Cinema of Bangladesh
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (January 2013)|
|Cinema of Bangladesh|
BFDC Main Gate 2011
|Produced feature films (2005-2009)|
|Gross Box Office (2011)|
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The Bangladeshi film industry (Bengali: ঢালিউড, Bengali: বাংলাদেশের চলচ্চিত্র) refer to as Dhallywood has been based in Bangladesh's capital, Dhaka, since 1956. As of 2004, it produced approximately 100 movies a year, with an average movie budget of about BDT 12 crores (120 million). The film industry is known as Dhallywood, a portmanteau of the words Dhaka and Hollywood. In 2009, Bangladesh produced 64 films, which was the 19th most in the world.
On April 24, 1898, the Bengali weekly Dhaka Prakash reported that films were shown in Dhaka by the Bradford Bioscope Company, at the Crown Theatre, in Patuatuli, near Sadarghat. The show included news items and other short features. The first permanent cinema in Dhaka, named Picture House, began operation during 1913–1914. This cinema was renamed to New Picture House and then again to Shabistan. By 1947, there were around 80 cinemas in what is now Bangladesh.:pages 1, 3
The first Bengali organization for producing and exhibiting films was the Royal Bioscope Company, established in 1890s in Calcutta by Hiralal Sen. Although feature films were made in Bengali as early as 1919 (Bilwa Mangal), most production was done in Calcutta. The Nawab family of Dhaka produced Sukumari (1928–1929) and The Last Kiss (1931).:pages 2–5
The first full-length feature film with sound made in East Pakistan was Mukh O Mukhosh, which was produced by Abdul Jabbar Khan and released on August 3, 1956. Editing, printing and all other film processing for this movie was done in Lahore, Pakistan.:pages 7, 9
The East Bengal Provincial Assembly established the East Pakistan Film Development Corporation (EPFDC) on April 3, 1957. The first film produced by this organization was Asiya (The Life of a Village Girl, 1960), directed by Fateh Lohani. During the late 1960s, between 20 and 35 films were produced each year. Production quantity continued to increase after Bangladesh gained its independence on December 16, 1971; in 1979, for example, 51 films were released, and in the 1990s over 90 films per year were released.:pages 10–13 One of the first films produced in Bangladesh after independence was Titash Ekti Nadir Naam (A River Called Titas) in 1973 by director Ritwik Ghatak, whose stature in Bengali cinema is comparable to that of Satyajit Ray and Mrinal Sen.
Although the majority of the films made in Bangladesh are strictly commercial in nature, a handful of directors from Bangladesh have attained critical acclamation for their work. Zahir Raihan, Khan Ataur Rahman, Salahuddin, Alamgir Kabir, Amjad Hussain, Swapan Ahmed, Moshiuddin Shaker, Sheikh Niyamat Ali, Mostofa sarwar farooki, Humayun Ahmed, Morshedul Islam, Tanvir Mokammel, Tareque Masud, Salauddin Lavlu, are among those prominent directors. Bangladesh has been officially submitting nominations for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film from 2003. Masud's Matir Moina (The Clay Bird) was the first film to be submitted and won a number of other international awards from the Edinburgh, Palm Springs, Montreal, Marrakech, Cairo, and Cannes Film Festivals. Another internationally acclaimed filmmaker from Bangladesh is Morshedul Islam, who won major awards at the International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg and other international film festivals.
In 2012, Humayun Ahmed film Ghetuputra Kamola was selected as the Bangladeshi entry for the 85th Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film, but it did not make the final shortlist.
- "Average national film production". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Bangladeshi film industry’s fight for survival". BBC News. Retrieved 7 November 2013.
- "Bangladeshis reject "smutty" Bengali films". Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- Bangladeshis reject "smutty" Bengali films, AFP/Helen Rowe, accessed 27 July 2006
- Average national film production, Cinema Statistics, Institute for Statistics, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 2009
- A Brief History of Bangladesh Cinema, accessed 27-July-2006
- Celebrating 50 years of our cinema, Karim Waheed, The Daily Star (web edition), vol. 5, num. 431, accessed 27-July-2006