Circus of Crime

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Circus of Crime
Publication information
Publisher Marvel Comics
First appearance The Incredible Hulk #3 (September 1962)
Created by Stan Lee
Jack Kirby
In-story information
Base(s) New York
Member(s) Ringmaster
The Clown
Bruto The Strongman
The Human Cannonball
The Great Gambonnos
Princess Python
Live Wire

The Circus of Crime is a fictional villainous organization in the Marvel Comics universe.

Publication history[edit]

The Circus of Crime first appeared in The Incredible Hulk #3 (September 1962), and was created by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby.

Fictional team biography[edit]

Old West[edit]

There were two organizations in the Old West who dubbed themselves the Circus of Crime. Both teams fought against Kid Colt.[1][2][3][4]

World War II[edit]

Originally a spy organization employed by the Nazis during World War II, Tiboldt's Circus was a traveling circus led by Fritz Tiboldt, the Ringmaster, and he and his performers would use their special skills and talents to rob their audiences. He was sent to America to murder US Government officials using the cover of his circus activities. Tiboldt and his gang fell afoul of Captain America and were deported back to Germany, where Fritz Tiboldt and his wife were subsequently murdered by their former employers.[5]

Modern day[edit]

The modern day Circus of Crime first came to the authorities' attention when they carried out a series of robberies of small towns using the Ringmaster's skill in hypnotism to mesmerize entire towns. Regrettably for the Circus, Rick Jones was one of the victims of their capers, and his involvement led to the involvement of the Hulk, as Rick briefly had telepathic control over the Hulk. He resisted the Ringmaster's hypnotism when the Ringmaster tried to bill him as 'The Monster of the Age', leading to the Circus' arrest.[6] After a brief stretch in prison, the Circus visited New York City, where they battled both Spider-Man and Daredevil.[7] The Ringmaster was briefly able to hypnotise Spider-Man. The Circus' core members later briefly operated as the Masters of Menace, a name thought up by Princess Python, after being released from prison and throwing the Ringmaster off the team, replacing him with the Clown. They were again captured by Spider-Man.[8]

The Circus of Crime established themselves as recurrent antagonists in several Marvel Comics series, where they briefly attempted to recruit Hawkeye, Quicksilver and the Scarlet Witch into their ranks when the Avengers had been disbanded.[9] The Ringmaster later hypnotized Thor into assisting with one of the Circus' schemes while the Thunder God was stripped of most of his powers except his strength.[10][11][12] Battling the Avengers again, they attempted to sabotage the Wasp and Yellowjacket's wedding.[13] Other encounters pitted them against Daredevil[14] and Power Man.[15][16] They later fought Power Pack, the Thunderbolts and Generation X.

Initially depicted as credible villains, the Circus of Crime's members were gradually used by writers as comic foils, and were once defeated by Howard the Duck.[17][18][19] They were featured as antagonists in the first issue of the Sensational She-Hulk series, in which writer John Byrne regularly used minor or forgotten characters for parodic purposes.[20]

A new iteration of the group known as Cirque Du Nuit later surfaces, acting as enemies of Hawkeye and Kate Bishop.[21]

Members[edit]

Nineteenth century[edit]

This team briefly forced Kid Colt to assist them until he exposed them.

Old West (1870s)[edit]

  • Iron Mask[22] - An armored shootist and former blacksmith who organized Circus of Crime and another band of costumed criminals.
  • Doctor Danger[24] - A ventriloquist who used magnetic weaponry. He also was a member of the Chain Gang.
  • Fat Man[25] - An Australian immigrant who was a skilled boomerang-thrower and hand-to-hand combatant.
  • Hurricane (Harry Kane)[27] - A member of the Circus of Crime with super-speed. He is a good marksman and a former agent of the Iron Mask. He stole a magic potion from a witch doctor and drank it after the potion was struck by lightning

World War II[edit]

  • Ringmaster (Fritz Tiboldt)[5] - An Austrian who is the father of Maynard. He led Tiboldt's circus in the 1930s and was later murdered by Nazis.
  • Trapeze Trio[5] - Three trapeze artists that worked with Fritz Tiboldt.

Modern Day[edit]

  • Clown (Eliot "Crafty" Franklin)[6] - A clown who is the Circus of Crime's occasional leader. He also works as a solo assassin and has a son named Corky Franklin. Clown later became Griffin of Gamma Corps while his half-brother became the second Clown.
  • Live Wire (Rance Preston) - A lariat artist and former agent of the Psycho-Man. He joined the Circus of Crime in Power Man #24 (April 1975).[15]
  • Fire-Eater (Tomas Ramirez)[31] - A fire-eater who led the others to force Clown back into crime when he attempted to retire.
  • Fifi[21] - A female archer. Later knocked unconscious and impersonated by Kate Bishop, who stole her costume and bow.

