Chytridiomycetes

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Chytridiomycetes
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Chytridiomycota
Class: Chytridiomycetes
Caval.-Sm (1998)[1]
Orders

Chytridiales
Lobulomycetales
Rhizophydiales
Rhizophlyctidales
Spizellomycetales
Cladochytriales
Polychytriales
Gromochytriales
Mesochytriales

Chytridiomycetes (/kɨˌtrɪdi.ɵmˈstz/ or /-mˈsts/)[2] is a class of fungi. Members are found in soil, fresh water, and saline estuaries. They are primitive fungi, and are first known from the Rhynie chert.[3] It has recently been redefined to exclude the taxa Neocallimastigomycota and Monoblepharidomycetes, which are now a phylum and a sister-class respectively.[4]

Chytridiomycetes is the major class of the phylum Chytridiomycota,[5] which contains a number of parasitic species; one of which infections a number of amphibian species,[6] among others.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cavalier-Smith, T. (1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of Life". Biol. Rev. Camb. Philos. Soc. 73 (3): 203–266. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1998.tb00030.x. PMID 9809012. 
  2. ^ OED; Howjsay
  3. ^ Taylor, T.N.; Remy, W.; Hass, H. (1992). "Fungi from the Lower Devonian Rhynie chert: Chytridiomycetes". American Journal of Botany 79 (11): 1233–1241. doi:10.2307/2445050. JSTOR 2445050. 
  4. ^ Hibbett, D.S., et al. (March 2007). "A higher level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi". Mycological Research 111 (5): 509–547. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004. PMID 17572334. 
  5. ^ Sharma,P.D. (2005). Fungi and Allied Organisms. Alpha Science Int'l Ltd. p. 545. ISBN 978-1-84265-277-0. 
  6. ^ Berger, L., et al. (1999). Campbell, A., ed. Chytrid Fungi and Amphibian Declines: Overview, Implications and Future Directions (in Declines and Disappearances of Australian Frogs). Environment Australia. p. 236.