Alstom Citadis

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A Citadis 302 in Mulhouse
A Citadis 402 in Paris

The Citadis is a family of low-floor trams built by Alstom in La Rochelle, France, and Barcelona, Spain. More than 1140 Citadis trams are in use in over 28 cities,[1] including: Bordeaux, Grenoble, Lyon, Montpellier, Rouen, Orléans, the Paris area, and Barcelona, Dublin, Istanbul, Gdańsk, Katowice, Adelaide, Melbourne, Jerusalem, Rabat, Casablanca, Tunis and Rotterdam outside France.

Citadis types[edit]

The Citadis family includes both partially low-floor and 100% low-floor trams, in versions with three, five, and seven sections.

The Citadis family comprises:

The 70% low-floor “Regio-Citadis” variant allows for tram-train operation, in which trams run also on mainline railway tracks; it is used in the German city Kassel, and has been delivered for The Hague. This train type is having possibilities of duo-powering (diesel/600 VDC, 600 VDC/1,5 kV 16 Hz or 600 VDC/Bioenergy/diesel).

The Regio-Citadis model has now been superseded by "Citadis-Dualis", redesigned to operate on the same lines as regional trains (on the TER (Transport express régional) network) and intended for running at up to 100 km/h (62 mph), compared to 70 km/h (43 mph) for the Citadis tram), and for stop spacings ranging from 0.5 to 5 km (0.31 to 3.11 mi). 31 have been ordered (plus 169 on option [5]) by the SNCF at an average cost of 3.2 million per car (about $4.94 million or £2.5 million).[6]

Like most trams, Citadis vehicles are usually powered by overhead electric wires, but the trams in Bordeaux, Angers, and Reims (and in the future Dubai) use the “APS” (ground-level power supply), a third rail which is only powered while it is completely covered by a tram so that there is no risk of a person or animal coming into contact with a live rail. In outer areas, the trams switch to conventional overhead wires.[7]

Competitors to the Citadis include Bombardier Transportation's Flexity family (Outlook, Swift, Classic, and the Link tram-train), Siemens Combino and Avanto trams, Škoda ForCity, Ansaldo Sirio and TMK 2200 from Crotram.

Ordered Citadis trams[edit]

Africa[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
 Algeria Algiers 302 101–141 41 2010
 Algeria Constantine 402 101–127 27 2010 43.9
 Algeria Oran 402 101–130 30 2010 43.9
 Morocco Casablanca 302 74 2012 Able to MU
 Morocco Rabat–Salé 302 32 44 2010 19 double trams, 6 single bidirectional trams
 Tunisia Tunis Metro mourouj.jpg 302 401–430 30 2007 32 - 64 in MU 2.4

North America[edit]

Country City Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length
(m or
ft in)
Width
(m or
ft in)
Comments
 Canada Ottawa - Confederation Line Citadis Spirit (variant of 302) 34 (options for more) 2018 49 m or 160 ft 9.1 in 2.65 m or 8 ft 8.3 in 2 car trains totaling 98 m (321 ft 6.3 in) with a capacity of 600 passengers. Train to be built in Hornell, NY and final assembly in Ottawa[8]

South America[edit]

Country City Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
 Brazil Rio de Janeiro 402 2016 With APS system
 Ecuador Cuenca 302 2014 With APS system

Mideast[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
 Israel Jerusalem Jerusalem light rail 1st demo run.jpg 302 46 2009
 United Arab Emirates Dubai 402 25 APS[9]

