Ciboney

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For the language family, see Ciboney languages.

The Ciboney or Siboney were an indigenous people of Cuba. The historical Ciboney appear to have been a Western Taíno group living in central Cuba during the early 16th century. However, confusion in the historical sources led 20th-century scholars to apply the name "Ciboney" to the non-Taíno Guanahatabey of western Cuba and various archaic cultures around the Caribbean.

Overview[edit]

Over the years, many theories have been brought forth as to how the Ciboney people arrived to the Caribbean. Many of these theories have a weak foundation due to insufficient evidence. It is explained in the book Liberties Lost: Caribbean Indigenous Societies and Slave Systems (2004), "The most popular view now is that the Ciboney were from pre-farming cultures that entered the Antilles from South America, not as one ethnic group, but as waves of different migrants over a very long period of time."[1] Study of genetic specimens seems to support this South American origin, and possibly Central American, as well.[2]

When the Europeans arrived, the Ciboney had already been driven by their powerful Taíno neighbors to western Hispaniola (Haiti) and western Cuba.[3] The Ciboney of Cuba and Hispaniola were culturally different from each other; those of Cuba went by the name Guanajatabey. Within a century after European contact, the Ciboney were extinct.[citation needed]

The Ciboney languages are unattested apart from a single word of Guanajatabey.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Excerpt (pdf)[dead link], Beckles, Hilary McD., and Shepherd, Verene A. "The Indigenous Caribbean People." Liberties Lost: The Indigenous Caribbean and Slave Systems. Cambridge UP, 2004. 5. Print.
  2. ^ Lalueza-Fox, C.; Gilbert, M.T.P.; Martinez-Fuentes, A.J.; Calafell, F.; Bertranpetit, J. (June 2003). "Mitochondrial DNA from pre-Columbian Ciboneys from Cuba and the prehistoric colonization of the Caribbean". American Journal of Physical Anthropology (Wiley-Liss, Inc.) 121 (2): 97(12). doi:10.1002/ajpa.10236. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Online, Ciboney. (2010). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved August 03, 2010.

References[edit]