Cimișlia is a district ( Moldovan: ) in southern raion Moldova, with its administrative center at Cimișlia. On January 1, 2011 its population was 61,700.
History [ edit ]
The earliest documented locations are
Sagaidac, Javgur and Gura Galbenei, first mentioned from 1605 to 1670. The district was settled by Moldovans, unlike Leova District to the west. During the 17th and 18th centuries agriculture (primarily wine-making) predominated, with a significant increase in population. In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812), Bessarabia was occupied by the Russian Empire until 1917 and the native population was Russified. In 1918, after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania; from 1918–1940 and 1941–1944, the district was part of Lăpușna County. In 1940, following the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Bessarabia was occupied by the Soviet Union. In 1991, as a result of the independence of Moldova, the district was part of Lăpușna County until 2003 (when it became an administrative unit of Moldova).
Geography [ edit ]
The district is located in the southern
Republic of Moldova. It is bordered by Hîncești District and Ialoveni District on the north, Căușeni District on the east and Gagauzia, Basarabeasca District and the Ukraine border on the south. The northern part of the district is hilly, where the Central Moldavian Plateau rises to 250 metres (820 ft); elevations in the rest of the district rang from 50 to 200 metres (160 to 660 ft). Erosion is not a serious problem.
Climate [ edit ]
Cimişlia District has a
temperate continental climate with an average annual temperature of 10–10.5 °C (50.0–50.9 °F). The July average temperature is 22–23 °C (72–73 °F), and −4 °C (25 °F) in January. Annual precipitation is 450–550 millimetres (18–22 in). The average wind speed is 2–5 metres per second (4.5–11.2 mph).
The district has typical
European fauna, with mammals such as foxes, hedgehogs, deer, wild boar, polecat, wild cat and ermine. Birds include partridge, crows, eagles, starlings and swallows.
Forests of the district include oak, ash, hornbeam, linden, maple and walnut. Plants include wormwood, denial, knotweed, fescue and nettles.
The district is in the
Black Sea basin, and the main river is the 183-kilometre (114 mi) Cogalnic. Most lakes are man-made.
Administrative subdivisions [ edit ]
Cimişlia Communes: 16
Demographics [ edit ]
On 1 January 2012 the district's population was 61,300, of which 23.2 percent was
urban and 76.8 percent was rural.
Births (2010): 570 (9.2 per 1000)
Deaths (2010): 830 (13.4 per 1000) Growth rate (2010): -260 (-4.2 per 1000)
Ethnic groups [ edit ]
Religion [ edit ]
Economy [ edit ]
The district has 10,856 registered
businesses. Agricultural land comprises 55,000 hectares (210 sq mi), 59.6 percent of the total land area. Arable land is 45,575 hectares (175.97 sq mi), 49.4 percent of the total land area. Orchards make up 2,298 hectares (8.87 sq mi) (2.5 percent), vineyards 6,436 hectares (24.85 sq mi) (7 percent) and pastures 11,897 hectares (45.93 sq mi) (12.9 percent of total area).
Education [ edit ]
The district has 34 schools, with a total enrollment of 9,079 children (including 300
professional school students). There are 740 teachers.
Politics [ edit ]
The district favors
centre-right parties, particularly the AEI (which has increased 120.7 percent in support in the last three elections). The PCRM has lost ground in the last three elections.
Parliament elections results
56.49% 14,646 38.89%
52.44% 13,391 43.98%
April 2009 29.75%
Elections [ edit ]
Culture [ edit ]
The district has a
museum, 15 works of art, 14 musical ensembles and 39 public libraries.
Healthcare [ edit ]
The district has a 200-bed
hospital, a 14-office family-practice center and six health centers. There are 65 doctors, 217 personal-care aides and 115 auxiliary medical personnel.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
Coordinates: 46°35′N 28°50′E / 46.583°N 28.833°E