Europe[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers No. Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
 France Angers Angers tram Place du ralliement II.JPG 302 1001-1017 17 2009 32.4 2.40
 France Aubagne Compact 8[4] 2014 22 First Citadis Compact ordered. Options for 10[4]
 France Bordeaux Frankreich 2007.10.23 142442.jpg 402 2201 - 2232
2301 - 2306
2501 - 2520
2801 - 2804
62 2002
2003
2005
2008
2011
43.9 2.40
 France Bordeaux XDSC 7591-tramway-de-Bordeaux-place-Paul-Doumer.jpg 302 2241 - 2246
2541 - 2546
12[10][11] 2002
2005
32.8 2.40
 France Grenoble 402[12] 6001 - 6035 35 2005 43 2.40
 France Grenoble 402 6036 - 6050 14 2009 43 2.40
 France Le Havre  ? 22 2011–2012
 France Le Mans 302 01 - 23 23 2007 32.0 2.40
 France Lyon 302 0801 - 0847 47[13] 2000 32.4 2.40
 France Lyon 302 0848 - 0857 10 2006 32.4 2.40
 France Lyon 302 0858 - 0870 13 2009 32.4 2.40
 France Lyon 302 0871 - 0873 3 2010 32.4 2.40
 France Montpellier Montpellier fg07.jpg 301 2001–2028 30[14] 1999–2000 40.9
 France Montpellier 302 2031–2033, 2041–2064 27 2006–2007 32.5
 France Montpellier 402 23 43
 France Mulhouse Tramway Mulhouse Porte Jeune.JPG 302 01 - 27 27 2005–2006 32.5
 France Nice 302 01 - 20 20 2006–2007 33
 France Nice 302 21 - 28 8 2010 33
 France Orléans 301 39 - 60 22[15] 2000 29.9 2.32
 France Orléans 302 61 - 81 21[16] 2010–2011 32.3 2.40
 France Paris 302 0401 - 0413, 0414 - 0426 26[17] 2002, 2003 32.2 2.40 T2
 France Paris 302 0427 - 0442 16 2008 32.2 2.40 T2
 France Paris 302 0442 - 0459 18 2010 32.2 2.40 T2
 France Paris 402 0301 - 0321 21 2006 43.7 2.65 T3
 France Paris 402 0322 - 0346 25[18] 2012 43.7 2.65 T3
 France Paris 302 19[19] 2013 32 2.4 T7
 France Paris 302 20[19] 2014 32 2.4 T8
 France Reims 302 101 - 118 18[20][21] 2010 32.4 2.40
 France Rouen 402 27 2011–2012 40-45 2.40 To replace the TFS[22]
 France Strasbourg Alstom Citadis 403 n°2021 Strasbourg - Langstross tram A.jpg 403 2001–2041 41[23] 2005–2006 45.1 2.40
 France Toulouse Tramway de Toulouse.JPG 302 24 2009–2010 32.4 2.40 Designed by Airbus
 France Tours Tram tours 5.jpg 402 21[24] 2012–2013 43 2.40 APS
 France Valenciennes Denain - Interstation Jaurès à Bellevue (B).JPG 302 33 2006 33 2.40
 Germany Kassel RegioTram Hofgeismar 588-frLh.jpg RegioCitadis 701 - 718 18 2004–2005 36.8 2.65
 Germany Kassel RegioCitadis 751 - 760 9 2004–2005 36.8 2.65 Hybrid with diesel engine
 Ireland Dublin 301 3001 - 3026 26 2003–2004 40 2.40 Red line, in 2007 extended from 30 to 40 m
 Ireland Dublin 401 4001 - 4014 14 2003–2004 40 2.40 Red line (transferred from green line 2010)
 Ireland Dublin Citadis dublin.jpg 402 5001 - 5026 26 2009 43 Green line
 Netherlands The Hague Lijn4.4033.09052008.jpg RegioCitadis 4001 - 4054 54 2006 36.8 2.65
 Netherlands The Hague RegioCitadis 4055 - 4072 18 2011 36.8 2.65
 Netherlands Rotterdam RET Citadis 2053 Centraal Station Rotterdam.JPG 302 2001–2060 60 2003 31.6 2.4 Unidirectional
 Netherlands Rotterdam RET 2108 Citadis Barendrecht Carnisselande 2.jpg 302 2101–2153 53 2009 30 2.4 Unidirectional
 Poland Gdańsk Gdańsk ulica Chłopska i Konstal NGd99.JPG NGd99 1001–1004 4 1999 26.6 2.35 Marketed as the Konstal NGd99, based on 100 series
 Poland Katowice Karlik.JPG 116Nd 800–816 17 2000 24 2.35
 Spain Barcelona Barcelona Tram 01.jpg 302 19 2004 32 2.65 Trambaix network
 Spain Barcelona Tram Barcelona.JPG 302 18 2007 32 2.65 Trambesòs network
 Spain Jaén Jaén - Tranvía en Las Batallas.JPG 302 5 2010 32 2.40
 Spain Madrid Aravacametroligero.jpg 302 70 2007 32 One of those types are in use on the Lidingöbanan in Stockholm, Sweden for testing, as the current cars are getting very old.
 Spain Tenerife Cabildo de Tenerife, Spain EMW 2006.jpg 302 20 2007 32.2 2.40
 Spain Murcia Citadis 302 Tranvia de Murcia.JPG 302 11 2011 32 2.40
 Turkey Istanbul Istanbul T1 line Alstom Citadis tram.jpg X-04 801-837 37 2009 28 2.65 Able to MU
 UK Nottingham Alstom Citadis tram at Nottingham Express Transit depot.jpg 302 216 - 237 22[25] 2014 NET Citadis poster

