Cimitero Maggiore di Milano
|Size||678,624 square metres (7,304,650 sq ft)|
|Number of interments||over 500.000|
The Cimitero Maggiore di Milano ("Greater Cemetery of Milan"), also known as Cimitero di Musocco ("Musocco Cemetery"), is the largest cemetery of Milan, Italy. It is located in Zone 8, in the Musocco district (formerly a comune of its own), not far from the Garegnano Charterhouse. The cemetery has an overall area of 678,624 m2 (including 80,000 m2 of green space) with over 500,000 graves.
In the 19th century, as a consequence of the rapid demographic growth of Milan, a thorough reorganization of the cemeteries of the city was due. At the time, Milan had a large number of small cemeteries located in areas that were originally peripheral but, as the city expanded, had experienced a quick urbanization. Plans were made to close down most of these small cemeteries and build a few, larger ones, in the outskirts of the city. The Monumentale was built first (in the early decades of the century), but it soon became clear that at least another large cemetery was needed. Core samples proved that the rural area of Musocco, bordering on Milan, had suitable geological properties; after some quarrel with Musocco's administration, construction began in the late 19th century, on a design by architects Luigi Mazzocchi and Enrico Brotti. The cemetery opened in 1895; it originally covered an area of 400,000 m2.
Graves from at least four different cemeteries were moved to the Maggiore. A dedicated tram was employed to move the graves; reportedly, the Milanese nicknamed this tram "La Gioconda" ("the joyful one").
- (Italian) Cimitero Maggiore di Milano
- (Italian) Storia di Milano: I cimiteri milaesi - Cimitero di Musocco