Cimino family

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Cimino or Cimini is the name of one or many different families possibly originating from Orvieto. The origin of the name is disputed, but certainly a branch of the family has taken the name from the Cimini Hills, in Latium. The origin of the Cimini name in this context goes back to the Etruscan era. The use of Cimini as a family name can be traced through history. In a study of family names in Roman Legions, the name DeCiminus is found[1] C. Catullius DeCiminus of Troyes was a Roman Federal priest of the Roman Cult in 210 AD,[2] who dies in Lyon.[3] The name Ciminius is also documented in "Repertorium nominum gentilium et cognominum latinorum"[4] Additionally the "The Journal of Archaeology" states "Ciminius" as a known gentilitium nomina in ancient Rome [5] The ending "nius" is a clear indicator to the names Etruscan origin (which also may have the ending "na". C. Ciminius is registered as vicomagister year 136 AD, under viator sodalium Augustalium, Ti Claudius Aug l. Lysimachus,[6] 1st half of the 1st century AD, probably of Claudian period.[7]

DNA on Cimino family shows that a group belongs to E1b1b1a1b, E-V13,[8] and is estimated to have arrived in Europe from western Asia either in the later Mesolithic or the Neolithic.[9]

The family was important predominantly during the Middle Ages. In Rome the family is noted for having a fortification in Forum Romanum, including half the Arch of Septimius Severus of Severus (Claustrum Cimini[10]); the other half was in 1199 given by Pope Innocent III to the church of S Sergio and Bacco. The stronghold included a tower placed on top of the arch itself.[11]

In 1181, Johannes de Cimino (1150–1212) was mentioned as Archbishop of Dublin. This Cimino is stated to be of English descent.[12] In England and Ireland known as John Comyn, he was consecrated priest on 21 March 1182 in Lazio in Velletri, Lazio. Johannes de Cimino is attributed with founding St. Patrick's Cathedral, after demolishing the existing church.

Jacopo de Cimini was made Podestà of Orvieto in 1248. Teodorico was commander in Florence in 1262. Biagio de Cimini was ambassador to the Papal States for Gentile Orsini, Podestà of Orvieto[13]

The family achieved additional nobility in Regno (historical name of the Kingdom of Naples) at the end of 1267. Bartolomeo is registered to be in the kingdom 1280. In 1290 Nicolo Cimino was made tax collector in Calabria. Tommaso, Pietro and Riccardo inherit the feudal lands of Rinaldo and a certain Filippo Cimino is made adviser (consigliere)in Vico.

In 1273 three Cimino brothers, Tomaso, Pietro and Rinaldo, were sent to L'Aquila. In 1423 Urbano Marino Cimino was given as a gift, from the crown, half the territory of Gabella della Garaffa dei Passi d'Abruzzi, Gabella dei Flagello and a castle in the upper part of Salerno. Urbano was made governor with royal mandate during the time queen Giovanna had left the crown to Renato d'Angio. Renato left the governing of the crown to 16 governors, until he could resume the crown, of which Urbano Cimino was one.[14]

In October of 1559, from Isabella di Toledo, widow of the count Francesco Spinelli, and as the guardian of the Lady Francesca Spinelli the single daughter and single heir of the count, sold, with Royal consent, the land of Caccuri to Giovan Bernardino Cimino for the sum of 16500 ducati. The estate passed to his son Giulio Ceasare Cimino in 1569.[15] / Due to financial issues the estate transfers to the hands of Francesco Carafa and the to Camillo Sersale, and then back to a certain Franceso Cimino in 1589, for the sum of 15000 ducati. Attributed to the bad government of Spinelli and also a terrible plague that spread in 1528 in neighboring Cerenzia, many people of the country abandoned Caccuri and transferred mostly, to St. Giovanni in Fiore. Cimino with the bad government continuing, indeed, became suffocating beyond measure and to aggravate the conditions of caccuresi contributed a massive presence of the clergy of the people. Just think that in 1621, for a population of just 800 inhabitants there were as many as 18 priests under the archpriest, the priest and the monks of St. Dominic, St. Francis and the Abbey of St. Bernard. In 1638 there was a terrible earthquake and floods and hailstorms in 1679 completely destroyed the crops, with the follow next year famine. Perhaps to avoid these evils ingratiating the favor of Mary, a group of caccuresi churches, with the aid of Father Provinciale of Preachers, the granting of a room of the Convent to erect a chapel, the congregation of the Holy Rosary.The congregation of Our Lady of the Rosary, in time, became more and more important, in fact, July 24, 1824 obtained from Pope Leo XII that anyone would visit the church during the feast of the Holy Rosary and every Sunday of the year acquire a plenary indulgence which gave cause to a massive presence of pilgrims from the countries neighboring provinces. Givannibattista Cimino, because of their debts, lost in 1651 the entire estate, which was bought at auction by Antonio Cavalcanti [16] Giovanni Battista Vico (1668–1744) wrote a sonnet to: "Del Cavalier Francesco Cimini" and "Poesie del P. Antonio Cimini".[17]