Oceania[edit]

Country City Image Type Fleet numbers Quantity Year Length (m) Width (m) Comments
 Australia Adelaide CT 202 glenelg, 2012.JPG 302[26] 6[26] 2010[27] 32 2.4 Purchased from Madrid in 2009, being surplus to their demands.[26][28]
 Australia Melbourne C 3010 in La Trobe St on route 24, 2013.JPG 202[29] 3001–3036[30] 36[30] 2001–2002[30] 23.0[30] 2.65[30] Locally designated C-class.[30]
 Australia Melbourne C2 5123 Bourke St 4-10-2012.jpg 302[31] 5103, 5106, 5111, 5113, 5123[32] 5[32] 2005–2006[32] 32.5[32] 2.65[32] Locally designated C2-class.[32]
Leased from Mulhouse, France in 2008, and later purchased by the Victorian government.[33]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Planète CITADIS". Alstom, Citadis Mag № 10. 2008-04-10. Archived from the original on 14 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-03.  (French)
  2. ^ Note: the Dublin Trams are currently being converted to 401s in a programme which will be completed during 2008
  3. ^ CITADIS Dualis Information Sheet
  4. ^ a b c "Aubagne orders Citadis Compact". Railway Gazette International. 7 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "CITADIS Dualis, Speed and smoothness from the city centre to the suburbs". Alstom. 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-04-24. Retrieved 2008-05-03. 
  6. ^ Harry Hondius (2 July 2007). "Dualis extends the reach of the Citadis family". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 2007-09-09. 
  7. ^ Wansbeek, C.J. (December 2002). "Bordeaux: Fronting the French tramway revolution". Tramways & Urban Transit (Light Rail Transit Association). Retrieved 2011-03-28. 
  8. ^ http://www.railwayage.com/index.php/passenger/light-rail/alstom-finalizes-ottawa-lrt-contract.html
  9. ^ "Al Safouh tram project consortium selected". Railway Gazette International. 2008-04-29. Retrieved 2008-05-02. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Fiche technique 302". Retrieved 2013-07-11. 
  11. ^ Fiche technique 402 (French)
  12. ^ "Fiche technique Grenoble 2". Retrieved 2013-07-11.  (French)
  13. ^ Fiche technique (French)
  14. ^ Fiche technique 401 (French)
  15. ^ Fiche technique Orléans (French)
  16. ^ "Urban rail news in brief - November 2008". Railway Gazette International. 19 November 2008. Retrieved 2011-03-28. 
  17. ^ Fiche technique CIT-RATP (French)
  18. ^ "Paris orders additional trams for T3". Railway Gazette International. 6 September 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-28. 
  19. ^ a b (English) "Citadis remains popular in Paris". Railway Gazette International. 28 January 2011. 
  20. ^ "Reims tramway sparkles with colour". Alstom. 2007-01-29. Retrieved 2007-09-09. [dead link]
  21. ^ "Reims, sa cathédrale, son tram...". Admirable Design. 2007-05-14. Archived from the original on 26 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-09.  (French)
  22. ^ "Rouen orders trams to increase capacity". Railway Gazette International. 2010-01-05. Retrieved 2011-03-28. 
  23. ^ Fiche technique Strasbourg (French)
  24. ^ "Tours selects Citadis and APS". Railway Gazette International. 14 September 2010. Retrieved 2011-03-28. 
  25. ^ "Nottingham tram Phase Two contract signed". Railway Gazette International. 15 December 2011. 
  26. ^ a b c Fenton, Andrew (7 June 2009). "Six new trams for Adelaide - ex-Madrid". The Adelaide Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  27. ^ Zed, Tom (26 March 2010). "Tram service a slow coach ride to the city". The Adelaide Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  28. ^ Castello, Renato (24 May 2009). "European trams to bolster our City-Glenelg fleet". The Adelaide Advertiser. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  29. ^ "Low floor trams have arrived!". Yarra Trams. 17 August 2001. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  30. ^ a b c d e f "C-Class". Yarra Trams. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  31. ^ "Mulhouse Light Rail and Tram Train, France". railway-technology.com. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f "C2-Class". Yarra Trams. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  33. ^ "Tram Procurement Program". Public Transport Victoria. Archived from the original on 13 May 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 

External links[edit]