Cinema of Bangladesh
||It has been suggested that Dhallywood be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since January 2014.|
|Cinema of Bangladesh|
BFDC Main Gate 2011
|Produced feature films (2005-2009)|
|Gross Box Office (2011)|
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The Bangladeshi film industry (Bengali: ঢালিউড, Bengali: বাংলাদেশের চলচ্চিত্র) refer to as Dhallywood has been based in capital of Bangladesh Dhaka. Since 1956, as of 2004, it produced approximately 100 movies a year, with an average movie budget of about BDT 1 crores (10 million). The film industry is known as Dhallywood, a portmanteau of the words Dhaka and Hollywood. In 2009, Bangladesh produced 64 films, which was the 19th most in the world.
On April 24, 1898, the Bengali weekly Dhaka Prakash reported that films were shown in Dhaka by the Bradford Bioscope Company, at the Crown Theatre, in Patuatuli, near Sadarghat. The show included news items and other short features. The first permanent cinema in Dhaka, named Picture House, began operation during 1913–1914. This cinema was renamed to New Picture House and then again to Shabistan. By 1947, there were around 80 cinemas in what is now Bangladesh.:pages 1, 3
The first Bengali organization for producing and exhibiting films was the Royal Bioscope Company, established in 1890s in Calcutta by Hiralal Sen. Although feature films were made in Bengali as early as 1919 (Bilwa Mangal), most production was done in Calcutta. The Nawab family of Dhaka produced Sukumari (1928–1929) and The Last Kiss (1931).:pages 2–5
The first full-length feature film with sound made in East Pakistan was Mukh O Mukhosh, which was produced by Abdul Jabbar Khan and released on August 3, 1956. Editing, printing and all other film processing for this movie was done in Lahore, Pakistan.:pages 7, 9
The East Bengal Provincial Assembly established the East Pakistan Film Development Corporation (EPFDC) on April 3, 1957. The first film produced by this organization was Asiya (The Life of a Village Girl, 1960), directed by Fateh Lohani. During the late 1960s, between 20 and 35 films were produced each year.
In the 1960s one of the prominent directors of East Bengal was Zahir Raihan. Some of his work was Kokhono Asheni, Kancher Deyal, Dui Bhai, Shangam, Let their be light, Jibon Theke Neya. In 1971 he made a documentary on the "Liberation War of Bangladesh" Stop Genocide, which was one of the first international acclaimed film in Bangladesh.
Film Production quantity continued to increase after Bangladesh gained its independence on December 16, 1971; in 1979, for example, 51 films were released, and in the 1990s over 90 films per year were released.:pages 10–13
Tarique Masud was one of the international acclaimed director of Bangladesh from the 90s to 2011, the year of his death. His Matir Moyna was the first Bangladeshi film which went to Cannes Film Festival in the year 2002. Another critically acclaimed work of Tarique Masud was Muktir Gaan which was a documentary on Bangladesh liberation war. Matir Moyna became Bangladesh's first film to compete for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. In recent years Bangladeshi film industry is seeing increasing budget and use of technology in films. Digitalization of movie theater came in the year 2012.
Recently leading actors like Shakib Khan, Ananta Jalil are producing big budget movies which are releasing abroad. Some parallel directors like Tanvir Mokammel, Morshedul Islam, Mostofa Sarwar Farooki are making intellectual films which compete in many international film festivals.
Cast and crew
Well-known film personalities of Bengaladeshi film industry include,
- Nayok Raj Razzak
- Ananta Jalil
- Arefin Shuvo
- Asif Imrose
- ATM Shamsuzzaman
- Bappy Chowdhury
- Bulbul Ahmed
- Ferdous Ahmed
- Humayun Faridi
- Khan Ataur Rahman
- Ilias Kanchan
- Misha Sawdagor
- Nirab Hossain
- Omor Sani
- Rubel Rana
- Salman Shah
- Shakib Khan
- Sohel Rana
- Symon Sadik
- Zafar Iqbal
- "Average national film production". UNESCO Institute for Statistics. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
- "Bangladeshi film industry’s fight for survival". BBC News. Retrieved 7 November 2013.
- "Bangladeshis reject "smutty" Bengali films". Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- Bangladeshis reject "smutty" Bengali films, AFP/Helen Rowe, accessed 27 July 2006
- Average national film production, Cinema Statistics, Institute for Statistics, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 2009
- A Brief History of Bangladesh Cinema, accessed 27-July-2006
- Celebrating 50 years of our cinema, Karim Waheed, The Daily Star (web edition), vol. 5, num. 431, accessed 27-July-2006
- বিনোদন প্রতিবেদক. "আবার মৌসুমী". Prothom-alo.com. Retrieved 2013-11-14.