Cities along the Silk Road

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Along the terrestrial/land Silk Roads[edit]

Major cities, broadly from the eastern Mediterranean to South Asia, and arranged roughly west to east in each area by modern-day country

The Silk Roads across the Middle East and Western Asia[edit]

Turkey

Lebanon

Syria

Iraq

Iran

Central Asia[edit]

Turkmenistan

Uzbekistan

Tajikistan

Kazakhstan

Southern Routes and South Asia[edit]

Afghanistan

Pakistan

India

Nepal

Tibet (China)

Bangladesh

Bhutan

The chain of cities along the northern route along the Taklamakan, probably based on Bento de Góis's itinerary, from Hiarcan (Yarkand) to Cialis (Karasahr or Korla) to Sucieu (Suzhou, Gansu)

China: The northern route along the Taklamakan Desert[edit]

Map of eastern Xinjiang with prehistoric sites and the courses of the Silk Roads by Folke Bergman, 1939

China: The southern route along the Taklamakan Desert[edit]

China: From Anxi/Dunhuang to Chang'an (Xi'an)[edit]

The ruins of a Han Dynasty (202 BC - 220 AD) Chinese watchtower made of rammed earth at Dunhuang, Gansu province, the eastern edge of the Silk Road

The eastern routes[edit]

Korea

Japan

Along the maritime Silk Routes[edit]

In Southeast Asia[edit]

List of Ptolemy[edit]

This following list is attributed to Ptolemy. All city names are Ptolemy's, throughout all his works. Most of the names are included in Geographia.

Some of the cities provided by Ptolemy either

  • no longer exist today or
  • have moved to different locations.

Nevertheless, Ptolemy has provided an important historical reference for researchers.

(This list has been alphabetized.)