Chytridiales

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chytridiales
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Chytridiomycota
Class: Chytridiomycetes
Order: Chytridiales
Cohn (1879)[1]
Families

Genera incertae sedis

Fungi of the order Chytridiales, like other members of its division, may either have a monocentric thallus or a polycentric rhizomycelium. When the ribosomal genes of members classified in this order were first examined using molecular techniques, it was discovered that the order contained some species that were not related.[2] With the discovery, culture and characterization of Chytridium olla, the type species of this order, the limits of the Chytridiales were established.[3] The Chytridiales is now monophyletic and species such as Polychytrium aggregatum, Chytriomyces angularis and Cladochytrium replicatum [4] have been transferred to other orders.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cohn, F. (1879). "Ueber ein Thallophytensystem". Jahresbericht der Schlesischen Geselschaft für vaterländische Cultur, Breslau (in German) 57: 279. 
  2. ^ James, T.; Letcher, P.M.; Longcore, J.E.; Mozley-Standridge, S.E.; Porter, D.; Powell, M.J.; Griffith, G.W.; Vilgalys, R. (2006). "A molecular phylogeny of the flagellated fungi (Chytridiomycota) and description of a new phylum (Blastocladiomycota)". Mycologia 98 (6): 860–871. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.860. PMID 17486963. 
  3. ^ Vélez, C.G.; Letcher, P.M.; Schultz, S.; Powell, M.J.; Churchill, P.F. (2011). "Molecular phylogenetic and zoospore ultrastructural analyses of Chytridium olla establish the limits of a monophyletic Chytridiales". Mycologia 103 (1): 118–130. doi:10.3852/10-001. PMID 20943553. 
  4. ^ Hibbett, D.S., et al. (March 2007). "A higher level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi". Mycological Research 111 (5): 509–47. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004. PMID 17572334.