A certain Leonardo Cimini moved from Orvieto to Messina, Sicily, and joined in matrimony with the noble family of Calasali from Messina. Leonardos son Pietro lived in Noto, whose son Giacomo was made Patrizio of his homeland by King Martino and the queen Maria, in 1396. His son Giovanni became a lawyer and was promoted by King Alfonso to the office of "Avocato Fiscale del Regno". Giovanni's son Giacomo became several times "Capitano" and "Ciurato".[18] Among the important families of Rome in 1500, the Cimini family is mentioned, living in the Colonna region.[19] Among the noble families of Vico Equense the family of Cimini is registered in 1671.[20] A branch of this family achieved sovereign privileges 10 March 1586, in Taranto, and also recorded as "Patrizia" there. Tommasso Cimini was recorded coming to Lucera in 1605, where he married Barbara Tauro, of a distinguished Luceran family, and had their son Giuseppe. The family is mentioned in the "Capella gentilizia de Signora Cimino nella Chiesa de PP. Cappoccini di Lucera".[21] On 27 October 1788, a branch of the Cimino family were created as Marquis of terra di Casolla Valenzano.[22]

This family is also registered as part of the nobility in Tropea.[23] In 1670 the family was registered among the barons and feudal lords of Abruzzo Citra[24] Cimino was counted among the families of the Carafa family in 1700[25] referenced relations to. And in 1738 "Cimini" is registered among the important families of Opi of Abbruzzi.[26] A branch of the Cimini family was accepted to be included among the nobility in Recanati year 1710.[27] The Palace of the Cimini family in Recanati is from the 18th century, in its current state, Palazzo Belli-Nicoletti[28]

This ancient family had its noble privileges confirmed in 1341 by king of Naples Robert Anjou and by king of Naples Ladislas Anjou – Durazzo in 1407.[13] King Ladislas sent to Calabria Nicola Cimini as deputy treasurer for the whole of the duchy[29] This family also attained the title Counts of Nicastro.[13]

Notable family members[edit]

1st century[edit]

  • C. Ciminius, vicomagister, Viator Sodalium Augustalium,Rome [7]

2nd century[edit]

  • C. Cattullius DeCiminus, Roman Fedral Priest, Lyon [3]

12th century[edit]

  • Johannes de Cimino (1150–1212) (this spelling of John Comyn is only found once in a papal bull of 1183), Archbishop of Dublin 1181, consecrated in Velltri, Lazio, Italy the same year.

13th century[edit]

  • Jacapo di Cimini, Podestà of Orvieto 1248,[13]
  • Nicolo Jacapo de Cimini, Nobleman of Rione di Colonna in Rome[30]

14th century[edit]

  • Giovanni Battista Cimini, made Bishop of Vico Equense year 1300, by Pope Boniface VIII[31] Giovanni Battista, lays the foundation for the chapel "San Gio. Evangelisti". He died in 1343, and is buried in the chapel in an elaborate marble sarcophagus.[32]
  • Rufino de Cimino, archdeacon of Tolensis, papal Nunzio for pope John XXII to kingdom of Hungry, 1317-1320[33][34]
  • Tommasso Cimini, Canon of Rieti d. ca 1340[35]
  • Cecco di Cimini, Podestà of Rieti, noted in the war between Castelfranco and Rieti 1394[36]

15th century[edit]

16th century[edit]

  • Bernardino Cimino, Baron of Caccuri in 1559 .[15]
  • Giulio Ceasare Cimini, Baron of Caccuri in 1569 .[15]

17th century[edit]

  • Francesco Marie, bishop of Tarsi and Commander of Santo Spirito church, in Rome[13]
  • Paolo Cimino, Baron of Curaro, 1609 in Napoli[40]
  • Scipone Cimino, Tropea +1567[41] Notarius Publicus (1616–1627),[42]
  • Francesco Cimino, Baron of Caccuri partly sponsoring the Carmelite mission to Persia in 1604[43] Francesco Cimino also wantd to sponsor the setting up of an educational center inn Rome to teach Turkish prisoner the Christian faithe and thhen send the back to Turkey as missionaries, he was instead convinced to sponsor the recapture of Mount Carmel, the founding place of the order of the Carmelites. He also sponsored a convent in Rome for the Carmelite order. an Epigraph with the following text can be seen: Illustrissimo domino Francesco Cimino Baroni de Caccuri Nepolitano quod seminarii Carmel discalceat ad fidei propagationem primus fuerit ex aere fundator [44]
  • Pietro Paulo Cimini, Bishop of Bagnorea +1649[13]
  • Giovanni Battista Cimino, Major of Tropea 1671[45]
  • Giovanni Battista Cimini, Papal perfumist, and donator of Chapel Cimini in Sant'Antonio dei Portoghesi in Rome, which center piece was carved by Giacinto Calandrucci (1646–1707).
  • Antonio Cimino, Notarius Publicus, Tropea (1679–1713)[46][47]
  • Giovanni Battista Cimino. Sr, Notarius Publicus, (1636–1689) Tropea[48]
  • Dottore Francesco Maria Cimino, Cavaliere dell'Ordine di Calatrava ed Accademico degli Arditi [49] Cavalier Francesco Cimino is also known through the sonnet attributed to him by Giambattista Vico [17]

