Citharichthys

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Citharichthys
Temporal range: 20–0Ma

Late Miocene to Present[1]
Citharichthys sordidus.jpg
Pacific sanddab, Citharichthys sordidus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Pleuronectiformes
Family: Paralichthyidae
Genus: Citharichthys
Bleeker, 1862
Type species
Citharichthys cayennensis
Bleeker, 1862

Citharichthys is a genus of flatfish in the large-tooth flounder family, Paralichthyidae. They have both eyes on the left sides of their heads. They are native to the oceans around the Americas, with a single species, C. stampflii off the West African coast. Most are found in relatively shallow depths, but the genus also includes species found in deep water (down to at least 2,000 m or 6,600 ft)[2] and species that enter fresh water.[3][4]

Various species of sanddab, whiff, and flounder are in this genus, though the most common species is the Pacific sanddab, Citharichthys sordidus. They are a dull light-brown, and are mottled with brown or black, sometimes with yellow or orange. The largest species reaches 41 cm (16 in) in length.[5]

Species[edit]

The currently recognized species in this genus are:[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. Retrieved 2008-01-08. 
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Citharichthys dinoceros" in FishBase. May 2014 version.
  3. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Citharichthys stampflii" in FishBase. May 2014 version.
  4. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Citharichthys uhleri" in FishBase. May 2014 version.
  5. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Citharichthys in FishBase. October 2012 version.
  6. ^ a b Victor, B.C. & Wellington, G.M. (2013): Citharichthys darwini n. sp., a new endemic flatfish from the Galápagos Archipelago (Teleostei: Pleuronectiformes: Paralichthyidae). Journal of the Ocean Science Foundation, 6: 19-32.