Ciampi Cabinet

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The Ciampi Cabinet was the 52nd cabinet of the Italian Republic following World War II[1] and the second and final cabinet of the XI Legislature. It held office from 28 April 1993 until 10 May 1994, a total of 377 days, or 1 year and 12 days.

It was the first government of the Republic to be led by a non-Parliamentarian. The government was a technical one.[2] Former communists joined the government for the first time since 1947,[3] but they left the government after a few days.

Initial composition of the government:

On 4 May 1993, the day after the government was sworn in, PDS and FdV withdrew their ministers from the government; they were replaced with independents.

Obtained the confidence of the Chamber of Deputies on 7 May 1993 with 309 votes in favour, 60 against and 182 abstentions.[4]

Obtained the confidence of the Senate on 12 May 1993 with 162 votes in favour, 36 against and 50 abstentions.[5]

The government resigned on 13 January 1994.[6]

The Cabinet[edit]

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister   Carlo Azeglio Ciampi 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Independent
Secretary to the Council of Ministers   Antonio Maccanico 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Republican Party
Minister of Foreign Affairs   Beniamino Andreatta 28 April 1993 19 April 1994 Christian Democracy
  Leopoldo Elia 19 April 1994 10 May 1994 Christian Democracy
Minister of the Interior   Nicola Mancino 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Christian Democracy
Minister of Justice   Giovanni Conso 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Independent
Minister of Budget and Economic Programme   Luigi Spaventa 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Independent
Minister of Finances   Vincenzo Visco 28 April 1993 4 May 1993 Democratic Party of the Left
  Franco Gallo 4 May 1993 10 April 1994 Independent
Minister of Treasury   Piero Barucci 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Christian Democracy
Minister of Defence   Fabio Fabbri 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Socialist Party
Minister of Education   Rosa Russo Jervolino 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Christian Democracy
Minister of Public Works   Francesco Merloni 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Christian Democracy
Minister for Agriculture and Forestry   Alfredo Luigi Diana 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Christian Democracy
Minister of Transport amd Navigation   Raffaele Costa 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Liberal Party
Minister of Post and Telecommunications   Maurizio Pagani 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Socialist Party
Minister of Industry, Commerce and Craft   Paolo Savona 28 April 1993 19 April 1994 Independent
  Paolo Baratta 19 April 1994 10 May 1994 Independent
Minister of Foreign Trade   Paolo Baratta 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Independent
Minister of Health   Maria Pia Garavaglia 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Christian Democracy
Minister of Labour and Social Security   Gino Giugni 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Socialist Party
Minister of Culture   Alberto Ronchey 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Independent
Minister of Enviroinment   Francesco Rutelli 28 April 1993 4 May 1993 Greens
  Valdo Spini 4 May 1993 10 May 1994 Socialist Party
Minister of University, Scientific Research and Technology   Luigi Berlinguer 28 April 1993 4 May 1993 Democratic Party of the Left
  Umberto Colombo 4 May 1993 10 May 1994 Independent
Minister of Tourism   Carlo Azeglio Ciampi 28 April 1993 10 May 1994 Independent

Composition[edit]

President of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (Independent)

Secretary to the President of the Council of Ministers[edit]

Antonio Maccanico (PRI)

Ministers without portfolio[edit]

Social Affairs Fernanda Contri (PSI)
Coordination of Community Politics Valdo Spini (PSI) until 4 May 1993
Livio Paladin (Independent) from 4 May 1993
Civil Service Sabino Cassese (Independent)
Relations with Parliament Augusto Barbera (PDS) until 4 May 1993
Paolo Barile (Independent) from 4 May 1993
Electoral and Institutional Reform Leopoldo Elia (DC)

Ministers[edit]

Foreign Affairs[edit]

Minister Beniamino Andreatta (DC) until 19 April 1994
Leopoldo Elia (DC) from 19 April 1994
Secretaries Carmelo Azzarà (DC), Giuseppe Giacovazzo (DC), Laura Fincato (PSI)

Interior[edit]

Minister Nicola Mancino (DC)
Secretaries Antonino Murmura (DC), Saverio D'Aquino (PLI), Costantino Dell'Osso (PSI), Vito Riggio (DC, with responsibility for civil protection)

Grace and Justice[edit]

