Cibola National Wildlife Refuge

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Cibola National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Map showing the location of Cibola National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Cibola National Wildlife Refuge
Map of the United States
Location La Paz County, Arizona / Imperial County, California, United States
Nearest city Palo Verde, California
Coordinates 33°18′42″N 114°41′21″W / 33.3116995°N 114.6891244°W / 33.3116995; -114.6891244Coordinates: 33°18′42″N 114°41′21″W / 33.3116995°N 114.6891244°W / 33.3116995; -114.6891244[1]
Area 16,627 acres (67.29 km2)
Established 1964
Governing body U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
http://www.fws.gov/southwest/refuges/CibolaNWR/

Cibola National Wildlife Refuge is a U.S. National Wildlife Refuge in the floodplain of the lower Colorado River between Arizona and California and surrounded by a fringe of desert ridges and washes. The refuge encompasses both the historic Colorado River channel as well as a channelized portion constructed in the late 1960s. Along with these main waterbodies, several important backwaters are home to many wildlife species that reside in this Yuma Desert portion of the Sonoran Desert. Because of the river's life-sustaining water, wildlife here survive in an environment that reaches 120 °F (49 °C) in the summer and receives an average of only 2 inches (5.1 cm) of rain per year.

Ecological importance[edit]

The Refuge is one of the last major stop overs of the Pacific Flyway for migratory birds. Over 250 species of birds have been identified at Cibola NWR, including Canada Geese, Sandhill Cranes, Snowy Egrets, and the endangered Southwestern Willow Flycatcher. Other species that inhabit the area include Mule Deer, Gamble's Quail, Bobcat, Golden Eagles, and Coyotes.

Conservation[edit]

Cibola NWR undertakes major projects annually including the conservation of a desert pupfish population, one of three that exist in Arizona.

Invasive species removal enhances the natural riparian habitat and provides hunting opportunities. In return, populations are regulated, and the sustainability of the ecosystem is maintained.

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

  1. ^ "Cibola National Wildlife Refuge". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey.