Cisleithanian legislative election, 1911

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Compromise of 1867

Legislative elections to elect members of the Imperial Council were held in Cisleithania, the Austrian section of Austria-Hungary over several days in June and July 1911. [1] A coalition of German national and liberal parties, the Deutscher Nationalverband, emerged as the largest bloc in Parliament, holding 100 of the 516 seats. Voter turnout was 80.2%.[2]

This was the second election under universal male suffrage, and the last before the dissolution of the empire. At that dissolution it was the German representatives that formed the first truly Austrian legislative body. In the German-speaking areas the results however were similar to the previous election of 1907, with the Christian Socials as the largest party (76 seats), followed by the Social Democrats (43) and the German People's Party (32). Both the major parties lost seats, and the parties which gained were the moderate centre and the radicals. Results varied by province, with Lower Austria providing the political base for the two largest parties. There was a wide difference between rural areas (Christian Social) and urban (Social Democrat), a split (social cleavage) that had become more evident since 1907, with the Christian Socials losing their support in the outer belt of Viennese districts. Support for the German People's party was more even. The German people's party found its support in the middle strata of Austrian society. On the other hand industrialists rejected this party in favour of the Freisinnige group, particularly the German Progressive Party, as did the more prosperous merchants.

Amongst the non-German nationalities, the results also differed widely between nations (Pech 1989).

The original results were published in the Österreichische Statistik (Neue Folge Vol. 7, Fasc. 1).

Results[edit]

Voting[edit]

Nation Party Votes %
Croatian nation Croatian Party 33,565 0.7
Pure Justice Party 28,254 0.6
Croatian nationals 20,770 0.5
Social Democratic Party 329 0.0
Czech nation Social Democratic Party Autonomists 357,234 7.9
Agrarian 257,717 5.7
Catholic nationals 128,056 2.8
Czech National Social Party 95,901 2.1
Christian Social Party 83,124 1.8
Young Czech Party 56,673 1.3
Progressive People's Party 34,443 0.8
Progressive Constitutionalists 20,881 0.5
Old Czech Party 9,872 0.2
Social Democratic Party Centralists 19,374 0.4
Czech nationals 30,746 0.7
Czech Realist Party
Independents
Traders Party
Zählkandidaten
German nation Christian Social Party 608,346 13.4
Social Democrats 542,549 12.0
Agrarians 106,548 2.3
German Radicals (Free All Germans) 90,523 2.0
German People's Party 71,882 1.6
German Progress Party 71,114 1.6
German-National Party 28,689 0.6
German Workers' Party 26,670 0.6
Upper Austria Farmers' Club 22,009 0.5
All Germans 20,527 0.5
German Miner and Farmers' Association 15,301 0.3
Independents 14,934 0.3
Conservatives 14,597 0.3
Independent Christian Socials 10,299 0.2
Zählkandidaten 7,569 0.2
Central Industrial Committee 6,422 0.1
Free Socialists 4,074 0.1
German Conservative Farmers' Party 3,623 0.1
Economic Political Realm Party 2,885 0.1
Social Politicians 2,735 0.1
German Economy Party 1,893 0.0
Italian nation National-Liberals 41,928 0.9
People's Party 40,543 0.9
Social Democratic Party 23,068 0.5
Democrats 10,367 0.2
Independents
Italian nationals
Liberal Farmers' Association
Polish nation People's Party 185,674 4.1
Conservatives 137,199 3.0
National Democrats 98,460 2.2
Democrats 84,181 1.9
Social Democratic Party 65,569 1.4
Independents 32,028 0.8
Centre 23,139 0.5
Christian Social Party 21,982 0.5
Agrarian 19,652 0.4
Independent Socialists
National Party
Non-party Democrats
Pro-German Poland
Progressive Democrats
Ruthenian nation Ukrainian Party 326,955 7.2
Russophile 128,160 2.8
Ukrainian Radical Party 54,701 1.2
Social Democratic Party 21,618 0.5
Serb nation Serbs 11,460 0.3
Slovenian nation People's Party 54,089 1.2
Clerical 43,203 1.0
Liberals 33,170 0.7
Independents 39,894 0.9
National Progressives
Pro-German Slovenians
Slovenian nationals
Social Democratic Party
Romanian nation Romanian national Party 38,408 0.8
Independents 17,533 0.4
Romanian national Democratic Party
None Zionists 31,781 0.7
Unknown 30,453
Invalid/blank votes 87,996
Total 4,625,082 100
Registered voters/turnout 5,767,065 80.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

Seats[edit]

Grouping Seats +/-
German National Association 100 +49
Uniform Bohemian Club 84 New
Christian Social Union 73 -23
Poland Club 70 +15
German Social Democrats 49 -1
Croatian-Slovenian Club 27 New
Bohemian Social Democrats 25 +1
Latin Union 21 New
Dalmatian Club 7 New
Polish Social Democrats 9 +3
Ukrainian Association 28 +3
Independents 23 +11
Total 516 0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

See also[edit]

List of political parties in Austria

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]