae, Processes And Their Uses, 2004, p10 ISBN 978-81-86623-63-3
- Bates, D, Knowledge and the Scholarly Medical Traditions Cambridge University Press 1995, p325 ISBN 978-0-521-49975-0
- Tarwadi K, Agte V (Aug 2007). "Antioxidant and micronutrient potential of common fruits available in the Indian subcontinent". Int J Food Sci Nutr 58 (5): 341–9. doi:10.1080/09637480701243905. PMID 17558726.
- "Chyavanaprasha Rasayan." Logayurveda.com. Accessed September 2011.
- Economic Times SRK, Dhoni, Ravi Kishan do wonders for chyawanprash
- Dabur signs Madhuri Dixit as brand ambassador for Chyawanprash. Economic Times (2013-10-29). Retrieved on 2013-10-29.