18th century[edit]

  • Angiola Cimini, Marchesana della Petrella, 1700–1727, Famous Italian noble woman through her friendship with Giambattista Vico, who wrote an epilogue to her funeral in 1727[50]
  • Giovanni Battista Cimino. Jr, Notarius Publicus, (1720–1773) Tropea[51]
  • Giovanni Battista Cimini, Priori[52]
  • Giovanni Battista Cimini, was made Count by Ferdinand, Duke of Mantua, 20 August 1682[13]
  • Carlo Antonio Cimini, 1632 Baron of Opi, Abruzzo * Lucia Cimini, opera singer at in Venice, noted for the role of "Berenice" in 1673, and referred to as "that miraculous virtuosa".[53]
  • Nicolo Cimino, Knights Hospitaller, 29 February 1692, Priory of Capua[54]
  • Edoardo Cimini, was made Marquis by Charles VI (Luxemburg, 2 May 1733). He also acquired the title "Patrizio é di Crotone"
  • Sister Angela Cimini, from Spiano outside Teramo, Abruzzi.
  • Gaetano Cimini born in Maiori 1753 married with Maria Amatruda.Paper factoryowner.[55]
  • Pasqual Cimino, Notarius Publicus, (1720–1779) Tropea[56]

19th century[edit]

  • Francesco Cimini. Paper factory owner in Amalfi, 1800[55]

20th century[edit]

  • Serafino Cimino da Capri, Minister General of the "Order of Friars Minor"(Franciscans) (1915–1921), Apostolic Delegate of Mexico (1924–1925), Titular Archbishop of Cyrrhus (1924–1928), Apostolic Nuncio of Peru (1925–1928)[57]
  • Dr. Stefano Della Pietra Cimini. Mayor of Maiori 2005–2009
  • Leandro Antonio Cimino (1967). Administrador de Empresas, Corrector de Imóveis,Comendador pela Sociedade Brasileira de Heráldica e Humanística,(2009), Ordem do Mérito Cívico e Cultural.*Membro da Ordem dos Empresários do Brasil.*Membro da Câmara dos Investidores do Mercado Imobiliário Nacional Ordenados.<Brasil>.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lindley, Page 167
  2. ^ AthenaPub b
  3. ^ a b Crete-Protin, page 35
  4. ^ Heikki Solin et Olli Salomies, Page 250
  5. ^ The Archaeological Journal, page 181
  6. ^ Rupke, page 991-992
  7. ^ a b Rupke, page 257
  8. ^ Family Tree DNA
  9. ^ Genetic history of Europe
  10. ^ Hûlsen and Carter, page 86
  11. ^ Hinterhöller, page 16
  12. ^ Annales Hibernie, M1180.3
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Istituto Di Ricerca Aternum
  14. ^ Aldimari, page 71 ff 1691
  15. ^ a b c Galasso, page 52-53
  16. ^ Rugiero, page 24-25
  17. ^ a b Michelet, page 349-350
  18. ^ Mugnos
  19. ^ Gregorovius, page 778
  20. ^ Galeota 1671, page 125
  21. ^ Troyli 1752 page 116
  22. ^ Bonazzi, 1902
  23. ^ Toraldo page 162
  24. ^ Collegio Araldico 1935
  25. ^ Aldimari,Biagio,1700,vol 3, imag. no 50
  26. ^ Corsigniani, 1736 page 24
  27. ^ Moroni page 211
  28. ^ docartis.com, Comune di Recanati, Casa & Palazzi
  29. ^ Cutolo, 1969
  30. ^ Archivio della Società romana di storia patria
  31. ^ Moroni Romano, 1860, page 20
  32. ^ Parascandolo, 1858
  33. ^ Sopronii
  34. ^ Ganoczy
  35. ^ Brentano, 1994
  36. ^ Salvati, 2006
  37. ^ Villarosa 1841
  38. ^ Castelli
  39. ^ MOSTO, da, page 244
  40. ^ Ragosta, 2009
  41. ^ Toraldo, page 164
  42. ^ Archivo di Stato di Vibo Valentia, vol 1
  43. ^ Anderson 1998
  44. ^ Barrio, page 349
  45. ^ Toraldo page 9
  46. ^ Toraldo page 170
  47. ^ Archivo di Stato di Vibo Valentia, vol 24
  48. ^ Archivo di Stato di Vibo Valentia, vol 52
  49. ^ Cimino, 1698
  50. ^ Hanafi, 169 ff.
  51. ^ Archivo di Stato di Vibo Valentia, vol 58
  52. ^ Collegio Araldico 1926, page 450
  53. ^ Selfridge-Field, page 111
  54. ^ Bonazzi
  55. ^ a b Marino-Montero
  56. ^ Archivo di Stato di Vibo Valentia, vol 29
  57. ^ GCatholic.org

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