Reyhanlı

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Reyhanlı
Reyhanlı is located in Turkey
Reyhanlı
Reyhanlı
Coordinates: 36°16′09″N 36°34′02″E / 36.26917°N 36.56722°E / 36.26917; 36.56722Coordinates: 36°16′09″N 36°34′02″E / 36.26917°N 36.56722°E / 36.26917; 36.56722
Country Turkey
Province Hatay
Government
 • Mayor Hüseyin Şanverdi (AKP)
 • Kaymakam Cemalettin Yılmaz
Area[1]
 • District 409.97 km2 (158.29 sq mi)
Elevation 158 m (518 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 63,563
 • District 89,093
 • District density 220/km2 (560/sq mi)
Post code 31500
Website www.reyhanli.bel.tr

Reyhanlı (pronounced [ɾ̝ejˈhan.ɫɯ]; Arabic: الريحانية‎, ar-Rayḥānīyah) is a town and district of Hatay Province, on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey, near the country's border with Syria.

History[edit]

Formerly known as İrtah and Reyhaniye, Reyhanlı has been settled by Turks since the 16th century especially with Turkish "muhacir" (refugees), Turkic tribes from Rey and later in the 19th century from the Caucasus and Cyprus.

2013 bombings[edit]

The 2013 Reyhanlı bombings were a terrorist attack that involved the explosion of two car bombs in Reyhanlı on 11 May 2013. 51 people were killed, and 140 more were injured in the attack.[3] The car bombs were left outside Reyhanlı's town hall and post office. The first exploded at around 1:45PM local time, (10:45 GMT)[3] and the second exploded about 15 minutes later. People attempting to help those injured in the first explosion were caught in the second blast.[4] This attack was the deadliest single act of terrorism to occur on Turkish soil.[5][6]

Geography[edit]

The climate is typical of the Mediterranean region, and Reyhanlı is an agricultural district watered from Reyhanlı reservoir, growing cotton, wheat and other grains and raising cattle, sheep and goats.

The town lies on the main road between İskenderun and Aleppo. The border crossing point at Cilvegözü, 5 kilometres (3 miles) south east of Reyhanlı town, is the busiest land border post between Turkey and Syria.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ a b "Death toll rises to 42 as explosions hit Turkish town on border with Syria". Hurriyet Daily News. 11 May 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "Blasts kill dozens in Turkish town Reyhanli on Syria border". BBC News. 11 May 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "Deadliest Terror Attack in Turkey's History Might Be Another Attempt to Derail Peace Talks? But Which One? Syria or PKK?". The Istanbulian. 11 May 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "Turkey Blames Syria’s Assad for Its Deadliest Terror Attack". Bloomberg News. 11 May 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  7. ^ Lonely Planet Turkey