Cisleithanian legislative election, 1907

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Compromise of 1867

A legislative election to elect the members of the 11th Imperial Council were held in Cisleithania, the northern and western ("Austrian") crown lands of Austria-Hungary, on 14 and 23 May 1907.[1] They were the first elections held under universal male suffrage, after an electoral reform abolishing tax paying requirements for voters had been adopted by the Council and was endorsed by Emperor Franz Joseph earlier in the year.[2] However, seat allocations were based on tax revenues from the States.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

Opening session of the House of Deputies, 17 June 1907

Under the shadow of the Russian Revolution of 1905 and large-scale demonstrations organized by the Social Democrats, the emperor to placate the public had a reform of the former five-class franchise system drafted by Minister-President Paul Gautsch von Frankenthurn. His successor Baron Max Wladimir von Beck pushed it through, against fierce resistance from the Austrian House of Lords and the heir to the throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

Elections in the constituencies of "the Kingdoms and Lands represented in the Imperial Council" were held according to a plurality voting system. If no candidate received the required absolute majority on May 14, only the two candidates receiving the most votes survived to the second round on May 23. In this way 516 representatives of the constituent crown lands were elected, among them 130 from Bohemia, 106 from Galicia, 64 from Lower Austria, and 49 from Moravia. The numerous political associations were again were again split according to ethnicity ("nations"), with a result that no government could ever rely on a stable majority.

Results[edit]

The right-wing Christian Social Party emerged as the largest bloc in Parliament, holding 96 of the 516 seats, followed by the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria with 87 seats. The Christian Socials won most rural constituencies in Upper and Lower Austria, Styria, Salzburg, Tyrol, and Vorarlberg). They also achieved the majority in the capital Vienna, benefitting from the popularity of Christian Social major Karl Lueger. In the German constituencies of Bohemia and Moravia, but also in Carinthia, the German national parties (German People's Party et al.) achieved strong results. The Social Democrats had their strongholds in the cities, beside Vienna also in Graz, Salzburg, Innsbruck, Brno or Linz. Voter turnout was 84.6%.[3]

Voting[edit]

Nation Party Votes %
Croatian
Nation
Croatian Party 35,407 0.8
Croatian Nationals 23,482 0.5
Pure Justice Party 16,013 0.3
Independents 6,373 0.1
Czech
Nation
Social Democratic Party 389,960 8.4
Agrarian 206,784 4.5
Clerical 182,500 4.0
Young Czech Party 78,679 1.7
Czech National Social Party 75,101 1.6
Progressive People's Party 37,845 0.8
Old Czech Party 32,224 0.7
Radical Progressives 9,899 0.2
Radical Constitutionalists 7,879 0.2
Independents 54,823 1.2
Czech Realist Party
Zählkandidaten (paper candidate)
National Party
German
Nation
Christian Social Party 542,505 11.7
Social Democrats 513,219 11.1
Conservatives 193,753 4.2
Agrarians 132,978 2.9
German People's Party 131,474 2.8
German Progressive Party 103,315 2.2
German Radicals (Free All Germans) 70,564 1.5
All Germans 20,693 0.4
Upper Austria Farmers' Club 15,283 0.3
German Nationals Party 10,457 0.2
Civil Servants' Party 5,701 0.1
Free Socialists 5,289 0.1
German Conservatives 4,947 0.1
German Radicals 4,569 0.1
Independent All Germans 3,659 0.1
German Workers' Party 3,486 0.1
Christian Germans 3,286 0.1
Independents 2,806 0.1
Social Politicians 2,386 0.1
Tirol People's Association 1,113 0.0
Radical Party 785 0.0
Trade Party 150 0.0
Italian
Nation
People's Party 59,519 1.3
National-Liberals 27,723 0.6
Social Democratic Party 19,918 0.4
Independents 14,746 0.3
Italian Nationals
Progressive Agrarians
Polish
Nation
People's Party 165,980 3.6
Conservatives 131,540 2.8
Centre 108,247 2.3
National Democrats 104,544 2.3
Social Democratic Party 65,057 1.4
Democrats 45,942 1.0
Christian Social Party 11,210 0.2
Agrarian 18,352 0.4
Independent Socialists
National Party
Progressive Democrats
Ruthenian
Nation
Young Ruthenians 304,410 6.6
Old Ruthenians 162,663 3.5
Radical Farmers' Party 105,118 2.3
Social Democratic Party 27,978 0.6
Serbian
Nation
Serb Party 11,783 0.3
Independent Serbs
Slovenian
Nation
Clerical 48,431 1.0
People's Party 48,175 1.0
Liberals 23,292 0.5
Agrarian 49,123 1.1
Independents
National Progressives
Pro-German Slovenians
Slovenian Nationals
Social Democratic Party
Romanian
Nation
Romanian National Party 31,674 0.7
Democrats 20,673 0.4
Independents
Social Democratic Party
None Zionists 31,941 0.7
Social Democratic Party 10,518 0.2
Unknown 39,416 0.9
Invalid/blank votes 58,990
Total 4,676,350 100
Registered voters/turnout 5,526,203 84.6
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Seats[edit]

Grouping Seats
Christian Social Union 96
German National Association 51
German Social Democrats 50
Poland Club 50
Bohemian Agrarian Club 30
Bohemian Club 25
Ukrainian Club 25
Bohemian Social Democrats 24
Union of South Slavs 20
Catholic National Club 17
Slovenian Club 17
Polish People's Party 16
German Progressive Union 15
German Radical Union 13
Italian Peoples' Party 10
Union of Bohemian National Socialists and Radical Progressive Deputies 11
Polish Social Democrats 6
Italian Social Democrats 5
Romanian Club 5
Jewish Club 4
Liberal Italian Club 4
All German Group 3
Ruthenian-Ukrainian Social Democrats 2
Independents 12
Total 516
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

See also[edit]

List of political parties in Austria

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p196 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p184
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p209