|Nickname(s): Kota Hijau ( Green City )|
|Motto: Saluyu Ngawangun Jati Mandiri|
|• Mayor||Hj. Atty Suharti Tochija, S.E.|
|• Total||40.25 km2 (15.54 sq mi)|
|Elevation||768 m (2,520 ft)|
|• Total||566.200 (BPS 2,009)|
|Time zone||WIB (UTC+7)|
Cimahi (Indonesian pronunciation: [tʃimahi]) is a city located west of Bandung, West Java, Indonesia in the Bandung Metropolitan Area. The city is a major textile producer exporter, and is host to several military education facilities.
Under the colonial Dutch East Indies government Cimahi was the location of one of the region's main military sites.
Cimahi, located about 120 kilometres (75 mi) southeast of Jakarta, between Bandung Regency and West Bandung Regency. Its elevation at its peaks up north in the Cimahi Utara Subdistrict, Cipageran Village is 1,040 metres above sea level with its lowest elevation 685 metres down south in the cimahi selatan sub district, melong village, cimahi average elevation was around 800 metres and is surrounded by up to 2,400 m (7,874 ft) high Late Tertiary and Quaternary volcanic terrain. The river flown throughout cimahi was Cimahi river with its average water debit 3830 liter/second. Cimahi is situated in the north western part of 2,340.88 km² wide of the Bandung Basin; the basin comprises the Cimahi city, Bandung City, part of Bandung Regency, part of West Bandung Regency, and part of Sumedang Regency. The basin's main river is the Citarum; The Bandung Basin is an important source of water for drinking water, irrigation and fisheries, and its 6,147 million m³ of groundwater is a major reservoir for the Bandung Metropolitan Area.
The northern part of the city is hillier than the rest; the distinguished truncated flat-peak shape of the Tangkuban Parahu volcano (Tangkuban Parahu literally means 'up-turned boat' in the sundanese dialect) and the Burangrang Mountain (the inactive part of the once Vulcanic Mount Sunda) can be seen from the city to the north. Long-term volcanic activity has created fertile andisol soil in the north, suitable for intensive rice, fruit, tea, tobacco and coffee plantations. To the east of cimahi there was Tagog apu (a limestone hill, a remnant of the 20-30 Million Years old bandung sea).
Geological data shows that the Bandung Basin is located on an ancient volcano, known as Mount Sunda, erected up to 3,000–4,000 metres (9,850–13,100 ft) during the Pleistocene age. Two large-scale eruptions took place; the first formed the basin and the other (est. 55,000 Before Present) blocked the Citarum river, turning the basin into a lake known as "the Great Lake of Bandung". The lake drained away; the reason for which is the subject of ongoing debate among geologists, few option believed the water was drained through underground waterways on the tagog apu limestone area, with its thousand even ten thousands years of water erosion on the limestone underground hill which build a natural water disposal of the great Lake Bandung.
Relevance with geological fact
Sangkuriang is a legend among Sundanese people, Indonesia. The legend tells about the creation of lake Bandung, Mount Tangkuban Parahu, Mount Burangrang and Mount Bukit Tunggul (Tagog Apu Area).
Recent geological investigations indicate that the oldest lake deposits has been radiometrically dated as old as 125 thousand years. The lake ceased to exist at 16000 Before present (BP).
There had been two Plinian type of eruptions of ancient Mount Sunda dated respectively at 105000 and 55000-50000 BP. The second plinian eruption has caused ancient Gunung Sunda’s caldera to collapse and create mount Tangkuban Parahu, Mount Burangrang (Mount Sunda), and Mount Bukit Tunggul.
It is more likely that the ancient Sundanese have lived in the Bandung area long before 16,000 years BP and witnessed the second Plinian eruption which wiped out settlements west of the Cikapundung river (north and northwest of Bandung) during the 55000-50000 eruption period when Mount Tangkuban Parahu was created from the remnants of ancient Mount Sunda. This era was the era of homo sapiens; they have been identified in South Australia as old as 62000 BP, while on Java the Wajak man has been dated about 50000 BP.
Cimahi started known publicly in 1811, when Governor General Daendels made the Anyer-Panarukan Roads, which connect Java Island from its western to its eastern end. There was built a security post, known as LOJI in Cimahi Square. Furthermore around 1874-1893, in Cimahi a railway station was built as a sub station that connected Bandung to Cianjur. 1886 was marked as Cimahi military era, when the Dutch colonialism built military training and education center from infantry, cavalry, supply, and other facility such as Dustira Army Hospital and latter on the army Housing complex KPAD Sriwijaya. There is a Dutch military cemetery, Villages of Leuwigajah, maintained and occasionally visited by Dutch visitors to West Java. In the Year 1935 Cimahi was formed as a district (Kecamatan). In 1962 it was enhanced to became a Regency (Kawedanan or Kabupaten) comprising four Districts - Cimahi, Padalarang, Batujajar, and Cipatat. Alongside its journey on 1975 with Government Rule no 25 (PP no 29 tahun 1975) it received higher status as an administrative city (a resident which will become a city), which officially announced by the Indonesian government on 29 January 1976. Finally, based on Law No 9 in 2001 (UU No 9 Tahun 2001), Cimahi was publicly proclaimed as a whole city, Cimahi City, which has a fully autonomy rule on its government, healtcare, education and culture, defense, trade and other thing besides foreign affair.
The city area in 2001 was 40.25 square kilometres. The city administration is divided into three districts (kecamatan), subdivided into 15 Villages (Kelurahan). A mayor (walikota) leads the city administration with the help of the city council members or known as the Regional People's Representative Council (DPRD - Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah).
Cimahi is divided into 3 districts (with 2010 Census population shown):
- Cimahi Utara (North Cimahi) 147,484
Villages: Pasirkaliki, Cibabat, Citeureup, Cipageran.
- Cimahi Tengah (Central Cimahi) 163,070
Villages: Baros, Cigugur Tengah, Karang Mekar, Setiamanah, Padasuka, Cimahi.
- Cimahi Selatan (South Cimahi) 230,623
Villages: Melong, Cibeber, Utama, Cibeureum, Leuwigajah.
Taman Kupu-kupu or Butterfly Garden at Cihanjuang, Cimahi besides has butterfly breeding, has also rabbit breeding.