Minister Giovanni Conso (Independent)
Secretaries Vincenzo Binetti (DC), Daniela Mazzuconi (DC)

Budget and Economic Programme[edit]

Minister Luigi Spaventa (Independent)
Secretaries Luigi Grillo (DC), Florindo D'Aimmo (DC)

Finance[edit]

Minister Vincenzo Visco (PDS) until 4 May 1993
Franco Gallo (Independent) from 4 May 1993
Secretaries Paolo Bruno (PSDI, from 14 June 1993), Antonio Pappalardo (PSDI, until 22 May 1993), Stefano De Luca (PLI), Riccardo Triglia (DC)

Treasury[edit]

The department incorporated the Ministry of State Holdings following the aborted referendum of 1993.

Minister Piero Barucci (DC)
Secretaries Paolo De Paoli (PSDI), Piergiovanni Malvestio (DC), Maurizio Sacconi (PSI), Sergio Coloni (DC)

Defence[edit]

Minister Fabio Fabbri (PSI)
Secretaries Antonio Giagu Demartini (DC), Antonio Patuelli (PLI)

Public Instruction[edit]

Minister Rosa Iervolino Russo (DC)
Secretaries Giuseppe Matulli (DC), Antonio Mario Innamorato (PSI)

Public Works[edit]

Minister Francesco Merloni (DC)
Secretaries Achille Cutrera (PSI), Pino Pisicchio (DC)

Agricultural Resources, Food and Forestry[edit]

Name changed to Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry following the aborted referendum of 1993.

Minister Alfredo Luigi Diana (DC)
Secretaries Pasquale Diglio (PSI)

Transport[edit]

Department closed 24 December 1993, n. 537, art. 1, comma 8.

Minister Raffaele Costa (PLI)
Secretaries Giorgio Carta (PSDI), Michele Sellitti (PSI)

Mercantile Shipping[edit]

Department closed 24 December 1993, n. 537, art. 1, comma 8.

Minister Raffaele Costa (PLI) Ad interim.
Secretaries Giorgio Carta (PSDI), Michele Sellitti (PSI)

Transport and Navigation[edit]

Department instituted 24 December 1993, n. 537, art. 1, comma 9, by the merger of the Ministry of Transport and the Ministry of Mercantile Shipping.

Minister Raffaele Costa (PLI) from 1994
Secretaries Giorgio Carta (PSDI), Michele Sellitti (PSI)

Post and Telecommunications[edit]

Minister Maurizio Pagani (PSDI)
Secretaries Ombretta Fumagalli Carulli (DC)

Industry, Commerce and Craft[edit]

Minister Paolo Savona (Independent) until 19 April 1994
Paolo Baratta ad interim from 19 April 1994
Secretaries Germano De Cinque (DC), Rossella Artioli (PSI)

Health[edit]

Minister Maria Pia Garavaglia (DC)
Secretaries Nicola Savino (PSI), Publio Fiori (DC)

Foreign Trade[edit]

Minister Paolo Baratta (Independent)

Labour and Social Security[edit]

Minister Gino Giugni (PSI)
Secretaries Luciano Azzolini (DC), Sandro Principe (PSI)

Culture and Environment[edit]

Minister Alberto Ronchey (Independent)

Tourism and Entertainment[edit]

Minister Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, ad interim

The Environment[edit]

Minister Francesco Rutelli (FdV) until 4 May 1993
Valdo Spini (PSI) from 4 May 1993
Secretaries Roberto Formigoni (DC)

University, Scientific Research and Technology[edit]

Minister Luigi Berlinguer (PDS) until 4 May 1993
Umberto Colombo (Independent) from 4 May 1993
Secretaries Silvia Costa (DC)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peggy Polk (29 April 1993). "Non-politician Puts Italy on Fresh Course". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Luca Verzichelli; Maurizio Cotta (July 2012). "Technicians, technical government and non-partisan ministers. The Italian experience" (PDF). CirCap. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  3. ^ Patricia Clough (29 April 1993). "Ex-Communists join Italy's reform government". The Independent (Rome). Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  4. ^ Camera dei Deputati - XI Legislatura - Seduta n. 176
  5. ^ Senato della Repubblica - XI Legislatura - Seduta n. 154
  6. ^ Camera dei Deputati - XI Legislatura - Seduta n. 297