Citizen Potawatomi Nation

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Citizen Potawatomi Nation
Total population
29,155[1]
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( Oklahoma)
Languages
Potawatomi language, English
Religion
Mide Religion or Medicine Lodge Religion, Native American Church, Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Three Fires Council (Odawa, Potawatomi, and Ojibwe)

Citizen Potawatomi Nation is a federally recognized tribe of Potawatomi people located in Oklahoma. The Potawatomi are traditionally an Algonquian-speaking Eastern Woodlands tribe. They have 29,155 enrolled tribal members, of whom 10,312 live in the state of Oklahoma.[1]

Government[edit]

The Citizen Potawatomi Nation is headquartered in Shawnee, Oklahoma. Their tribal jurisdictional area is in Cleveland and Pottawatomie Counties, Oklahoma. Of the 30,653 enrolled members, 10,312 live within the state of Oklahoma. They have their housing authority and issue tribal vehicle tags.[1]

Enrollment in the tribe is based on lineal descent;[1] that is to say, the tribe has no minimum blood quantum.

Current administration[edit]

Executive Branch:

  • Chairman: John A. Barrett[1]
  • Vice Chairman: Linda Capps
  • Secretary/Treasurer: D. Wayne Trousdale

Legislative Branch:

Economic development[edit]

They operate a truck stop, two gas stations, two smoke shops, a bingo hall, two tribal casinos, FireLake Discount Foods in Shawnee, FireLake Golf Course, and First National Bank and Trust, with two locations in Shawnee, one in Holdenville, two in Lawton, and three in communities surrounding Lawton. Their estimated economic impact is $422.4 million.[1]

Culture[edit]

In January 2006, the tribe opened its extensive Citizen Potawatomi Nation Museum and Cultural Heritage Center in Shawnee. The 36,000-square-foot (3,300 m2) building houses the nation's research library, archives, genealogy research center, veteran's wall of honor, exhibit and meeting space, and a museum store.[3]

The tribe's annual intertribal powwow is no longer held. The Citizen Potawatomi Nation's Family Reunion Festival is held on the final weekend in June each year. It attracts about 5,000 CPN members and their family members for a variety of cultural and other activities over a three-day period.

History[edit]

The Citizen Potawatomi Nation is the successor apparent to the Mission Band of Potawatomi Indians, located originally in the Wabash River valley of Indiana. With the Indian Removal Act after the 1833 Treaty of Chicago, the Mission Band was forced to march to a new reserve in Kansas. Of the 850 Potawatomi people forced to move, more than 40 died along the way. The event is known in Potawatomi history as the Potawatomi Trail of Death.

In Kansas, the Mission Band of Potawatomi lived on a small reserve with the Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation. The Prairie Band had adapted to the Plains culture but the Mission Band remained steadfast to the Woodlands culture. Both cultural groups exhibited very different ceremonial and subsistence strategies, yet were forced to share the land. Seeking a better opportunity for its people, the Mission Band leaders chose to take small farms rather than live together with the Prairie Band. Shortly thereafter, and not fully understanding the tax system, most of the new individual allotments of land passed out of Mission Band ownership and into that of white settlers and traders. In 1867, Mission Potawatomi members signed a treaty selling their Kansas lands in order to purchase lands in Indian Territory with the proceeds. To reinforce the new land purchase and learning from their Kansas experience, tribal members took U.S. citizenship. From that time on, they became known as the Citizen Potawatomi.

By the early 1870s, most of the Citizen Potawatomi had resettled in Indian Territory, present-day Oklahoma, forming several communities near present-day Shawnee. In 1890, the Citizen Potawatomi participated, unwillingly, in the allotment process implemented through the Dawes Act of 1887. With this Act, the Citizen Potawatomi people were forced to accept individual allotments again. In the Land Run of 1891, the remainder of the Potawatomi reservation in Oklahoma was opened up to non-Indian settlement, with the result that about 450 square miles (1,200 km2) of the reservation was given away by the government to settlers.

Notable tribal members[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2011 Oklahoma Indian Nations Pocket Pictorial Directory. Oklahoma Indian Affairs Commission. 2011: 10. Retrieved 2 Jan 2012.
  2. ^ Government. Citizen Potawatomi Nation. 2008
  3. ^ Cultural Heritage Center. Citizen Potawatomi Nation. 2008 (retrieved 21 Feb 2009)
  4. ^ "Get Ready to Cheer on These Native Athletes at the 2012 London Olympics." Indian Country Today. 27 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  5. ^ "Writers-in-Residence Program: Robin Kimmerer." HJ Andrews Experimental Forest. 2004. Retrieved 17 July 2012.
  6. ^ "CPN member Tyler Bray Tosses two TDs; Vols Lose" Citizen Potawatomi Nation 31 October 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2014.

External links[edit]