Ciarán of Clonmacnoise

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For the 6th-century bishop of Ossory, see Ciarán of Saigir.
Ciarán of Clonmacnoise
Birr St. Brendan's Church Saint Kieran Window Detail 2010 09 10.jpg
A stained glass of St. Ciaran from St. Brendan's Church, Birr, County Offaly, Ireland.
Abbot of Clonmacnoise
Born c.516
County Roscommon, Ireland
Died 544
Clonmacnoise, County Offaly, Ireland
Feast 9 September
Patronage Connacht[1]

Saint Ciarán of Clonmacnoise (c. 516 – c. 544),[2] supposedly born Ciarán mac an tSaeir ("son of the carpenter")[3][4]), was one of the Twelve Apostles of Ireland[5] and the first abbot of Clonmacnoise. He is sometimes called Ciarán the Younger to distinguish him from the other 6th-century Saint Ciarán who was bishp of Osraige. His name produced many variant spellings, including Ceran, Kieran and Queran.

Life[edit]

Ciarán (left) and Diarmait mac Cerbaill depicted on the Cross of the Scriptures, driving in a stake at the foundation of Clonmacnoise.[6]

Ciarán was born in around 516 in County Roscommon, Connacht, in Ireland.[3] His father was a carpenter and chariot maker.[7] He was a student of Finian's at Clonard and in time became a teacher, himself.[3] In about 534, he left Clonard for Aran where he was ordained a priest, and studied under Saint Enda of Aran, who advised him to build a church and monastery in the middle of Ireland.[3] Later, he travelled to Senan on Scattery Island (in about 541). In 544, he finally settled in Clonmacnoise, where he founded the Monastery of Clonmacnoise with ten fellow companions.[8] As abbot, he worked on the first buildings of the monastery; however, he died about seven months later of a plague, in his early thirties.[3] His feast day is 9 September.[3]

Legends[edit]

Various legends are connected to St Ciarán. One of the most famous relates that it was his cow – which he took with him as payment when he went to Clonard and gave milk to all at the Abbey – which supplied the parchment for the Leobr na h'Uidre, Book of the Dun Cow, one of the oldest and most important Irish literary collections, compiled by a Clonmacnoise scribe in 1106.[4]

One story tells that he lent his copy of the Gospel of St Matthew to fellow-student St Ninnidh. When Finnian tested the class, Ciaran knew only the first half of the Gospel. The other students laughed and called him “Ciaran half-Matthew.” St Finnian silenced them and said, “Not Ciaran half-Matthew, but Ciaran half-Ireland, for he will have half the country and the rest of us will have the other half.” [7]

Another tale relates that as a student, a young fox would take his writings to his master, until it was old enough to eat his satchel. Yet another tale tells of the other Irish saints envying him to such a degree that every one of them (apart from St Columba) prayed for his early death; and finally, he is supposed to have told his followers that upon his death, they were to leave his bones upon the hillside, and to preserve his spirit rather than his relics.[8]

Legacy[edit]

Clonmacnoise viewed from the river.

The monastery at Clonmacnoise became one of the most important centres of learning and religious life in Ireland. Unusually, the title of abbot – which included the title "Comarba of Saint Ciarán" – at the community was not hereditary, which reflected the humble origins of its founder. It managed to survive the plunderings of the Viking raids and the Anglo-Norman wars, and was only destroyed during the Dissolution of the Monasteries, in 1552. The ruins still exist, and remain a centre of civic and religious activity to this day.

The treasures of Ciarán's shrine were dispersed throughout the Medieval era; although the Clonmacnoise Crozier still exists and is stored in the National Museum of Ireland.[8]

A primary school in Hartstown, Dublin 15 is named after Saint Ciaran.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Challoner, Richard. A Memorial of Ancient British Piety: or, a British Martyrology, p. 127. W. Needham, 1761. Accessed 14 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Saint Kieran (Ciaran) founder of Clonmacnoise Monastery, Ireland", Orthodox Outlet for Dogmatic Enquiries
  3. ^ a b c d e f Healy, John (1 March 1908), "Abbey and School of Clonmacnoise", The Catholic Encyclopedia (New York: Robert Appleton Company) IV, retrieved 9 February 2008 
  4. ^ a b Scherman, Katharine (1981), The Flowering of Ireland : Saints, Scholars, and Kings, Boston: Little, Brown, p. 123, ISBN 978-0-316-77284-6 
  5. ^ Gratton-Flood, W.H. (1 March 1907), "The Twelve Apostles of Erin", The Catholic Encyclopedia (New York: Robert Appleton Company) I, retrieved 9 February 2008 
  6. ^ Byrne, Francis John (1973), Irish Kings and High-Kings, London: Batsford, p. 91, ISBN 0-7134-5882-8 
  7. ^ a b "St Ciaran of Clonmacnois", Orthodox Church in America
  8. ^ a b c Farmer, David Hugh (1997). The Oxford dictionary of saints (4. ed. ed.). Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press. p. 102. ISBN 9780192800589. 

External links[edit]