Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton Railway (1846–1917)
|Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton Railroad|
|Dates of operation||1846–1917|
|Successor||Baltimore and Ohio Railroad|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) (standard gauge), originally 6 ft (1,829 mm) (?)|
The Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton Railroad (CH&D) was a railroad based in the U.S. state of Ohio that existed between its incorporation on March 2, 1846, and its acquisition by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in December 1917. It was originally chartered to build from Cincinnati to Hamilton, Ohio, and then to Dayton, a distance of 59 mi (95 km); further construction and acquisition extended the railroad, and by 1902 it owned or controlled 640 mi (1,030 km) of railroad.
The original CH&D was founded by John Alexander Collins, who was born on June 8, 1815 in Staffordshire, England. He came to the US in 1825 and worked as a locomotive engineer until moving to Ohio in 1851 to open the CH&D. He remained with the line until 1872. He died in Covington, Kentucky on January 26, 1878. Mr. Collins is buried in Woodland Cemetery in Dayton, Ohio where his tombstone details his life and its work.
On May 1, 1863, the CH&D leased the Dayton and Michigan Railroad in perpetuity. In 1891, it acquired the Cincinnati, Dayton and Chicago Railroad, while in March of that year it added the Cincinnati, Dayton and Ironton Railroad.
In 1886 the CH&D was among the railroads controlled by the financial speculator Henry S. Ives before his spectacular collapse the following year.
See also 
- Rear 6th and Baymiller, 1913 flood
- Flood, 1884 6th and Baymiller C.H.& D. Station
- C. H. & D. Depot, North Side, Cincinnati
- C.H. & D. R. R. Station, Hamilton, Ohio
- Cincinnati, Hamilton and Dayton Depot, Oxford, Ohio
- Cincinnati, Hamilton, and Dayton Railroad Records, Special Collections and Archives, Wright State University, Dayton, OH