Ciriaco De Mita

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The Honourable
Ciriaco De Mita
Ciriaco De Mita 2010.jpg
47th
Prime Minister of Italy
In office
13 April 1988 – 22 July 1989
President Francesco Cossiga
Deputy Gianni De Michelis
Preceded by Giovanni Goria
Succeeded by Giulio Andreotti
Member of the European Parliament
for Southern Italy
Incumbent
Assumed office
14 July 2009
Member of Italian Chamber of Deputies
In office
9 May 1963 – 28 April 2008
Constituency XX - Campania II
Personal details
Born (1928-02-02) 2 February 1928 (age 86)
Nusco, Campania, Italy
Nationality Italian
Political party Union of Centre
(2008–present)
Other political
affiliations
Christian Democracy
(1963–1994)
Italian People's Party
(1994–2002)
The Daisy
(2002–2007)
Democratic Party
(2007–2008)
Alma mater Catholic University of Milan
Religion Roman Catholicism

Ciriaco Luigi De Mita (Italian pronunciation: [tʃiˈriːako luˈiːʤi de ˈmiːta]; born 2 February 1928) is an Italian politician. He served as the 47th Prime Minister of Italy from 1988 to 1989 and as Member of the European Parliament from 2009 to 2013.

Biography[edit]

De Mita was born in Nusco, in the Avellinese hinterland.

As a young man De Mita joined Christian Democracy and entered politics. He rose through the ranks of the party, becoming a member of its council in 1956, a member of Parliament in 1963 and a member of the Italian cabinet in 1973. During the next decade he served as Minister of Industry and then as Minister of Foreign Trade.

De Mita became chairman of the party in 1982 at a time when its power was declining. He was re-elected in 1986 with 60% support from the party. The Christian Democrats did well in the elections of 1987. De Mita waited a year to become Prime Minister, and then served as Prime Minister for a year, maintaining the party chairmanship. At the beginning of that service, on 16 April 1988, in Forlì, Red Brigades killed Senator Roberto Ruffilli, an advisor of De Mita.

De Mita returned in Parliament, after a lag of two years, in 1996 (and then re-elected in 2001 and 2006). He then joined the Italian People's Party and later Democracy is Freedom - The Daisy, party of which he is regional coordinator for Campania. He headed the Olive Tree's list in his region in 2006, and he participated in the transformation that coalition into a single party (the Democratic Party). Following an attempt by the chairmanship (presided by Walter Veltroni) at rejuvenating the ranks of the Democratic Party, De Mita was refused a place on the ballot for the 2008 general election, on the grounds that a total of 44 years and 9 months of active presence in the Italian Parliament was long enough and that more space was needed to be given to younger candidates. Offended by the decision, he left the party in retaliation, and joined the Union of the Centre. After the 2008 elections, De Mita was not elected at the Italian Senate, but he was nominated as the Campania coordinator of the party.

De Mita won a seat in the European Parliament in the June 2009 European election; at age 81, he was the oldest candidate to win a seat in that election.

On 25 May 2014 De Mita was elected as mayor of Nusco, his native town.

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mauro Ferri
Italian Minister of Industry
1973–1974
Succeeded by
Carlo Donat-Cattin
Preceded by
Gianmatteo Matteotti
Italian Minister of Foreign Trade
1974–1976
Succeeded by
Rinaldo Ossola
Preceded by
Title jointly held
Italian Minister without portfolio
1976–1979
Succeeded by
Title jointly held
Preceded by
Giovanni Goria
Prime Minister of Italy
1988–1989
Succeeded by
Giulio Andreotti
Italian Chamber of Deputies
Preceded by
Title jointly held
Member of Parliament for Benevento (1963–1987 ; 1992–1994)
and for Ligury (1987–1992)
Legislatures
IV, V, VI, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI

1963–1994
Succeeded by
Title jointly held
Preceded by
Ferdinando Schettino (Left)
Member of Parliament for Mirabella Eclano (1996–2006)
and for Salerno (2006–2008)
Legislatures
XIII, XIV, XV

1996–2008
Succeeded by
Title jointly held
European Parliament
Preceded by
Title jointly held
Member of European Parliament for Southern Italy
Legislatures: V, VII

1999–2001
2009–present
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Flaminio Piccoli
Secretary of the Italian Christian Democracy
1982–1989
Succeeded by
Arnaldo Forlani