Citrine (colour)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
CitrineHow to read this color infobox
Citrin cut.jpg
Citrine, a deep golden yellowish variety of quartz
About these coordinates     Colour coordinates
Hex triplet #E4D00A
sRGBB  (rgb) (228, 208, 10)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k) (0, 8, 96, 11)
HSV       (h, s, v) (54°, 96%, 89[1]%)
Source [1]/Maerz and Paul[2]
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

Citrine /ˈsɪtrn/ is a colour, the most common reference for which is certain coloured varieties of quartz which are a medium deep shade of golden yellow. Citrine has been summarized at various times as yellow, greenish-yellow, brownish yellow or orange.[3]

The original reference point for the citrine colour was the citron fruit. The first recorded use of citrine as a colour in English was in 1386.[4] It was borrowed from a medieval Latin and classical Latin word with the same meaning. In late medieval and early modern English the citrine colour-name was applied in a wider variety of contexts than it is today and could be "reddish or brownish yellow; or orange; or amber (distinguished from yellow)".[5] In today's English citrine as a colour is mostly confined to the contexts of (1) gemstones, including quartz, and (2) some animal and plant names. E.g., Motacilla citreola is the scientific Latin name for a certain wagtail bird that lives in Asia and has golden-yellow plumage and the bird may be called the "Citrine Wagtail" in English.

"Citrine" is used in the names of birds and other lifeforms with such colouring to describe their appearance, including the Citrine Wagtail, Citrine Warbler, Citrine Canary-flycatcher and Citrine Forktail.

The citron fruit is historically the source-word for the citrine colour name, beginning in Latin


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ web.forret.com Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of colour #E4D00A (Citrine):
  2. ^ The colour displayed in the colour box above matches the colour called citrine in the 1930 book by Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill; the colour citrine is displayed on page 51, Plate 14, Color Sample L6.
  3. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill--Discussion of the color Citrine Page 154
  4. ^ Maerz and Paul A Dictionary of Color New York:1930 McGraw-Hill Page 193; Color Sample of Citrine: Page 51 Plate 14 Color Sample L6 (The colour identified as "Citrine" in this colour sample matches the colour in the colour display above.)
  5. ^ "Citrine" in the Middle English Dictionary (late medieval English).

External links[edit]