Cinnamon Teal

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Cinnamon Teal
Anas cyanoptera septentrionalium drake (male)
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Anseriformes
Family: Anatidae
Subfamily: Anatinae
Genus: Anas
Species: A. cyanoptera
Binomial name
Anas cyanoptera
Vieillot, 1816
Subspecies

4 living, 1 possibly extinct; see text

The Cinnamon Teal (Anas cyanoptera) is a species of duck found in western North and South America. It is a small dabbling duck, with bright reddish plumage on the male and duller brown plumage on the female. It lives in marshes and ponds, and feeds mostly on plants.

Description[edit]

Female Anas cyanoptera septentrionalium
Female (front) and male

The adult male has a cinnamon-red head and body with a brown back, a red eye and a dark bill. The adult female has a mottled brown body, a pale brown head, brown eyes and a grey bill and is very similar in appearance to a female Blue-winged Teal; however its overall color is richer, the lore spot, eye line, and eye ring are less distinct. Its bill is longer and more spatulate. Male juvenile resembles a female Cinnamon or Blue-winged Teal but their eyes are red.[2][3] They are 16 in (41 cm) long, have a 22-inch (560 mm) wingspan, and weigh 14 oz (400 g).[3] They have 2 adult molts per year and a third molt in their first year.[3]

Distribution[edit]

Their breeding habitat is marshes and ponds in western United States and extreme southwestern Canada, and are rare visitors to the east coast of the United States.[3] Cinnamon Teal generally select new mates each year. They are migratory and most winter in northern South America and the Caribbean,[4] generally not migrating as far as the Blue-winged Teal. Some winter in California and southwestern Arizona.[2]

Behavior[edit]

Male

These birds feed by dabbling. They mainly eat plants; their diet may include molluscs and aquatic insects.

Taxonomy[edit]

The Cinnamon Teal is a member of the genus Anas, the largest genus of dabbling ducks.

They are known to interbreed with Blue-winged Teals,[2] which are very close relatives.

Subspecies are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Anas cyanoptera". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Dunn, J (2006)
  3. ^ a b c d Floyd T (2008)
  4. ^ Herrera et al. (2006)
  5. ^ a b c d e Clements, J (2007)

Works cited[edit]

  • Clements, James, (2007) The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World, Cornell University Press, Ithaca
  • Dunn, J. & Alderfer, J. (2006) National Geographic Field Guide to the Birds of North America 5th Ed.
  • Floyd, T (2008) Smithsonian Field Guide to the Birds of North America Harper Collins, NY
  • Herrera, Néstor; Rivera, Roberto; Ibarra Portillo, Ricardo & Rodríguez, Wilfredo (2006): Nuevos registros para la avifauna de El Salvador. ["New records for the avifauna of El Salvador"]. Boletín de la Sociedad Antioqueña de Ornitología 16(2): 1-19. [Spanish with English abstract]PDF fulltext

External links[edit]