Circassians in Turkey
|140,000 - 2,000,000|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Marmara Region, Central Anatolia Region, Black Sea Region|
|Related ethnic groups|
The Circassians in Turkey (East Circassian and West Circassian: Адыгэхэр Тырку Adyghexer Tyrku; Turkish: Türkiye'deki Çerkezler) are one of the largest ethnic minorities in Turkey, with a population between 130,000 and 2 million. The closely related ethnic groups Abazins (10,000) and Abkhazians (39,000) are also often counted among them. Circassians are a Caucasian immigrant people, but the vast majority of them have assimilated to Turkish language, and only a small minority still speak their native Circassian languages. The Circassians in Turkey are almost exclusively Sunni Muslims of Hanafi madh'hab.
In the census of 1965, 58,339 Turkish citizens spoke Circassian as first language, which was roughly 0.2% of the population. Proportionally, these were most numerous in Kayseri (3.2%), Tokat (1.2%) and Kahramanmaraş (1.0). Another 48,621 citizens spoke Circassian as second language.
In an effort to maintain and re-enliven what is left of their cultural and linguistic distinctness, Circassians in Turkey have demanded broadcasting and education rights in their native language, following the lead of Kurdish organizations and other groups.
- Milliyet, Anadil kontrolüyle sağlanan dolaylı bilgininde katılmasıyla ortaya çıkan tabloda Türkiye'de yetişkinlerin (18 yaş ve üstündekilerin) etnik kimliklerin dağılımı ... 0.3 Kafkas kökenli
- KONDA Research and Consultancy, Social Structure Survey 2006
- Heinz Kloss & Grant McConnel, Linguistic composition of the nations of the world, vol,5, Europe and USSR, Québec, Presses de l'Université Laval, 1984, ISBN 2-7637-7044-4
- Circassia, Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization.
- Ülkü Bilgin: Azınlık hakları ve Türkiye. Kitap Yayınevi, Istanbul 2007; S. 85. ISBN 975-6051-80-9 (Turkish Language)
- Ethnologue: Abasinen
- Ethnologue: Abchasen
- Circassians in Turkey rally for their rights
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