Chyawanprash (also spelled chyavanaprasha, chyavanaprash, chyavanaprasam and chyawanaprash) is a jam-like cooked mixture of sugar, honey, Triphala, ghee, sesame oil, berries and other herbs and spices. It is prepared as per the instructions suggested in Ayurvedic texts. Chyawanprash is widely sold and consumed in India as a dietary supplement.
Various Indian holy books like Mahabharat, Puranas etc., relate that Ashwini Kumar brothers, the twins, who were RajVaidhya (Royal Physicians) to Devas during Vedic times, first prepared this formulation for Chyawan Rishi at his Ashram on Dhosi Hill near Narnaul, Haryana, India, hence the name Chyawanprash. The first historically documented formula for chywanprash appears in Charaka Samhita, the ancient Ayurvedic treatise.
Taste and appearance
Chyawanaprash tastes sweet and sour at the same time. The taste is largely dominated by the flavors of honey, ghee and triphala, and the smell by clarified butter, ghee and other spices including sandalwood, cinnamon and cardamom. Its appearance resembles semi-molten tar - a thick dark brown paste.
Chyawanaprash is usually consumed directly or along with warm milk or water. The recommended consumption is usually about 1 tbsp twice a day.
It is a general health tonic and is the best known Ayurvedic tonic.
The recipe of chyavanprash is mentioned in manuscripts written for ayurvedic method of treatment viz. Ashtangahridayam, Charakasamhita, Sangandharasamhita. Triphala is a primary ingredient of Chyawanaprash which makes it rich in Vitamin C (445 mg/100g). The number of herbs used may vary from 25 to 80 but the main ingredient of all Chyawanprash is amla Other chief ingredients are:
- ashwagandha Winter cherry
- bamboo manna
- blue Egyptian water lily
- chebulic myrobalan
- Chinese cinnamon
- cinnamon bark
- Indian rose chestnut
- country mallow
- feather foil plant (Phyllanthus niruri or Bhumiamalaki)
- Giant potato (Ipomoea mauritiana or Kiribadu Ala)
- Giloy (Guduchi)
- Indian kudzu
- Irish root
- Long pepper (Piper longum)
- Malabar nut (Seed of Adhatoda vasica)
- Nut grass
- Potassium sorbate
- Round zedoary
- sesame oil
- Spreading hogweed (Boerhavia diffusa)
- Tiger's claw or Ice plant
- Wild black gram
- Wild green gram
The market size of chyawanprash in 2010 was Indian Rs 4 billion (about $80 million USD). Chyawanprash in India is marketed through film stars and sports persons such as Shahrukh Khan, Ravi Kishan, and M.S. Dhoni.
- Panda, H; Handbook On Ayurvedic Medicines With Formulae, Processes And Their Uses, 2004, p10 ISBN 978-81-86623-63-3
- Bates, D, Knowledge and the Scholarly Medical Traditions Cambridge University Press 1995, p325 ISBN 978-0-521-49975-0
- Ernst, Waltraud (2002). Plural medicine, tradition and modernity, 1800-2000. London New York: Routledge. p. 187. ISBN 0-415-23122-1.
- Tarwadi K, Agte V (Aug 2007). "Antioxidant and micronutrient potential of common fruits available in the Indian subcontinent". Int J Food Sci Nutr 58 (5): 341–9. doi:10.1080/09637480701243905. PMID 17558726.
- Johnston, Robert (2004). The politics of healing : histories of alternative medicine in twentieth-century North America. New York: Routledge. p. 226. ISBN 0-415-93338-2.
- Economic Times SRK, Dhoni, Ravi Kishan do wonders for chyawanprash