||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2014)|
|Country||Republic of Moldova|
|• Raion President||Ion Veveriță (PLDM), since 2011|
|• Total||923 km2 (356 sq mi)|
|• Density||66.4/km2 (172/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+373 41|
The earliest documented locations are Sagaidac, Javgur and Gura Galbenei, first mentioned from 1605 to 1670. The district was settled by Moldovans, unlike Leova District to the west. During the 17th and 18th centuries agriculture (primarily wine-making) predominated, with a significant increase in population. In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812), Bessarabia was occupied by the Russian Empire until 1917 and the native population was Russified. In 1918, after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania; from 1918–1940 and 1941–1944, the district was part of Lăpușna County. In 1940, following the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Bessarabia was occupied by the Soviet Union. In 1991, as a result of the independence of Moldova, the district was part of Lăpușna County until 2003 (when it became an administrative unit of Moldova).
The district is located in the southern Republic of Moldova. It is bordered by Hîncești District and Ialoveni District on the north, Căușeni District on the east and Gagauzia, Basarabeasca District and the Ukraine border on the south. The northern part of the district is hilly, where the Central Moldavian Plateau rises to 250 metres (820 ft); elevations in the rest of the district rang from 50 to 200 metres (160 to 660 ft). Erosion is not a serious problem.
Cimişlia District has a temperate continental climate with an average annual temperature of 10–10.5 °C (50.0–50.9 °F). The July average temperature is 22–23 °C (72–73 °F), and −4 °C (25 °F) in January. Annual precipitation is 450–550 millimetres (18–22 in). The average wind speed is 2–5 metres per second (4.5–11.2 mph).
- Births (2010): 570 (9.2 per 1000)
- Deaths (2010): 830 (13.4 per 1000)
- Growth rate (2010): -260 (-4.2 per 1000)
|Ethnic group||Population||% of total*|
- Christians - 98.0%
- Other - 1.2%
- None 0.8%
The district has 10,856 registered businesses. Agricultural land comprises 55,000 hectares (210 sq mi), 59.6 percent of the total land area. Arable land is 45,575 hectares (175.97 sq mi), 49.4 percent of the total land area. Orchards make up 2,298 hectares (8.87 sq mi) (2.5 percent), vineyards 6,436 hectares (24.85 sq mi) (7 percent) and pastures 11,897 hectares (45.93 sq mi) (12.9 percent of total area).
The district has 34 schools, with a total enrollment of 9,079 children (including 300 professional school students). There are 740 teachers.
|2010||56.49% 14,646||38.89% 10,084|
|July 2009||52.44% 13,391||43.98% 11,233|
|April 2009||29.75% 6,637||56.79% 14,006|
|Parties and coalitions||Votes||%||+/−|
|Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova||10,084||38.89||−5.09|
|Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova||8,738||33.70||+17.19|
|Democratic Party of Moldova||4,003||15,44||-0.66|
|European Action Movement||266||1.03||+1.03|
|Total (turnout 57.25%)||26,191||100.00||
- Discuție:Raionul Cimișlia (Romanian)