Former members[edit]

  • Dragon Man - Hpynotized into joining the Circus of Crime in The Incredible Hulk vol. 2 #292 (February 1984).[33]
  • Howard the Duck - He was forced to help the Circus of Crime in Howard the Duck #25 (June 1978).[17]
  • Moon-Boy - Hypnotized into joining the Circus of Crime.[32]
  • Ulik - Hypnotized into joining the Circus of Crime.[34]

In other media[edit]

Television[edit]

  • The Circus of Crime appears in the Spider-Man episode "Carnival of Crime."
  • The Circus of Crime appears in the Avengers Assemble episode "Crime and Circuses." The members featured are Ringmaster, Bruto the Strongman, the Great Gambonnos, Human Cannonball, and Trickshot. Hawkeye and Princess Python are both depicted as former members of the group.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Lee, Stan (w), Keller, Jack (p), Keller, Jack (i). "The Kid Joins the Circus! / The Last Performance" Kid Colt Outlaw 106 (September 1962)
  2. ^ Christiansen, Jeff (April 4, 2005). "Circus of Crime (Kid Colt foes)". The Appendix to the Handbook of the Marvel Universe. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. 
  3. ^ Thomas, Roy; Skeates, Steve (w), Keller, Jack (p), Keller, Jack (i). "Iron Mask and His Circus of Crime" Kid Colt Outlaw 127 (March 1966)
  4. ^ Christiansen, Jeff (November 19, 2002). "Iron Mask". The Appendix to the Handbook of the Marvel Universe. Archived from the original on April 9, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Simon, Joe; Kirby, Jack (w), Simon, Joe; Kirby, Jack (p), Simon, Joe (i). "The Ringmaster of Death" Captain America Comics 5 (August 1941)
  6. ^ a b c d e f Lee, Stan (w), Kirby, Jack (p), Ayers, Dick (i). "The Ringmaster" The Incredible Hulk 3 (September 1962)
  7. ^ a b Lee, Stan (w), Ditko, Steve (p), Ditko, Steve (i). "Duel with Daredevil" The Amazing Spider-Man 16 (September 1964)
  8. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Ditko, Steve (p), Ditko, Steve (i). "The Clown and His Masters of Menace!" The Amazing Spider-Man 22 (March 1965)
  9. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Heck, Don (p), Wood, Wally (i). "The Road Back" The Avengers 22 (November 1965)
  10. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Kirby, Jack (p), Colletta, Vince (i). "Abandoned on Earth!" Thor 145 (October 1967)
  11. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Kirby, Jack (p), Colletta, Vince (i). "-- If the Thunder Be Gone!" Thor 146 (November 1967)
  12. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Kirby, Jack (p), Colletta, Vince (i). "The Wrath of Odin!" Thor 147 (December 1967)
  13. ^ Thomas, Roy (w), Buscema, John (p), Esposito, Mike (i). "Till Death Do Us Part" The Avengers 60 (January 1969)
  14. ^ a b Conway, Gerry (w), Heck, Don (p), Colletta, Vince (i). "Circus Spelled Sideways Is Death!" Daredevil 118 (February 1975)
  15. ^ a b Isabella, Tony (w), Tuska, George (p), Hunt, Dave (i). "Among Us Walks... Black Goliath!" Power Man 24 (April 1975)
  16. ^ Isabella, Tony; Mantlo, Bill (w), Wilson, Ron (p), Kida, Fred (i). "Crime and Circuses" Power Man 25 (June 1975)
  17. ^ a b Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Janson, Klaus (i). "Getting Smooth!" Howard the Duck 25 (June 1978)
  18. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Janson, Klaus (i). "Repercussions...!" Howard the Duck 26 (July 1978)
  19. ^ Gerber, Steve (w), Colan, Gene (p), Janson, Klaus (i). "Circus Maximus" Howard the Duck 27 (September 1978)
  20. ^ Byrne, John (w), Byrne, John (p), Wiacek, Bob (i). "Second Chance" The Sensational She-Hulk 1 (May 1989)
  21. ^ a b Fraction, Matt (w), Aja, David (p), Aja, David (i). "Vagabond Code" Hawkeye v4, 2 (November 2012)
  22. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Keller, Jack (p), Keller, Jack (i). "Iron Mask!" Kid Colt Outlaw 110 (May 1963)
  23. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Keller, Jack (p), Keller, Jack (i). "The Unbeatable Mr. Brown!" Kid Colt Outlaw 112 (September 1963)
  24. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Keller, Jack (p), Keller, Jack (i). "Dr. Danger and the Invisible Gunman" Kid Colt Outlaw 116 (May 1964)
  25. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Keller, Jack (p), Keller, Jack (i). "The Fearsome Fat Man!" Kid Colt Outlaw 117 (July 1964)
  26. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Kirby, Jack (p), Ayers, Dick (i). "Beware!! The Terrible Totem!!" Rawhide Kid 22 (June 1961)
  27. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Ayers, Dick (p), Ayers, Dick (i). "The Amazing Mr. Hurricane!" Two-Gun Kid 70 (July 1964)
  28. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Ayers, Dick (p), Ayers, Dick (i). "The Rattler Strikes" Rawhide Kid 37 (December 1963)
  29. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Ayers, Dick (p), Ayers, Dick (i). "Revenge of the Red Raven" Rawhide Kid 38 (February 1964)
  30. ^ Englehart, Steve (w), Giffen, Keith; McCarron, Owen (p), McCarron, Owen (i). "Escape!" Super-Villain Team-Up 8 (October 1976)
  31. ^ a b DeFalco, Tom; Michelinie, David (w), Bingham, Jerry (p), Stone, Chic (i). "The Big Top Bandits" Marvel Two-in-One 76 (June 1981)
  32. ^ a b c DeFalco, Tom (w), Lyle, Tom (p), Jones, Robert (i). "Duel With Devil Dinosaur" The Amazing Spider-Man Annual '98 1 (July 1998)
  33. ^ Mantlo, Bill (w), Buscema, Sal (p), Sinnott, Joe (i). "Dragon-Night!" The Incredible Hulk v2, 292 (February 1984)
  34. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Kirby, Jack (p), Everett, Bill (i). "Ulik Unleashed!" Thor 173 (February 1970)

External links[edit]